Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Need to Verify 1900 census

Carole Taylor Carole Taylor

posted on July 17, 2013

I have just found the 1900 census that my Grandfather- Clarence Lee Taylor appears on. The census is “Indian Terr.-Choctaw Nation-Township 10 N Range 24 E.” the “head of house” was William H Taylor-wife: Lusisia A. (Lee) This is NEW to me the gene buff for our families lines. question is was he or she Choctaw or in 1900 were people that were not of indian bloodlines allowed to live and “FARM” on the reservation? If you had to be of Choctaw bloodlines which of my g-grandparents were Choctaw? Where can I look I already checked out the NARA for one of their names. nothing. Thank you for any info.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 17, 2013

there were land rushes and business opportunities that drew people to indian territory. the federal census uses the choctaw nation as a location. there were over a million people in indian territory/oklahoma. about 150,000 people applied to tribes for enrollment 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma and some people were enrolled/some people were rejected because they did not have sufficient evidence for membership.

the 1900 census also contained native census information on the indian population schedule.

this must be the record:

1900 United States Federal Census about Clarence Taylor
Name: Clarence Taylor
Age: 10
Birth Date: abt 1890
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1900: Township 10, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: William H Taylor
Mother’s Name: Lusisia A Taylor
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William H Taylor 46
Lusisia A Taylor 44
Mary Taylor 23
Lattie Taylor 19
James M Taylor 17
Leonard Taylor 14
Claudie Taylor 12
Clarence Taylor 10
Willie Taylor 8
Lena Taylor 6
Edwin Taylor 4
Freddie Taylor 2
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 10, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1850; Enumeration District: 0180; FHL microfilm: 1241850.

william taylor rents a farm, so he had not received an allotment of land upon enrollment.
only freddie was born in indian territory, so the migration of the family to oklahoma was recent.

they are on the general population schedule, so they are living in a majority non-native area.

in the 1910 census, they are living in missouri, william is working for a railroad and they rent a house.
this would indicate that they are probably not native, as natives had to live under the authority of the tribe at that time.

1910 United States Federal Census about Fred Taylor
Name: Fred Taylor
Age in 1910: 11
Birth Year: abt 1899
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Sedalia Ward 3, Pettis, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Brother
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James M Taylor 35
Fannie E Taylor 28
Estelle Taylor 8
William Taylor 6
Cecil Taylor 4
Lena Taylor 17
Edwin Taylor 14
Fred Taylor 11
Clarence Taylor 21
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Sedalia Ward 3, Pettis, Missouri; Roll: T624_801; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 0133; FHL microfilm: 1374814.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in oklahoma/indian territory and contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes. there are actually 63 tribes in oklahoma and location is an important factor.

however, given your family’s migration, it does not appear to be that your family had native ties. it appears that they moved for business opportunities (to oklahoma and back to missouri).

however, if you want to see if there were nearby tribes, you should contact the state historical society, state archives, and look at records at NARA.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to

give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married

name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your

parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after

1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate,

and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery

information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a

child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the

death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you

where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the

1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by

census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage

quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied

for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at

NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database

for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price

is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes

packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index

informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you

can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or

ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death.

approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a

relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a

birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security

came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every

10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census

records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native

census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment

because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or

4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth,

birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants

to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family

group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the

enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the

oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for

your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be

living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in

that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma

records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan

program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you

locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several

tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to

a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final

Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The

tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out

more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve

some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages

through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not

found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these

documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe

of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for

enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around

1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your

relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land.

this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw

scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so

you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the

state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards

that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw

resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

if your family was in a majority non-native area, they were on the federal census

Carole Taylor Carole Taylor

posted on July 18, 2013

thank you for all the info.. so guess I will save my $30 for a “packet” on the 1896 application Enrollment I found for a William H Taylor-Choctaw case 296 and the 1889 Land record for Wm H Taylor for the Mustang area. but the 1910 census record you show does not reflect the head of house name. wonder what happened to father: William and mother: Lusisia? but thank you. I will explore that further I have only started the breakdown of this blockwall. but I will look closer in MO even though I have never found them there.

Carole Taylor Carole Taylor

posted on July 18, 2013

I guess im getting old.. i dont see where you found info that William was working on the RR and renting.. but then i dont have the original 1910 census infront of me. I will go to the LDS center and try again. Again OMG thank you so very much for all the info. You did hit on some places i had not thought of but to tell the truth I have been doing this for quite a while and have copies of many generations of all my families LINES records. This BLOCKWALL of my grandfather’s (I have even visited his grave here in Denver) but his parents are driving me crazy. this is the FIRST real good looking lead I have found other than their marriage record MO. BUT still nothing for their parents,,,, Gads

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 19, 2013

missouri started recording marriages and births before some other states. those records are at the archives and not necessarily off-line.

i start with the death and work backwards in time.

obituary: local public library interlibrary loan program, state historical society or state archives.
death certificate: state archives if old, state vital records
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net for a listing, then contact the cemetery to see if there are more records.

if he passed away after 1/1/1937, there is a social security application, and he would have submitted a delayed birth certificate. request a copy of a deceased relative’s social security application with a SS-5 under the freedom of information act.

if you request a birth certificate, also request a delayed birth certificate. when social security came into effect, people had to show proof of age.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Carole Taylor Carole Taylor

posted on July 19, 2013

you are very kind. thank you for your suggestions and most of all for the response it is so uplifting just to hear from you.
have a gr8 day

Carole Taylor Carole Taylor

posted on July 24, 2013

just an update. I noticed that on the 1910 census “Head” of house/“wife” were not listed.
4 of Wm/Levisa’s children were living with older bro. James M..so I went looking for Wm/Levisa, and found them on “find-a-grave”. In Oklahoma LeFlore Cnty. Short Mountain Cemetery. She died before the 1910 census: 1910 and Wm died 1915 also in Oklahoma. and 2 of their children born before the 1900 census are buried there. Zettie and Edwin. she 10yrs old (1898) and he was on the 1910 census and then died 3 yrs later, 17 yrs. now I am on the path to find William H Taylor’s father. I still think it is mighty strange that there were actually 2 William H Taylor’s living on the Choctaw Territory, at the same time. the LAND record MUSTANG area along the Canadian River. And the 1896 App. for Enrollment case #296. thank you again for all the info. and asst.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 24, 2013

the obituaries might be very helpful to you.

yes, this is a common name. there were over a million people living in indian territory/oklahoma by 1900.

gl.

suzanne hamlet shatto