Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Owen and Long families

Lisa Lisa

posted on February 13, 2013

Hello! For many years I have been trying to find my great-grandmother’s parents. She was half Choctaw. Her son, my grandfather, is listed on the Dawes roll as John Owens. Her name was Elizabeth Ann (Long) Owen. Her husband was Solomon G Owen.
If anyone has any information to share, it would be greatly appreciated.

Thank you!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 13, 2013 and updated on February 13, 2013

there are several john owens records on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. but you didn’t give any dates, locations, spouse for john. i didn’t see a record where a john owens had parents named elizabeth or solomon owen/owens.

there are some solomon owen/owens records but none with a wife elizabeth or a son john.

it is important to do your genealogy to 1900-1930 so that you know the location of your ancestors, family members, approximate dates. once you know that your family was living in indian territory/oklahoma in 1900, then you can go to the dawes roll and see if that family group had applied for enrollment. if your family was living elsewhere, they probably didn’t apply for enrollment in a tribe in oklahoma.

the dawes roll contains the names of the applicants to the five major tribes of oklahoma. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma and location is an important factor in tribal affiliation.

owens is a common surname. and the first names are also common.

this is the # of john owen/owens records in oklahoma/indian territory in the federal census.

Census & Voter Lists 387
98 1930 United States Federal Census
89 1940 United States Federal Census
81 1920 United States Federal Census
79 1910 United States Federal Census
35 1900 United States Federal Census
» View all 387 results

looking on family trees, i am finding a couple of family trees but they don’t have many sources of information listed.

John P Owen
Birth 15 Mar 1872 in Danville, Morgan, Alabama, United States
Death 22 Aug 1961 in Hugo, Choctaw, Oklahoma, United States

since he was born in AL well after the trail of tears, he might be mississippi choctaw or MOWA tribe.

1930 United States Federal Census about John P Owen
Name: John P Owen
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1872
Birthplace: Alabama
Race: White
Home in 1930: Mountain Park, Kiowa, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Mary A Owen
Father’s Birthplace: United States
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi


Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John P Owen 58
Mary A Owen 40
Viola L Owen 18
In* O Owen 16
Cecil P Owen 10
Margarette E Owen 8
John P Owen 3
[3 8/12]
Dorthy L Owen 1
[1 6/12
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Mountain Park, Kiowa, Oklahoma; Roll: 1910; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 293.0; FHL microfilm: 2341644.

Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997 about Viola L Owen
Name: Viola L Owen
Date of Birth: 25 Jul 1911
Birth County: Henderson
Certificate Number: 30936
Roll Number: 1911_0009

one of the requirements for enrollment is that the applicant must be permanently living on the reservation by 1900.

1920 United States Federal Census about Viola Owen
Name: Viola Owen
[Viola Cuen]
Age: 8
Birth Year: abt 1912
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Ratliffe, Choctaw, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John P Owen
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Name: Mary Owen
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John P Owen 47
Mary Owen 28
Viola Owen 8
Opel Owen 6
Cesil P Owen 0
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Ratliffe, Choctaw, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1456; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 76; Image: 366.
john owen is a farmer, rents a farm. so he probably didn’t get an allotment as a member of a tribe.

Web: Oklahoma, Find A Grave Index, 1834-2011 about Jonathon Pickett Owen
Name: Jonathon Pickett Owen
Birth Date: 15 Mar 1872
Age at Death: 89
Death Date: 19 Aug 1961
Burial Place: Rattan, Pushmataha County, Oklahoma, USA

1880 United States Federal Census about Johnie Owens
Name: Johnie Owens
Age: 7
Birth Year: abt 1873
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1880: Beat 3, Morgan, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Solomon Owens
Father’s Birthplace: Alabama
Mother’s Name: Elizabeth Owens
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Solomon Owens 30
Elizabeth Owens 28
Mary E. Owens 9
Johnie Owens 7
Edlee Owens 5
Solomon A. Owens 1
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Beat 3, Morgan, Alabama; Roll: 27; Family History Film: 1254027; Page: 89C; Enumeration District: 265; Image: 0477.

1910 United States Federal Census about Soloman G Owens
Name: Soloman G Owens
Age in 1910: 61
Birth Year: 1849
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 5, Navarro, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Bettie E Owens
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Soloman G Owens 61
Bettie E Owens 59
Henry D Owens 23
Mattie Owens 19
Louis Owens 0
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 5, Navarro, Texas; Roll: T624_1580; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 0093; ; FHL microfilm: 1375593.

Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800-1969 about Solomon S Owen
Name: Solomon S Owen
Spouse: Elizabeth Long
Marriage Date: 1 Mar 1869
County: Lawrence
State: Alabama
Performed by Name: S S Long.
Comments: (COLORED)
Source information: Jordan Dodd, Liahona Research
try the county clerk.

1870 United States Federal Census about Solomon Owens
Name: Solomon Owens
Age in 1870: 21
Birth Year: abt 1849
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1870: Subdivision 35, Morgan, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Decatur
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Solomon Owens 21
Betty Owens 17
Elizabeth Owens 4/12
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Subdivision 35, Morgan, Alabama; Roll: M593_32; Page: 112B; Image: 592; Family History Library Film: 545531.

1850 United States Federal Census about Solomon Owens
Name: Solomon Owens
Age: 35
Birth Year: abt 1815
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1850: District 8, Lawrence, Alabama
Gender: Male
Family Number: 41
Household Members:
Name Age
Solomon Owens 35
Mary Owens 29
William Owens 5
Corrnelus Owens 2
Solomon Owens 1
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: District 8, Lawrence, Alabama; Roll: M432_8; Page: 367B; Image: 10.

Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800-1969 about Mary Ann Wiley
Name: Mary Ann Wiley
Spouse: Solomon Owen
Marriage Date: 30 Dec 1844
County: Lawrence
State: Alabama
Performed By Title: Justice of the Peace
Performed by Name: Thomas Sparks
Source information: Jordan Dodd, Liahona Research

from another person’s family tree:
solomon g. owen
1880 Age: 31
Beat 3, Morgan, Alabama, United States

1 source citation

1900 Age: 51
Justice Precinct 5, Navarro, Texas

1 source citation

1910 Age: 61
Justice Precinct 5, Navarro, Texas

1 source citation

1914 8 Oct Age: 65
Blooming Grove, Navarro Co. TX.

Elizabeth Ann Long
Birth 13 Apr 1851 in Moulton, Lawerence Co. AL.
Death 10 Jun 1936 in Blooming Grove, Navarro Co. TX.


Henry Long
Birth 1818 in White, Tennessee, United States
Death 1870 in Buchanan, Missouri, United States

Martha Baker
Birth 1820 in Tennessee, United States


George Long 1790 – 1840 Elizabeth Kettering 1794 – 1883

Spouse & Children

Martha Baker 1820 – S. D. Long 1836 – Mary Long 1839 – Andrew Long 1842 – Hiram Long 1845 – Henry Long 1848 – Elizabeth Ann Long 1851 – 1936

all children in the long family were b. AL.

bear in mind, that the family trees may not have good documentation. so you should collect your own documentation.

1850 United States Federal Census about Hiram Long
Name: Hiram Long
Age: 5
Birth Year: abt 1845
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1850: District 8, Lawrence, Alabama
Gender: Male
Family Number: 799
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Long 36
Elizabeth Long 37
S D Long 14
Mary Long 11
Andrew Long 8
Hiram Long 5
Henry Long 3
Elizabeth Long 0
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: District 8, Lawrence, Alabama; Roll: M432_8; Page: 422B; Image: 123.

this family tree has henry long dying in AL and MO. so you will have to resolve that.

i didn’t find an 1860 record and they probably lived in AL, maybe lawrence county since elizabeth ann long married in 1869 in AL. but there might be a misspelling of the names.

i didn’t find an 1870 census record for the family. but if the head of household passed away, and since the children were old enough to establish homes of their own, the family might have naturally not been living together.

if you look for those missing census records, you can spend time and probably find them.

if natives were living on-reservation, they are not on the federal census because they are untaxed. if they were living on-reservation, they can be found on native census records, see the accessgenealogy link and look at the native census and native databases/rolls on the left menu.

if they were living off-reservation, they are on the federal census.

you can look for a land record called choctaw scrip. has two databases called “mississippi land records” and “alabama land records” that have choctaw scrip land records and homestead records where people paid the government for land. look for land given to the head of household 1830-1880. you might have to look at township maps to figure out whether it could have been your relative’s transaction, especially since the names are common. some natives accepted choctaw scrip land in lieu of tribal enrollment. this would at least give you an indication of tribe and you should get a copy of the land documents from NARA

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto