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"Jackson Durant & Family"...a photo

John BIscuti John BIscuti

posted on March 6, 2013

I have recently been bit by the genealogy bug and have completely immersed myself in finding out every intimate detail of my family’s history. Many things still remain a mystery, and one is the origin of my supposed “Indian Blood”.

For my whole life (I’m 27) I was told that we were part Native American – Choctaw, specifically – but had no other information. Recently, among my Grandmothers photographs, I made a startling discovery – this faded but wonderful photo, with “Jackson Durant and his family, Choctaw Indians” written on the back. These are apparently my family members.

I was able to find a Jackson Durant on a US Census, with a wife (Nancy) and two children (Rufus & Joe); I have been assuming that this is that family, and that this photo was taken circa 1910.

My Grandmother tells me that this photo belonged to her father, William Larder Burtner (1893-1974), but knows no further information about it.

In the course of my research, I have encountered no link between my family (Burtners, Bullens, Neidigs, and later Biscutis) and anyone named Durant.

I don’t anticipate that i will ever know, but I hope you at least enjoy the photo. It is a treasured family heirloom, whether or not there IS a link. Any help drawing a parallel would be most greatly appreciated.

John

attached:

John BIscuti John BIscuti

posted on March 6, 2013

The 1900 US Census lists Jackson Durant as being born in Mississippi circa 1850, and living in “Township 1, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory” at the time of the 1900 census.

John BIscuti John BIscuti

posted on March 6, 2013

From looking at other posts, I see the name Durant is wildly popular! That will either make this very easy or very difficult.

John BIscuti John BIscuti

posted on March 6, 2013

Another record from Ancestry.com is his “US Native American Enrollment Card For The Five Civilized Tribes 1898-1914”:

Name: Jackson Durant
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1849
Age at Census Enrollment: 53
Enrollment Date: 25 Sep 1902
Tribal Affiliation: Choctaw By Blood
Census Card #: 4087
Dawes’ Roll #: 11441

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 6, 2013

this is that family group on the dawes roll:
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Byington Jackson 0 M 4087 P
Choctaw Byington Robinson 8 M FULL 4087 NR COALGATE BB
Choctaw Byington Julius 12 M FULL 4087 NR COALGATE BB
Choctaw Durant Narcy 35 F FULL 4087 NR COALGATE BB
Choctaw Durant Jackson 50 M FULL 4087 NR COALGATE BB
Choctaw Mehombey 0 M 4087 P
Choctaw Montubbu 0 M 4087 P
Choctaw Pesameyokey 0 F 4087 P

bb=by blood
p=parent

there may also be a creek family group, perhaps related to the creeks by jackson durant’s wife.
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Creek Durant Jackson 0 M 55 P
Creek Durant Sarah 0 F 55 P
Creek Lewis Henry 27 M 55 213 F
Creek Minter Marcus S 0 M 55 P
Creek Minter Coachman 7 M 1/8 55 214 BB
Creek Minter Douglas 10 M 1/8 55 213 BB
Creek Minter John 12 M 1/8 55 212 BB
Creek Minter Rupert 14 M 1/8 55 211 BB
Creek Minter Harry 17 M 1/8 55 210 BB
Creek Minter Mark 20 M 1/8 55 215 BB
Creek Minter Millie 37 F 1/4 55 209 BB
Creek Prince Susan 1 F 55 179 FNB
Creek Prince Rebecca 2 F 55 178 FNB
Creek Prince Hannah 3 F 55 177 FNB
i don’t know what FNB means. might be related to the term NB-newborn

since the nancy on the dawes roll is fullblood choctaw, i think the sarah on the creek tribe card might be a first wife who might have been creek.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php

partial names are ok. ancestry.com and oklahoma historical society can give you the enrollment #’s of the original enrollees that are on the dawes roll. bear in mind that the dawes roll contains applicants to the five major tribes taken 1896-1906 in oklahoma/indian territory. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma. oklahoma became a state in 1907 and before that was known as indian territory.

the 1900 census shows the people who lived in indian territory/oklahoma. there is a federal population schedule which shows people living in non-tribal areas where the majority of the population was not native, and the indian population schedule which covers more native population. there were over a million people living in indian territory/oklahoma in 1900.

other people came to oklahoma because of business opportunities and land rushes.

but i think you are going about this backwards. you should not do genealogy on people who are not in your family tree. first, you need to find the connection FROM your family tree.

you give only one name in your family tree, only the speculation on jackson durant.

if you want to share that photograph, you should send it by email to the oklahoma historical society; rootsweb.com state/county website. there might also be a local genealogy society that would like such a picture.

William Larder Burtner b. 1893 place unknown d. 1974 place unknown, m. unknown female

maybe this is your relative:

1900 United States Federal Census about William L Burtner
Name: William L Burtner
Age: 7
Birth Date: Apr 1893
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1900: Richmond Ward 5, Richmond, New York
[Richmond]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Illinois
Mother’s Birthplace: New York
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Larder 75
May Burtner 36
William L Burtner 7
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Richmond Ward 5, Richmond, New York; Roll: 1154; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 0615; FHL microfilm: 1241154.

Name: May Burtner
Age: 36
Birth Date: Sep 1863
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1900: Richmond Ward 5, Richmond, New York
[Richmond]
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Niece
Marital Status: Widowed
Father’s Birthplace: New York
Mother’s Birthplace: New York

so the choctaw/native blood is unlikely to come from william larder burtner if these birthplaces are accurate. since there is no spouse, we don’t know if any choctaw/native blood came from his spouse. choctaw/cherokee are southeastern tribes, like from MS and AL, and there might be natives as far north as KY. most of the MS/AL natives lived on reservations but most of the natives further north did not live on reservations, so it will be more difficult to establish heritage.

william larder came from england in 1850. we don’t know if may’s parent was william’s brother or sister.

1910 United States Federal Census about Mary Belle
Name: Mary Burtner
[Belle]
Age in 1910: 43
Birth Year: abt 1867
1867
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1910: Richmond Ward 2, Richmond, New York
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Marital Status: Widowed
Father’s Birthplace: France
Mother’s Birthplace: Germany
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mary Belle 43
William L Burtner 17
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Richmond Ward 2, Richmond, New York; Roll: T624_1073; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 1317; FHL microfilm: 1375086.

1920 United States Federal Census about Mary B Bortner
Name: Mary B Bortner
[May B Boatner]
Age: 55
Birth Year: abt 1865
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1920: Richmond Assembly District 2, Richmond, New York
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Mother
Marital Status: Widowed
[Widow]
Father’s Birthplace: New York
Mother’s Birthplace: New York
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William L Bortner 27
Mary B Bortner 55
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Richmond Assembly District 2, Richmond, New York; Roll: T625_1239; Page: 13A; Enumeration District: 1588; Image: 53.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Wilban Larder Burtner
Name: Wilban Larder Burtner
City: Staten Island
County: Richmond
State: New York
Birthplace: New York,United States of America
Birth Date: 6 Apr 1893
Race: Caucasian (White)
Draft Board: 189

U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 about William Larder Burtner
Name: William Larder Burtner
Birth Date: 6 Apr 1893
Birth Place: Brooklyn, New York
Residence: Richmond, New York
Race: White

1930 United States Federal Census about William Burtner
Name: William Burtner
[William Bartner]
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1894
Birthplace: New York
Race: White
Home in 1930: Richmond, Richmond, New York
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Helen Burtner
Father’s Birthplace: Kansas
Mother’s name: Mary Burtner
Mother’s Birthplace: New York
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Burtner 36
Helen Burtner 27
Audrey Burtner 6
June B Burtner 5
John Burtner 2
William Burtner 1
Mary Burtner 70
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Richmond, Richmond, New York; Roll: 1613; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 121; Image: 406.0; FHL microfilm: 2341347.

now this is where it gets interesting. who was his father? do you have a birth certificate or delayed birth certificate for william burtner? see state vital records for that and ask for both documents. william burtner had to show proof of age when he filed his social security application about 1/1/1937 and he would have had to submit those one of those two documents. it says that his father’s birthplace is KS.

1940 United States Federal Census about William Burtner
Name: William Burtner
Age: 46
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1894
Gender: Male
Race: White
Birthplace: New York
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Home in 1940: New York, Richmond, New York
View Map
Street: Beacon Avenue
House Number: 126
Inferred Residence in 1935: New York, Richmond, New York
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Sheet Number: 5B
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 87
Occupation: Clerk
Industry: Us Port Office
House Owned or Rented: Owned
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 5500
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 8th grade
Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 40
Class of Worker: Wage or salary worker in Government work
Weeks Worked in 1939: 52
Income: 2080
Income Other Sources: No
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Burtner 46
Helen Burtner 37
Audrey Burtner 16
June Burtner 15
John Burtner 12
William Burtner 11
Mary Burtner 9
Henry Burtner 7
Helen Burtner 6
Arlene Burtner 4
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: New York, Richmond, New York; Roll: T627_2762; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 43-113.

Social Security Death Index about William L. Burtner
Name: William L. Burtner
SSN: 121-36-0820
Last Residence: 10306 Staten Island, Richmond, New York, United States of America
Born: 6 Apr 1893
Died: 15 Feb 1974
State (Year) SSN issued: New York (1962)

do you have an obituary for him? see your local public library/interlibrary loan program for that. a cemetery record? try findagrave.com or interment.net for that.

this mary larder’s parents both came from england.

1870 United States Federal Census about Mary Larder
Name: Mary Larder
Age in 1870: 12
Birth Year: abt 1858
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1870: Brooklyn Ward 21, Kings, New York
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Brooklyn
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Christopher Larder 38
Susanah Larder 35
Beatrice Larder 15
Mary Larder 12
Edith Larder 6
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Brooklyn Ward 21, Kings, New York; Roll: M593_961; Page: 558B; Image: 634; Family History Library Film: 552460.

i do not know if this mary larder is your mary burtner.

this is on a family tree on ancestry.com:

Birth
1863 Sep
New York

Marriage to Owen Alexander BURTNER
1890 4 Jan Age: 26
Bernalillo, New Mexico, United States

1 source citation

Death
1937 Age: 74
Staten Island, New York, USA

but i don’t know why this record is linked:

Web: Bernalillo County, New Mexico, Marriage Index, 1888-2011 about Owen A Burtner
Name: Owen A Burtner
Birth Place: Albuquerque, NM
Spouse: Florence Jones
Marriage Date: Abt 1910
Marriage Place: Bernalillo, New Mexico, United States

Name: Owen A Burtnes
[Owen A Burtner]
Age in 1910: 49
Birth Year: abt 1861
1861
Birthplace: Iowa
Home in 1910: Albuquerque Ward 4, Bernalillo, New Mexico
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
[Head]
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Mother’s Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Owen A Burtnes 49
Mrs. E B Millett 54
Joseph Rogers White 27
R E Reppley 27
Imogen M Clore 22
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Albuquerque Ward 4, Bernalillo, New Mexico; Roll: T624_913; Page: 19B; Enumeration District: 0014; FHL microfilm: 1374926.

i do not know how owen burtner relates to your family. maybe he was mary/may’s husband.

1870 United States Federal Census about Owen A Burtner
Name: Owen A Burtner
Age in 1870: 9
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: Iowa
Home in 1870: Quincy Ward 6, Adams, Illinois
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Quincy
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Reuben Burtner 43
Mary A Burtner 32
Ida M Burtner 16
Owen A Burtner 9
Clinton A Burtner 6
Sue D Burtner 4
Bessie Burtner 1
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Quincy Ward 6, Adams, Illinois; Roll: M593_187; Page: 669B; Image: 587; Family History Library Film: 545686.

maybe you know. he certainly moved around when he was in the military.

1900 United States Federal Census about Owen A Burtner
Name: Owen A Burtner
Age: 38
Birth Date: Jun 1861
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1900: Allegheny Ward 3, Allegheny, Pennsylvania
[Allegheny]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Boarder
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Mother’s Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Isac Watson 43
Mary Watson 39
William Watson 19
Edward Watson 16
Emma L Watson 4
Elizabeth Watson 64
Reuben Burtner 73
Owen A Burtner 38
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Allegheny Ward 3, Allegheny, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1355; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0026; FHL microfilm: 1241355.

i am not seeing native blood nor southeastern tribe blood in this family tree.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto