Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Need to find Dad's Family

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on July 11, 2013

My name is Wade Durant. I was born in California in 1967 to Robert James Durant of Oklahoma. He was 1/2 Choctaw. He and my mother passed on early in life and I never new him or his people. My mom told me when I was young that my grandfather was a full-blooded Chief. It would be amazing at this point in my life to have family. Any help? Thank you.

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on July 11, 2013

I just found out thro the genealogy department my dads name be James Robert Durant

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on July 11, 2013

So my dad was named James Robert Durant seemed he had another name “Jimmie” He was born in 1937 and died in 1973. That’s where the trail runs cold.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 12, 2013

1940 United States Federal Census about Jimmy R Durant
Name: Jimmy R Durant
Age: 4
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1936
Gender: Male
Race: White
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Son
Home in 1940: Brooken, Haskell, Oklahoma
View Map
Sheet Number: 11A
Attended School or College: No
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Gaines Durant 48
Grace Durant 38
Nalda D Durant 16
Virginia L Durant 13
Mary J Durant 12
Wallace B Durant 9
Margaret A Durant 7
Jimmy R Durant 4
Ramona D Durant 1
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Brooken, Haskell, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3297; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 31-3.

not sure his middle name is robert.

and a different james/jimmie durant.

1940 United States Federal Census about Jimmy Durant
Name: Jimmy Durant
Age: 4
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1936
Gender: Male
Race: White
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Son
Home in 1940: Poteau, Le Flore, Oklahoma
View Map
Sheet Number: 27B
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
C Robbs Durant 35
Jessie Lee Durant 27
Phyllis Durant 12
Jewel Rose Durant 9
Jerry Durant 6
Jimmy Durant 4
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Poteau, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3305; Page: 27B; Enumeration District: 40-31.

California, Death Index, 1940-1997 about Jimmie R Durant
Name: Jimmie R Durant
Social Security #: 442367814
Gender: Male
Birth Date: 20 Mar 1937
Birth Place: Oklahoma
Death Date: 13 Oct 1973
Death Place: Alameda

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Jessie Lee Brooks
Name: Jessie Lee Brooks
Gender: Female
Age: 18
Birth Year: abt 1911
Residence: Poteau, Oklahoma
Spouse’s Name: J R Durant
Spouse’s Gender: Male
Spouse’s Age: 24
Spouse’s Residence: Poteau, Oklahoma
Marriage Date: 12 Oct 1929
Marriage License Date: 12 Oct 1929
Marriage County: Sebastian
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 2133688

you should get a copy of his death certificate and see if there are any clues on it, such as parents’ names, birthplace, birthdate.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Robert Meyers Robert Meyers

posted on July 12, 2013

the Mississippi Durants at bottom of article has a place to click on to show you a listing of Durants and how they are tied together. I am the descendant of Mollie Durant myself, Jack (orville) is my grandfather, Mollie was my great grandmother

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on August 21, 2014

Thank you Suzanne. That is a allot of effort on your part and I appreciate it. Time to get busy……

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on December 18, 2014

So here’s where I’m at after months of research.
My Dad:
Jimmy Ray Durant 1/2 Chactaw
Born Mar 20th 1937 – Died Oct 13th 1973
My Grandfather:
Denison Durant Fullblood Choctaw AKA Dennison D. or Dan
Born Nov 28 1906 or 1908 Died Apr 23 1980 in Mccurtain, Haskell, OK. Buried in Miners Cemetery (Oklahoma cant find death certificate)
Great Grandfather:
Unknown…cant find a thing!
Jane Durant Fullblood Choctaw AKA Geneva Jane Kaniatobe
Born 1892 in Choctaw Nation. Died 1918 in Idabel, McCurtain County, Oklahoma
Roll # 2844
Land deed application # 10651
Great Grandmother:
Narcissy Salina Chicca AKA Salina or Narcissa Laflore
Birth 15 SEP 1872 in Choctaw nation
Death 08 Aug 1958 in McCurtain, Oklahoma
Dawes Roll # 2846

Any help in tracing my Durant Surname and getting proper documentation for me to become a member much appreciated as I have hit a wall in research and Oklahoma is having problems finding certificates.

If interested I have added much info to the Durant family tree on

Sure would be wonderful to find living family members too………..
I can be emailed at

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 18, 2014

you should contact the enrollment department of the tribe. you probably have enough information to talk to them about it.

click the services tab, then departments, then enrollment department.

NAME: Denison Durant
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1908
RACE: Indian (Native American)
HOME IN 1930: Kirk, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View image
NEIGHBORS: View others on page
James Leflore 59
Selena Leflore 57
Denison Durant 22
David Kanitabe 15
Louis Durante 19

Source Citation
Year: 1930; Census Place: Kirk, Mccurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: 1913; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 0021; Image: 443.0; FHL microfilm: 2341647

NAME: Denison Durand
AGE IN 1910: 3
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1907
HOME IN 1910: Township 4, McCurtain, Oklahoma
RACE: Indian (Native American)
MOTHER’S NAME: Geneva Keniatoba
NEIGHBORS: View others on page
Wilburn F Keniatoba 35
Geneva Keniatoba 18
Watson Keniatoba 5
William Kaniatobe 1
Denison Durand 3

Source Citation
Year: 1910; Census Place: Township 4, McCurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1261; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0183; FHL microfilm: 1375274

there are various spellings of these names.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on December 19, 2014


The nation is very rigid about having certified birth and death certificates tying me to Jane Durant. Oklahoma cant even find my Grandfathers death certificate although he died in 1980 and I have his SS#. Plus they only communicate through snail mail. Thanks for the input.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 19, 2014

you do have to have those birth and death certificates. there are no shortcuts there.

i don’t know the name that you’re looking for, in the 1980 death of your grandfather. you should contact state vital records to get a copy of the death certificate.

after you get that, then you will have more information so that you contact state vital records for the birth certificate or delayed birth certificate. ask for both. if you don’t know where he was born, then you can get a copy of his social security application with a form SS-5.

enrollment in a tribe is a process and does take time.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Wade Durant Wade Durant

posted on December 19, 2014

Wow, just got off the phone with the Genealogy department. Turns out My grandfather was a registered full blood member of the Nation. All I lack for membership for me and my two sons is my father’s birth certificate. Very good! I still am pursuing my Durant surname, It’s a total mystery………….

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 19, 2014

i am glad for you.

once you get your father’s birth certificate/delayed birth certificate then you will have more information. as for family heritage, once the tribe receives your document and confirms, then you can ask them for the dawes packet for your original enrollees, which may help you with your family tree.

you may also want to look at the oklahoma pioneer papers and the oklahoma chronicle.

you should also contact anyone who posts your relatives in their family tree, share information and sources.

suzanne hamlet shatto