Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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The 1900 Census for Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory (Oklahoma)

Rosalie von Henner Rosalie von Henner

posted on March 12, 2013

My Grandmother is 1/8th Indian and have always wondered what tribe she was from. On ancestry.com I have come across the fact she was born in Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory.(This is from the 1900 census) She was Lillie M. Brown born in Oct. 1899 and the census lists her parents as John Brown born Aug 1874, Nancy L. Brown Born Feb. 1874. They were both born in Alabama. She has an older brother James G. Brown born Oct. 1895, and an older sister Mary Ethel Brown born Dec. 1893. It states all of the children were born in Indian Territory. Also John A. Brown’s parents were living in the same place in 1900 (Township 5, Choctaw Nation). One of John Brown’s parents was probably 1/2 Indian. His parents names were Mary Mahala Ryan Brown born 10/22/1852 and James Perry Brown born 5/14/1851. I was wondering if these relatives of mine are of Choctaw descent because they lived in the Choctaw nation of Oklahoma in 1900?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 13, 2013

as you know, the name is common. i see these two choctaw applicants and both of these are the wrong age to be your relative:
Choctaw Brown Lilla C 17 F 1/32 MCR6823 WYMORE NE MCR
Choctaw Brown Lillie 7 F F14 5256 PURCELL F

there were other natives in indian territory by 1900 also. in fact the dawes roll contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 but there are 63 tribes in oklahoma.

many natives did not apply for enrollment because they were philosophically opposed to enrollment or they did not qualify for enrollment for a particular tribe.

1900 United States Federal Census about Lillie M Brown
Name: Lillie M Brown
Age: 7/12
Birth Date: abt 1899
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: John E Brown
Mother’s name: Nancy L Brown
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John A Brown 25
Nancy L Brown 26
Mary E Brown 6
James G Brown 4
Lillie M Brown 7/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; Enumeration District: 0088; FHL microfilm: 1241851.
Name: John A Brown
[John E Brown]
Age: 25
Birth Date: abt 1875
Birthplace: Alabama

Name: Nancy L Brown
Age: 26
Birth Date: abt 1874
Birthplace: Alabama

since both parents were b. AL, they did not go on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s, from MS/AL to OK. so, if the parents were native, they might be MOWA or mississippi choctaw. see the links in this post about those tribes.

1910 United States Federal Census about Lillie M Brown
Name: Lillie M Brown
Age in 1910: 10
Birth Year: abt 1900
1900
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Yale Ward 1, Payne, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John A Brown
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s name: Nanna L Brown
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John A Brown 35
Nanna L Brown 38
M Ethel Brown 16
James G Brown 14
Lillie M Brown 10
Willie S Brown 4
Versie M Brown 2
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Yale Ward 1, Payne, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1269; Page: 22A; Enumeration District: 0188; FHL microfilm: 1375282.

tribal enrollment and tribal heritage are two different topics.

it appears that other researchers are also interested in this family line. you should contact them and trade information and sources.

many people came to indian territory/oklahoma for business opportunities and the oklahoma land rushes. the family is on the federal population schedule, not the indian population schedule, so they were living in an area that was populated mostly by non-natives.

the children on the 1900 census were b. indian territory but nancy and john were b. AL. john’s parents were b. AL but nancy’s parents were b. GA.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about John Abraham Brown
Name: John Abraham Brown
County: Creek
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 8 Aug 1874
Race: White
Draft Board: 1

1880 United States Federal Census about John A. Brown
Name: John A. Brown
Age: 5
Birth Year: abt 1875
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1880: Riley, Yell, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: James Brown
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s name: Mary Brown
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
James Brown 29
Mary Brown 28
Josepas Brown 7
John A. Brown 5
Alution E. Brown 4
George W. Brown 1
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Riley, Yell, Arkansas; Roll: 60; Family History Film: 1254060; Page: 448D; Enumeration District: 225; Image: 0359.

only son george was b. AR. the other children were b. AL.

1880 United States Federal Census about Nancy L. Gooden
Name: Nancy L. Gooden
Age: 8
Birth Year: abt 1872
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1880: Bear Creek, Franklin, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: S. B. Gooden
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s name: Patience Gooden
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
S. B. Gooden 48
Patience Gooden 40
Fred M. Gooden 22
Wm. R. Gooden 19
Jefferson B. Gooden 12
Mary E. Gooden 17
James M. Gooden 14
Nancy L. Gooden 8
Cyntha L. Gooden 6
Patience S. A. Gooden 2
Mollie C. Gooden 3m
Sarah A. Gooden 20
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Bear Creek, Franklin, Alabama; Roll: 13; Family History Film: 1254013; Page: 605C; Enumeration District: 092; Image: 0719.

if natives were on the federal census, they were living off-reservation. if natives live on-reservation, they are on native census records because they are not taxed.

there might be a land record to the head of household 1830-1880 called choctaw scrip. this land grant would be in lieu of tribal enrollment, but it will help you with genealogy because then you would have a tribal identity. location is an important factor in tribal affiliation, so you should look for tribes nearby.

1850 United States Federal Census about Sterling Gooden
Name: Sterling Gooden
[Sterling Goodin]
Age: 17
Birth Year: abt 1833
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1850: Murray, Georgia
Gender: Male
Family Number: 1373
Household Members:
Name Age
Jooden Gooden 47
Jane Gooden 40
John Gooden 21
Isaac M Gooden 30
Sterling Gooden 17
James Gooden 12
Catharine Gooden 11
William Gooden 5
Nancy Gooden 4
Elizabeth Philleo 24
John Garner 4
William Phillio 1
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: , Murray, Georgia; Roll: M432_78; Page: 247A; Image: 502.

GA tribes
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/georgia/index.htm
http://www.aaanativearts.com/tribes-by-states/georgia_tribes.htm

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

R. E. McLellan R. E. McLellan

posted on March 26, 2013 and updated on March 26, 2013

.

Joy C Joy C

posted on October 4, 2013

Hello, my grandmother told us (even wrote it) that her family was from the Choctaw line. They lived in Choctaw Nation in 1900 by Census records and a little before; with many of the family members staying there well after Oklahoma became a state and even died there (around what is now Hugo.) Others came to Texas. Before this they were apparently in Arkansas and Mississippi. Anyway, the name of her father is Forrest C. Black; with his wife Ada. She swears that this was shortened from “Blackhawk” so they could ‘fit in’. She also says that her mother’s side was from the Cherokee line, but didn’t know very much about that. I just wanted to find out how to find this information. Thanks in advance.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 4, 2013

is this a new inquiry about a different family? you should start a new thread so that others can read your post.

it sounds like:
forrest c. black m. ada unknown, no dates or locations.
unknown female child, unknown location, unknown date.

if this is your family, then there was a previous post about these people:
http://www.choctawnation.com/forum/forums/2/topics/519

you need to do your genealogy. you may need to get your family vital records, such a birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to

give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married

name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your

parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after

1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate,

and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery

information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a

child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the

death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you

where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the

1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by

census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage

quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied

for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at

NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the 5 major tribes list applicants on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian

territory/oklahoma.

requirements for enrollment for several oklahoma tribes:
http://thorpe.ou.edu/OILS/blood.html
What are tribal membership requirements?

Tribal enrollment criteria are set forth in tribal constitutions, articles of incorporation or ordinances. The criterion

varies from tribe to tribe, so uniform membership requirements do not exist.

Two common requirements for membership are lineal decendency from someone named on the tribe’s base roll or relationship to

a tribal member who descended from someone named on the base roll. (A “base roll” is the original list of members as

designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria.) Other conditions such as tribal

blood quantum, tribal residency, or continued contact with the tribe are common.

http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/enrollment.htm

enrollment is a two step process. first you have to get your CDIB card from the BIA to show your degree of

blood/eligibility to enroll in a particular tribe, and then you have to apply to the tribe for acceptance, if you meet

their membership requirements.

Tribal Government personnel, usually an Enrollment Clerk, located at a regional or agency office processes applications for

Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) and Indian Preference in Employment, BIA Form 4432, to anyone who can provide

documentation that he or she descends from an American Indian tribe.
http://www.bia.gov/WhatWeDo/ServiceOverview/TribalGov/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_recognition_in_the_United_States
this article has many resources.
however i find the paragraph on “Recognition for individuals” to be somewhat insensitive.

i think someone should rewrite that paragraph.

What are the most typical requirements for membership?
Each tribe has a base roll which was established, usually, in the early 20th century, listing the members of the tribe
at that time. Your first challenge will be to prove direct lineal descent from someone listed on that base roll. Then
you must prove that you have the required level of blood quantum – the percentage of your genetic make-up that
is native by bloodline. Most tribes require a 1/4 blood quantum – that is, you must be at least one-fourth Native
American – but note that the Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be only 1/16 or higher to join, and the

Cherokee Nation has no minimum quantum restriction, so long as you can prove descent. There may be other conditions for

membership as well: requirements for tribal residency or continued contact with the tribe are common.
http://freedomcenter.org/_media/pdf/genealogy/16.%20Native%20American%20-%20Tribal%20Membership.pdf

choctaw enrollment, forms, FAQs
http://www.choctawnation.com/services/departments/enrollment-cdib-and-tribal-membership/

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database

for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price

is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes

packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index

informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you

can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or

ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death.

approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a

relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a

birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security

came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every

10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census

records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native

census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment

because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or

4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment. some

mississippi choctaw were accepted by adoption or lawsuit.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth,

birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants

to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants on the dawes roll can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family

group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the

enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the

oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for

your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be

living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in

that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma

records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
you can try school records in the oklahoma state archives, the oklahoma historical society and NARA.
http://www.odl.state.ok.us/oar/
http://www.okhistory.org/
these two resources might have historical newspapers and local history books. your public library/interlibrary loan

program might also have access to newspapers and local history books.

http://www.archives.gov

as for stories, you can see if any of the relatives are mentioned in the oklahoma pioneer papers or oklahoma chronicles.

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/
volumes are alphabetical by surname.
if an interview is not online, contact the host of these interviews.

http://www.okhistory.org/publications/chronicles

as for location for your family, you should look on the federal census 1900-1940 for your family and this will give you

locations, family members. your local public library probably has a subscription to ancestry.com and heritage quest.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several

tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to

a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final

Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The

tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out

more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve

some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages

through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not

found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these

documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe

of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for

enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around

1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your

relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land.

this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw

scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so

you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the

state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards

that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw
resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Forrest Cook Black
Birth 26 feb 1877 in Texas, United States
Death 18 Dec 1943 in Mesquite, Dallas, Texas, USA

Family Members
Parents

William Powell Black 1838 – 1919 Eliza M Jackson 1844 – 1921 Ada E Cloneger 1882 – 1936 Martha Black 1900 – Marchie Mae Black 1903 – 1953 Annie Eliza Black 1905 – 1996 William Black 1911 – Forest Cook Black Junior 1914 – 1936 Clifford Aubrey Black 1918 – 1965 Clifton Everett Black 1922 – 1984

Ada E Cloneger
Birth 31 December 1882 in Arkansas, United States
Death 17 Jun 1936

1900 United States Federal Census about F C Black
Name: F C Black
Age: 23
Birth Date: Feb 1877
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 8, Lamar, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son in Law
[Son-in-law]
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: R M Black
Marriage Year: 1898
Years Married: 2
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Merian Sadler 43
M A Sadler 40
R M Black 21
F C Black 23
Martha Black 1/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 8, Lamar, Texas; Roll: 1653; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0087; FHL microfilm: 1241653.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Forrest Cook Black
Name: Forrest Cook Black
City: Dallas
County: Dallas
State: Texas
Birth Date: 26 Feb 1877
Race: White

1880 United States Federal Census about Forrest C. Black
Name: Forrest C. Black
Age: 3
Birth Year: abt 1877
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1880: Precinct 4, Tarrant, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: W. S. Black
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: E.M. Black
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
W. S. Black 42
E.M. Black 36
Dora D. Black 9
Forrest C. Black 3
J. Elliott Black 1
Nancy Chase 18
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 4, Tarrant, Texas; Roll: 1328; Family History Film: 1255328; Page: 177D; Enumeration District: 096.

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Forrest C. Black
Name: Forrest C. Black
Death Date: 18 Dec 1943
Death County: Dallas
Certificate: 54701

is this your forrest c. black?

1920 United States Federal Census about Forest Black
Name: Forest Black
[Forrest Black]
Age: 42
Birth Year: abt 1878
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Justice Precinct 7, Dallas, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Adie Black
Father’s Name: Kennie Black
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Home owned: Rent
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Forest Black 42
Adie Black 38
Marchie Black 16
Annie E Black 14
Kennie Black 11
William Black 9
Eula Black 7
Forest Black 6
Clifford Black 2
[2 2/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Justice Precinct 7, Dallas, Texas; Roll: T625_1794; Page: 17A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 420.

1930 United States Federal Census about F C Black
Name: F C Black
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1877
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Precinct 7, Dallas, Texas
Map of Home: View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Addee Black
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
[Tenesse]
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
F C Black 53
Addee Black 49
William Black 19
Annie Black 24
Forest Black 16
Clifford Black 11
Everett Black 8
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 7, Dallas, Texas; Roll: 2322; Page: 50B; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 905.0; FHL microfilm: 2342056.

and is this your ada?

1900 United States Federal Census about R M Black
Name: R M Black
[Adie M Black]
[A M Black]
[R M Sadler]
Age: 21
Birth Date: 1879
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 8, Lamar, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: F C Black
Marriage Year: 1898
Years Married: 2
Father’s Name: Merian Sadler
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: M A Sadler
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother: number of living children: 1
Mother: How many children: 1
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Merian Sadler 43
M A Sadler 40
R M Black 21
F C Black 23
Martha Black 1/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 8, Lamar, Texas; Roll: 1653; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0087; FHL microfilm: 1241653.

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Ada May Black
Name: Ada May Black
Death Date: 17 Jun 1936
Death County: Dallas
Certificate: 30087