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Ruby Odell Born about 1926

Tina Pate Tina Pate

posted on February 17, 2013

My grandmother was Ruby Odell who was born about 1926. I was told she was registered and born on the Choctaw reservation. I am trying to find out about my ancestry. Any help you could give me would be greatly appreciated.

Respectfully,
Tina Pate

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 17, 2013

you should write for the birth certificate or delayed birth certificate from state vital records. if you don’t know where she was born, her death certificate or obituary. when social security went into effect 1/1/1937, they required that people show proof of age. this was usually a delayed birth certificate.

state vital records: death certificate, birth certificate.
obituary: local public library/interlibrary loan program.
social security application, which gives dates, locations, parents’ names: file an SS-5 under the freedom of information act for a deceased person.

1930 United States Federal Census about Ruby F O Dell
Name: Ruby F O Dell
[Ruby F Odell]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1926
[abt 1925]
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Precinct 4, Callahan, Texas
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: Clark B O Dell
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Jewel I O Dell
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Clark B O Dell 23
Jewel I O Dell 20
Ruby F O Dell 4
[4 7/12]
Velma I O Dell 1
[1 9/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 4, Callahan, Texas; Roll: 2304; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 5; Image: 216.0; FHL microfilm: 2342038.

although there are 73 ruby odell records in 1930, this is probably the most likely person.

the trail of tears did not go through texas in the late 1830s but many unofficial migrations from MS/AL did. the trail of tears did go through MO but then you have to look at the father’s family. jewel was b. TX, father b. AL, mother b. TX. she might be MOWA or mississippi choctaw, links in this post.

clark rents a farm. he was born in TX, father b. MO, mother b. MN.

1940 United States Federal Census about Ruby Fay Odell
Name: Ruby Fay Odell
Age: 14
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1926
Gender: Female
Race: White
Birthplace: Texas
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Home in 1940: Callahan, Texas
View Map
Inferred Residence in 1935: Rural, Callahan, Texas
Residence in 1935: Rural, Callahan, Texas
Resident on farm in 1935: Yes
Sheet Number: 3B
Attended School or College: Yes
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 8th grade
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Clark B Odell 33
Jewell Odell 30
Ruby Fay Odell 14
Irene Odell 11
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: , Callahan, Texas; Roll: T627_3997; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 30-4.

1920 United States Federal Census about Jewel Callahan
Name: Jewel Callahan
[Jewell Callahan]
[Jewel Odell]
Age: 11
Birth Year: abt 1909
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Justice Precinct 4, Knox, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Sanford Callahan
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Noma Callahan
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Sanford Callahan 31
Noma Callahan 28
Jewel Callahan 11
Willie Callahan 10
Estelle Callahan 9
Nola Callahan 7
Travis Callahan 5
Homer Callahan 3
[3 3/12]
Odell Callahan 0
[5/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Knox, Texas; Roll: T625_1825; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 158; Image: 1023.

this is interesting. both parents b. AR. AR was on the trail of tears in the late 1830s.

in order to enroll in the choctaw tribe, you need to show that you are directly related to an original member of the tribe. original applicants to the tribe are on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in oklahoma/indian territory. one of the requirements of membership is that they had to live permanently under the authority of the tribe.

1910 United States Federal Census about Sanford Callahan
Name: Sanford Callahan
Age in 1910: 22
Birth Year: 1888
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 4, Jones, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Noma Callahan
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas

1910 United States Federal Census about Noma Callahan
Name: Noma Callahan
Age in 1910: 19
18
Birth Year: abt 1892
1891
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 4, Jones, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Sanford Callahan
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas

1900 United States Federal Census about Noma Williams
Name: Noma Williams
Age: 9
Birth Date: Dec 1890
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 5, Bell, Texas
[Bell]
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: James Williams
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Name: Arna Williams
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James Williams 40
Arna Williams 31
Mary Williams 5
John Williams 13
Willie Williams 11
Noma Williams 9
Frank Williams 7
Walter Williams 5
Oble Williams 2
Roy Williams 10/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 5, Bell, Texas; Roll: 1610; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0025; FHL microfilm: 1241610.

Social Security Death Index about Noma Callahan
Name: Noma Callahan
SSN: 548-36-7689
Last Residence: 93215 Delano, Kern, California, United States of America
Born: 9 Dec 1890
Died: Feb 1974
State (Year) SSN issued: California (Before 1951)

Name: James Williams
Age: 40
Birth Date: Jun 1859
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 5, Bell, Texas
[Bell]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Arna Williams
Marriage Year: 1886
Years Married: 14
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about J A Williams
Name: J A Williams
Gender: Male
Age: 24
Birth Year: abt 1860
Residence: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: Arka D Baker
Spouse’s Gender: Female
Spouse’s Age: 16
Spouse’s Residence: Wileys Countyve, Searcy, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 31 Aug 1884
Marriage License Date: 29 Aug 1884
Marriage County: Searcy
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1031118

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about James A. Williams
Name: James A. Williams
Death Date: 3 Mar 1926
Death County: El Paso
Certificate: 9623

he passed away before social security came into effect, so he wouldn’t have a social security application and may not have a birth certificate. but there might be a death certificate at state vital records.

1900 United States Federal Census about Arna Williams
Name: Arna Williams
[Arka Williams]
Age: 31
Birth Date: Feb 1869
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 5, Bell, Texas
[Bell]
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: James Williams
Marriage Year: 1884
Years Married: 16
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama

if you want to see tribal affiliation, you might be able to trace both james williams and arna/arka’s family back to the 1830-1880 time period and see if there was a choctaw scrip land grant given in lieu of tribal termination. that might help you if the families were MOWA, as the tribe is still trying to get recognition.

you should also look at texas tribes, links in this post.

1880 United States Federal Census about Arkadelphia Baker
Name: Arkadelphia Baker
Age: 12
Birth Year: abt 1868
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1880: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Baker
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Name: Elizabeth Baker
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
William Baker 44
Elizabeth Baker 48
Mary Baker 14
Arkadelphia Baker 12
James Baker 8
Atlas Baker 3
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas; Roll: 56; Family History Film: 1254056; Page: 435D; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 0556.

1870 United States Federal Census about Arkadelpha Baker
Name: Arkadelpha Baker
Age in 1870: 2
Birth Year: abt 1868
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1870: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Marshall
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Wm L Baker 34
Sarah A Baker 30
Ledeltor L Baker 10
Mary M Baker 4
Arkadelpha Baker 2
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas; Roll: M593_64; Page: 73B; Image: 145; Family History Library Film: 545563.

1860 United States Federal Census about William Baker
Name: William Baker
Age in 1860: 24
Birth Year: abt 1836
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1860: Big Flat, Searcy, Arkansas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Big Flat
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
William Baker 24
Sarah Baker 20
Littleton Baker 4/12
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Big Flat, Searcy, Arkansas; Roll: M653_50; Page: 841; Image: 295; Family History Library Film: 803050.

1850 United States Federal Census about Wm L Baker
Name: Wm L Baker
Age: 15
Birth Year: abt 1835
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1850: Broom Town Valley, Chattooga, Georgia
Gender: Male
Family Number: 53
Household Members:
Name Age
Littleton Baker 40
Martha A Baker 37
S E E Baker 13
Wm L Baker 15
James M Baker 10
Martha A Baker 8
Mary Baker 4
Adaline Baker 2
Newton Baker 0
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Broom Town Valley, Chattooga, Georgia; Roll: M432_64; Page: 345A; Image: 251.

Web: Arkansas, Find A Grave Index, 1809-2012 about William Lafayette Baker
Name: William Lafayette Baker
Birth Date: 25 Dec 1835
Age at Death: 66
Death Date: 1 Apr 1902
Burial Place: Wileys Cove, Searcy County, Arkansas, USA
findagrave.com

U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles about William L Baker
Name: William L Baker
Age at enlistment: 28
Enlistment Date: 2 Jan 1864
Rank at enlistment: Sergeant
Enlistment Place: Wiley’s Cove, AR
State Served: Arkansas
Survived the War?: Yes
Service Record: Enlisted in Company K, Arkansas 3rd Cavalry Regiment on 01 Feb 1864.
Birth Date: abt 1836
Death Date: 1 Apr 1902
Death Place: Marshall, AR
Sources: Index to Compiled Military Service Records
3rd Arkansas Union Cavalry – Arkansas Research

if there is a military pension, this might help you with the family genealogy.

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about W L Baker
Name: W L Baker
Gender: Male
Age: 58
Birth Year: abt 1836
Residence: Marshall, Searcy, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: Nancy Ann Kuykendall
Spouse’s Gender: Female
Spouse’s Age: 45
Spouse’s Residence: Leslie, Searcy, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 22 Oct 1894
Marriage License Date: 22 Oct 1894
Marriage County: Searcy
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1031119

1900 United States Federal Census about Nancy Baker
Name: Nancy Baker
[Mary Baker]
Age: 58
Birth Date: Jan 1849
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1900: Marshall, Searcy, Arkansas
[Searcy]
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: William Baker
Marriage Year: 1895
Years Married: 5
Father’s Birthplace: North Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: North Carolina
Mother: number of living children: 0
Mother: How many children: 0
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Baker 68
Nancy Baker 58
Mary Sanders 3
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Marshall, Searcy, Arkansas; Roll: 76; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 0119; FHL microfilm: 1240076.

1850 United States Federal Census about Sarah A Brown
Name: Sarah A Brown
Age: 9
Birth Year: abt 1841
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1850: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas
Gender: Female
Family Number: 284
Household Members:
Name Age
John S Redmon 43
Mary Redmon 40
Nancy Jane Brown 15
Gordon Brown 12
Sarah A Brown 9
Mary F Redmon 3
John L Redmon 1
Nancy Bowlin 35
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas; Roll: M432_30; Page: 183A; Image: 367.

Name: John S Redmon
Age: 43
Birth Year: abt 1807
Birthplace: South Carolina
Home in 1850: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas

1850 United States Federal Census about Mary Redmon
Name: Mary Redmon
Age: 40
Birth Year: abt 1810
Birthplace: Kentucky
Home in 1850: Wileys Cove, Searcy, Arkansas

you will have to check reservations in SC and KY.

1930 United States Federal Census about James A Williams
Name: James A Williams
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: Arkansas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Merkel, Taylor, Texas
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Arka D Williams
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Kentucky
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James A Williams 69
Arka D Williams 61
Everet G Williams 26
Oba Williams 19
Olan Williams 21
Willie Williams 20
Grady Williams 0
[6/12]
Marie Williams 1
[1 3/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Merkel, Taylor, Texas; Roll: 2400; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 25; Image: 105.0; FHL microfilm: 2342134.

it is apparent that the families have been living off-reservations for many years. if they had been living on-reservation, they would be on native census records.

California, Death Index, 1940-1997 about Sanford J Callahan
Name: Sanford J Callahan
Social Security #: 545440118
Gender: Male
Birth Date: 29 Mar 1886
Birth Place: Arkansas
Death Date: 3 Jul 1965
Death Place: Kern

1900 United States Federal Census about Sanford Calahan
Name: Sanford Calahan
[Sanford Callahan]
Age: 12
Birth Date: Mar 1888
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 2, McLennan, Texas
[McLennan]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: George Calahan
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
George Calahan 37
Nora Calahan 15
Sanford Calahan 12
Vallana Calahan 8
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 2, McLennan, Texas; Roll: 1656; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 0082; FHL microfilm: 1241656.

Name: G. G. Callahan
Death Date: 25 Dec 1934
Death County: Taylor
Certificate: 56970

this is a task you can do, now that you know who was in each family in 1900.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
search for the name, partial names are ok.
when you find a potential match, click on the # in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family because the names match, then you can request the dawes package from:
fold3.com online subscription website. one month’s subscription is less than the price of a dawes package from NARA or oklahoma historical society.

check the guide on the dawes roll link so that you know what the abbreviations mean.

MCR=mississippi choctaw refused. mississippi choctaw were mostly not enrolled but the heritage information in the dawes packet might be helpful to you to show tribal affiliation.

once you have a family group #, you can check the oklahoma historical society to see if they were enrolled. if there is no entry for the people in the family, it means that they were not enrolled.

some families were enrolled later, by lawsuit. i don’t have any information on that.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to

give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married

name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your

parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after

1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate,

and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery

information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a

child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the

death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you

where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the

1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by

census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage

quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied

for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at

NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database

for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price

is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes

packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index

informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you

can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or

ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death.

approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a

relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a

birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security

came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every

10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census

records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native

census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment

because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or

4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth,

birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants

to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family

group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the

enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the

oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for

your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be

living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in

that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma

records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several

tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to

a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final

Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The

tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out

more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve

some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages

through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not

found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these

documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe

of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for

enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around

1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your

relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land.

this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw

scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so

you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the

state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards

that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw

resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto