Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation



posted on June 9, 2013 and updated on June 9, 2013


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 10, 2013

1900 United States Federal Census about Andrew L Mccarter
Name: Andrew L Mccarter
[Annie L Mccarter]
Age: 38
Birth Date: abt 1862
Birthplace: South Carolina
Home in 1900: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Matilda Mccarter
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Andrew L Mccarter 38
Matilda Mccarter 25
Elmer W McCarter 9
Emit P Mccarter 5
Ethel B Mccarter 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 2, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1852; Enumeration District: 0103; FHL microfilm: 1241852.

posting on messageboards can be helpful to you. this post gives you information on different messageboards.

you will find obituaries will be helpful to you. the social security death index can help you know when someone passed away and the obituary can tell you who the family are and where they live. your local public library/interlibrary loan program can help you with getting copies of the obituaries.

Web: Oklahoma, Find A Grave Index, 1800-2012 about Andrew Lafayette “fate” McCarter
Name: Andrew Lafayette “fate” McCarter
Birth Date: 19 Oct 1861
Age at Death: 71
Death Date: 12 Jun 1933
Burial Place: Centrahoma, Coal County, Oklahoma, USA

Andrew Lafayette “Fate” McCarter

Birth: Oct. 19, 1861
Death: Jun. 12, 1933

Family links:
Mattie Matilda Maytubby McCarter (1874 – 1957)*

Children: Elmer Weise McCarter (1891 – 1949)* Ethel Bridget McCarter Rushing (1898 – 1980)* Ellis McCarter (1906 – 1906)* Eather Alvaretta McCarter Bunch (1911 – 1997)* Emerson McCarter (1918 – 1964)*

*Calculated relationship

Married Mar. 16, 1890

Centrahoma Cemetery
Coal County
Oklahoma, USA

the children and spouse links on can also help you.

1910 United States Federal Census about Andrew L McCarter
Name: Andrew L McCarter
[Anderson L Mccarter]
Age in 1910: 48
Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: South Carolina
Home in 1910: Bryan, Coal, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mattie Mccarter
Father’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Andrew L McCarter 48
Mattie Mccarter 35
Elmer Mccarter 19
Emmet Mccarter 15
Ethel Mccarter 11
Edgar Mccarter 8
Elberta Mccarter 6
Earl Mccarter 2
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Bryan, Coal, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1247; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 0073; FHL microfilm: 1375260.

your local public library would probably have access to and people post their family trees there. you can communicate with the person who posted the family tree through

1920 United States Federal Census about Andrew L Mc Carter
Name: Andrew L Mc Carter
[Andrew L Mccarter]
Age: 59
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: South Carolina
Home in 1920: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mattie Mc Carter
Father’s Birthplace: United States
[United States of America]
Mother’s Birthplace: United States
[United States of America]
Home Owned: Own
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Andrew L Mc Carter 59
Mattie Mc Carter 45
El Bertha G Mc Carter 16
Earl F Mc Carter 12
Etha A Mc Carter 8
Epoe L Mc Carter 5
Emmerson M Mc Carter 1
[1 6/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1457; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 12; Image: 883.

1930 United States Federal Census about Andrew L Mccarter
Name: Andrew L Mccarter
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: South Carolina
Race: White
Home in 1930: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Mattie Mccarter
Father’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Andrew L Mccarter 69
Mattie Mccarter 55
Earl F Mccarter 22
Eather A Mccarter 18
Epal L Mccarter 15
Emerson Mccarter 11
Imogene Mccarter 2
[2 4/12]
Elberta G Ethridge 26
Emett Mccarter 10
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma; Roll: 1898; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 14; Image: 750.0; FHL microfilm: 2341632.

1940 United States Federal Census about Mattie Mc Carter
Name: Mattie Mc Carter
Respondent: Yes
Age: 65
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1875
Gender: Female
Race: Indian (Native American)
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House: Head
Home in 1940: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma
View Map
Farm: Yes
Inferred Residence in 1935: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma
Residence in 1935: Same House
Sheet Number: 3B
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 41
Occupation: Farming
House Owned or Rented: Owned
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 1000
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 4th grade
Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 8
Class of Worker: Working on own account
Weeks Worked in 1939: 20
Income: 0
Income Other Sources: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mattie Mc Carter 65
Earl Mc Carter 32
Emerson Mc Carter 21
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Jefferson, Coal, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3285; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 15-13.

Social Security Death Index about Earl McCarter
Name: Earl McCarter
SSN: 443-16-2827
Last Residence: 74534 Centrahoma, Coal, Oklahoma, United States of America
Born: 7 Aug 1907
Last Benefit: 74534 Centrahoma, Coal, Oklahoma, United States of America
Died: Nov 1980
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (Before 1951)

Social Security Death Index about Emerson McCarter
Name: Emerson McCarter
SSN: 445-03-4634
Born: 19 Jun 1919
Died: Aug 1964
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (Before 1951)

Eather Alvaretta “Retta” McCarter Bunch
Birth: Sep. 4, 1911
Death: Sep. 21, 1997

Retta Bunch, 86, a resident of Central Washington for the past 52 years, died late Sunday evening, Sept. 21, 1997, at Central Washington Hospital.

She was born Sept. 4, 1911, to Andrew LaFayette and Matilda (Maytubby) McCarter in Centrahoma, Okla. She attended school at the Wheelock Academy in Purcell, Okla.

In 1933 she married Floyd E. Bunch and in 1945 they moved to Orondo where she raised their family. In 1957, they purchased an orchard in East Wenatchee where she resided until her death.

She worked as a packer for the Mann-Farrington warehouse, later Northern Fruit Exchange, retiring in 1991 at the age of 80.

Retta was a member of Kings Orchard Church of Christ. She was an inspiration to her family and enjoyed sharing fruits and vegetables from her bountiful garden. She also looked forward to her travels with the “over-the-hill” gang. Her zany sense of humor was evident in her annual Halloween costumes and practical jokes. Her grandchildren were a central focus of her life and they feel blessed to have been nurtured by such a loving grandmother.

Survivors include a son, Charles Bunch of Anchorage, Alaska; four daughters, Ima Jean McCarter, of Entiat, Theda Mitchell of East Wenatchee, Ruby Larive of Pullman and Judy Vail of East Wenatchee; 13 grandchildren; 16 great-grandchildren; and one great-great-grandchild. She was preceded in death by 10 brothers and sisters and two infant grandsons.

Jones and Jones Funeral Directors are in charge of arrangements.

RETTA BUNCH — A service of commemoration for Retta Bunch will be conducted Thursday morning, Sept. 25, 1997 at 11:00 a.m. in the Colonial Chapel of the Jones and Jones Funeral Home with Pastor Dale Linge officiating. Interment will follow in the Orondo Cemetery. Visitation will be held Wednesday from noon until 8:00 p.m. Jones and Jones Funeral Directors are in charge of arrangements.

Buried: 25 Sep 1997

Family links:
Andrew Lafayette McCarter (1861 – 1933)
Mattie Matilda Maytubby McCarter (1874 – 1957)

Spouse: Floyd E Bunch (1912 – 1986)

Orondo Community Cemetery
Douglas County
Washington, USA

if you need phone numbers, can be helpful. once you get connected with someone, then you will probably find other connections because they know where their close relatives are.


genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto


posted on June 10, 2013

WOW! thank you so much Suzanne!! Such a wealth of information! I really appreciate that.

Deborah Calkin McCarter Deborah Calkin McCarter

posted on June 30, 2014

Hello Onatookah! My son Michael James McCarter is a relative of yours. This is his grandfather: another relative of yours. It is so nice to connect.