Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

1940 census

Sheba Hill Sheba Hill

posted on March 31, 2013

I’m sorry I get to tapping and forget what I put and what I didn’t. The 1940 census was my grandmother and grandfather Hill.
Earl Lee Hill, Roxie, Edna Earl, and Roy Lee Hill (my father). It was Oklahoma I believe. The death record for Minnie is the corre

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 31, 2013

this post belongs on another thread. and this post appears to be not finished. will copy your post over manually, i guess.

Sheba Hill Sheba Hill

posted on April 28, 2013

1940 census has my fathers, mom dad and sister. Earl lee Hill, Roxie Hill, Edna Earl Hill, and my father Roy Lee Hill. The information you have on Minnie seems to be appropriate. I just need to figure out where she came from.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 28, 2013

this is the thread.
i think you need to get some vital records and i cannot do that for you.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Sheba Hill Sheba Hill

posted on May 7, 2013

Thank you

Sheba Hill Sheba Hill

posted on December 30, 2013

I am looking for information on my father’s family. His dad is Earl Hill and mom Roxie Crownover. They lived in Antlers before migrating west to Arizona. I have gotten some information from my brother. He says grandma’s mom, Minnie is the daughter of Seeborn BALLARD and mother is Josephine BRAKE. Josephine’s parents are Jack Harrison Boren and Francis Delia Boren. Jack’s parent’s are Israel Boren and Mary Ann Wheat. Does anyone know if they have roll numbers?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 31, 2013

as i explained in my post to you on the other thread: you will have to get some vital records because the name is common.

there is no seeborn ballard on the dawes roll. there is no josephine ballard on the dawes roll. the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma and contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma. other tribes in other states also have membership requirements and location is an important factor in tribal enrollment because natives had to agree to live under the authority of the tribe.

1900 United States Federal Census about Sebern Ballard
Name: Sebern Ballard
[Sebron Ballard]
Age: 40
Birth Date: Nov 1859
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 8, Hopkins, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Josaphine Ballard
Marriage Year: 1880
Years Married: 20
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Sebern Ballard 40
Josaphine Ballard 36
William E Ballard 17
John L Ballard 15
Polly Ballard 13
Evlenor Ballard 10
Elic H Ballard 9
Earsley O Ballard 3
Myrtle Ballard 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 8, Hopkins, Texas; Roll: 1646; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 0059; FHL microfilm: 1241646.

if this is your relatives, texas was not on the trail of tears taken in the late 1830s. but many natives did travel westward to/through texas.

seborn ballard, head, white male, b. nov. 1859, age 40, married 20 years, b. AR, parents b. GA, farmer, reads and writes, rents a farm
josephine, wife, white female, b. dec. 1863, age 36, married 20 years, had 11 children but only 9 survive, b. TX, father b. MO, mother b. AR, reads and writes
william e., son, white male, b. nov. 1882, age 17, single, b. TX, father b. AR, mother b. TX, farm laborer, reads and writes
john g., son, white male, b. oct. 1884, age 15, single, b. TX, father b. AR, mother b. TX, farm laborer, doesn’t read or write
polly, daughter,white female, b. jun. 1886, age 13, single, b. TX father b. AR, mother b. TX, doesn’t read or write
evlenor, daughter, white female, b. jul. 1889, age 10, single, b. TX, father b. AR, mother b. TX, doesn’t read or write
elic h., son, white male, b. jun. 1890, age 9, single, b. TX, father b. AR, mother b. TX, doesn’t read or write
earsley o., son, white male, b. feb. 1897, age 3, single, b. TX, father b. AR, mother b. TX, doesn’t read or write
myrtle, daughter, white female, b. dec. 1898, age 1, single, b. TX, father b. AR, mother b. TX

this is the problem. if this is your family, they were not living on a reservation and probably could not submit proof of heritage to an oklahoma tribe. they might qualify for a TX or AR tribe, i don’t know. but you need to find out where your family lived and then look for a nearby tribe. always ask about membership requirements. every tribe has different membership requirements. there is more than one choctaw tribe and tribes in many states.

1910 United States Federal Census about S H Ballard
Name: S H Ballard
Age in 1910: 50
Birth Year: abt 1860
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Colbert, McClain, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Josephine Ballard
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
S H Ballard 50
Josephine Ballard 46
Harvey Ballard 18
Ursley Ballard 13
Myrtle Ballard 11
Jewell Ballard 9
Burton Ballard 6
Lottie Ballard 4
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Colbert, McClain, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1261; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 0189; FHL microfilm: 1375274.

do you see that seborn’s parents were b. GA. they would have been born about the time of the trail of tears.

the trail of tears occurred in the late 1830s from MS and AL to OK/indian territory.

1910 United States Federal Census about Josephine Ballard
Name: Josephine Ballard
Age in 1910: 46
Birth Year: abt 1864
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Colbert, McClain, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: S H Ballard
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page

texas was not on the trail of tears. AR was on the trail of tears, however you have to trace them back to the MA/AL reservation if you want to see if they were choctaw. it appears that they were not near the choctaw reservation, from the census information 1830-1880.

1880 United States Federal Census about Josaphine A Ballard
Name: Josaphine A Ballard
[Josaphine Brake]
[Josaphine A Boren]
Age: 17
Birth Year: abt 1863
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1880: Precinct 1, Parker, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Spouse’s Name: H. S. Ballard
Father’s Name: Harrison Boren
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Delilah F Boren
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Harrison Boren 37
Delilah F Boren 39
Mary Ellen Boren 13
Wm I Boren 11
Amanda A Boren 9
Joseph M Boren 5
Margaret P Boren 3
Oscar B Boren 1
H. S. Ballard 21
Josaphine A Ballard 17
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 1, Parker, Texas; Roll: 1322; Family History Film: 1255322; Page: 367B; Enumeration District: 135.

since they were in texas in 1880, they were not living on a reservation. this makes it difficult to establish that they were native. if they were on the federal census 1830-1880, then they were not living on a reservation. natives who were living on a reservation were accepting rations and records were kept of that. this produced some native census records. natives were on native census records when they were living on reservation. natives that lived off-reservation were on federal census records.

1850 United States Federal Census about Delila F Mallow
Name: Delila F Mallow
Age: 8
Birth Year: abt 1842
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1850: Ozan, Hempstead, Arkansas
Gender: Female
Family Number: 90
Household Members:
Name Age
Michael Mallow 56
Charlotte Mallow 52
Oliver P Mallow 24
Lewis C Mallow 22
Martha A Mallow 20
John P Mallow 18
George Mallow 15
Charlotte Mallow 12
Thos A Mallow 10
Delila F Mallow 8
Darell P Mallow 7
Armstead C Mallow 4
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Ozan, Hempstead, Arkansas; Roll: M432_26; Page: 215A; Image: 427.

Virginia, Marriages, 1740-1850 about MICHAEL Jr. Mallow
Name: MICHAEL Jr. Mallow
Gender: Male
Spouse Name: Charlotte Gortner
Spouse Gender: Female
Marriage Date: 12 Mar 1816
County: Botetourt
State: Virginia

this records also does not appear to be choctaw natives.

there are some tribes that are still seeking recognition.

1860 United States Federal Census about Michel Mallow
Name: Michel Mallow
Age in 1860: 65
Birth Year: abt 1795
Birthplace: Virginia
Home in 1860: Precinct 1, Collin, Texas
Gender: Male
Post Office: McKinney
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Michel Mallow 65
Charlott Mallow 63
Thos A Mallow 20
Della F Mallow 18
Dulal P Mallow 16
Armsted C Mallow 13
George Mallow 11
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Precinct 1, Collin, Texas; Roll: M653_1291; Page: 34; Image: 74; Family History Library Film: 805291

Delilah Fanny Mallow BREAK BOREN
Birth: Jan. 8, 1841
Arkansas, USA
Death: Mar. 19, 1904
Collin County
Texas, USA

Delilah Fanny Mallow BREAK was married by Minister Benjamin WATSON on 13 Jul 1865 in Collin Co., TX to Jack Harrison BOREN b. 24 Jan 1842 TX, d. 19 Mar 1913 Collin Co., TX, bd. Old Richards Cemetary, Collin Co., TX.
Delilah’s parents were Michael BREAK & Charlott Gortnor MALLOW.
Delilah is listed with the heirs of Michael & Charlotte Gortnor Mallow in their Probated Will on 31 Aug 1863, page 308 of the probate records at the Collin Co., Texas court house.
Jack’s parents were Israel BOREN & Mary WHEAT.
Jack & his brother, Washington T. BOREN, served during the Civil War in Captain Alfred Johnson’s Texas Spy Company of Cavalry, Unattached Texas Volunteers which later became Co.E, Morgan’s Texas Cavalry Regiment.
During the war a federal general put a reward out for their capture dead or alive. Captain Johnson chose only the best for his company. No doubt Harrison had a good mount and knew how to ride and shoot. The men called their scouts, “Hunting Feds.”

Family links:
Jack Harrison Boren (1842 – 1913)*

Children: Joseph Mike Boren (1875 – 1965)*

*Calculated relationship

Old Richards Cemetery
Collin County
Texas, USA

Created by: Fred Downs
Record added: Aug 30, 2002
Find A Grave Memorial# 6735837

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Francis Delila Boren
Name: Francis Delila Boren
Death Date: 19 Mar 1904
Death County: Collin
Certificate: 12271

1870 United States Federal Census about Delilah Bosen
Name: Delilah Bosen
[Delilah Boren]
Age in 1870: 27
Birth Year: abt 1843
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1870: Precinct 2, Collin, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Farmersville
Value of real estate: View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
Harrison Bosen 23
Delilah Bosen 27
Josephine Bosen 6
John Bosen 4
Mary Bosen 1
Israel Bosen 5/12
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Precinct 2, Collin, Texas; Roll: M593_1579; Page: 402B; Image: 201; Family History Library Film: 553078.

they might have roll numbers but not with the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. you will have to look for other tribes.
the problem is that the locations listed in the census don’t have reservations. you might find tribal affiliation based on location but this will not help you enroll in a tribe. since the family was living off-reservation, they would have had difficulty trying to get proof of native heritage for the enrollment process.
genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
access genealogy’s collection of information
if you are from another tribe, use the links at the right.
if you are from an associated tribe, see the several possible links on the webpage.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

tribes in other locations:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw were not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto