Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Family Member Gary Clay Rogers

Dennis Barwick Dennis Barwick

posted on February 3, 2013

I am searching for information on the family of Gary Clay Rogers. He was born approx. 1953. The information I have shows that he is from TX. My son is the biological grandchild of Gary Rogers. There is another child as well. When I was going through the adoption process, the biological father said that HE was a member of the Choctaw tribe. With the Tribes approval, we were allowed to go forward with the adoption. Only afterward did we find out that there was no proof of tribal membership. Nonetheless, I gave my word to the Tribe that my son would know his ancestry. Now, we are reaching out to anyone who may be able to help us find information to get my son and his brother connected to their Choctaw heritage. I wish I could provide more information, but we have limited access to the information. Again, his name is Gary Clay Rogers; he married Patricia Ann Francisco in 1972, in Ector TX. Thanks in advance for any help provided.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 3, 2013

this is fairly recent time period.

the us census can help you 1900-1940. the 1950 census will be public in 2022, 72 years after it was taken.

some people might have been ineligible to be an enrolled member of a tribe but yet be affiliated with the tribe. you should check any tribes that are near to the family 1900-1940.

he could be mississippi choctaw or associated with another choctaw tribe. he could be associated with a texas tribe. the choctaw is made up of associated bands of natives. so they can be choctaw and belong to an associated band of natives that might not have migrated on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s. the mississippi choctaw generally migrated unofficially later.

gary clay rogers
Birth: Sep. 20, 1952
Death: Oct. 2, 1978

Family links:
John Robert Rogers (1926 – 1994)
Omega Rogers (1926 – 1961)

Coalgate Cemetery
Coal County
Oklahoma, USA
this is on

Social Security Death Index about Gary Rogers
Name: Gary Rogers
SSN: 585-42-8707
Born: 20 Sep 1952
Died: Oct 1978
State (Year) SSN issued: New Mexico (1966)

you can try an obituary. see your local public library/interlibrary loan program. you can find out if you can request a death certificate from state vital records.

john robert rogers:
Birth: Aug. 18, 1926
Death: Feb. 3, 1994

Family links:
Omega Rogers (1926 – 1961)*

Children: Gary Clay Rogers (1952 – 1978)*

*Calculated relationship

Coalgate Cemetery
Coal County
Oklahoma, USA

omega rogers:
Birth: Apr. 3, 1926
Death: Nov. 26, 1961

Family links:
John Robert Rogers (1926 – 1994)

Children: Gary Clay Rogers (1952 – 1978)*

*Calculated relationship

Coalgate Cemetery
Coal County
Oklahoma, USA

Name: Gary C Rogers
Gender: Male
Marriage Date: 8 Jul 1972
Birth Year: abt 1953
Age: 19
Spouse: Patricia A Francisco
Spouse Gender: Female
Spouse Birth Year: abt 1955
Spouse Age: 17
Marriage County: Ector
Marriage State: Texas
Source: Texas Marriage Index, 1966-2002

U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989 (Beta) about Omega Rogers
Name: Omega Rogers
Gender: F (Female)
Residence Year: 1960
Residence Place: Carlsbad, New Mexico
Spouse: John R Rogers
Publication Title: Carlsbad, New Mexico, City Directory, 1960

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2)

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Dennis Barwick Dennis Barwick

posted on February 20, 2013

Thank you for your time and the information you provided me. I truly appreciate it. I will save your email for later use. It is funny that my son had a school assignment due today in which he had to write a story about Native American life in the 1800’s. His first thought was to “be” Cherokee because my family heritage includes Cherokee linage. I suggested that he research the Choctaw, because that is his true line. A lot was learned about the Choctaw last night, I just wish he wasn’t limited to only sharing their triumphs and struggles during the 1800’s. Thanks again for the information. Have a nice day.

john paul rogers john paul rogers

posted on February 25, 2013

My name is John Paul Rogers and I am the child of Gary Clay Rogers . my father died when I was five years old and I would like to speak to you very soon . Call me any time or e-mail me at God Bless you and my your family Mr. Barwick.Cell number is (907)744-0993.

Iohn Robert Rogers Jr. Iohn Robert Rogers Jr.

posted on February 25, 2013

I’m older brother of Gary Clay Rogers, John Paul directed me to you, John Paul has spent over half of his adult life in Jail (drugs) recently released crossing fingers he can make good choices at this time in his life. he lives in Anchorage, AK. I’m in regular contact with him. This is the first time he has shared information about having or giving up his sons, I am aware of two other childen (Girls). Thank you for being a father that all kids need, and your interest in his Indain linage. Myself or my sister would be happy to help. Johnna G Rogers,

The Dawes Indain roll # starts with his GGG grandmother Mary Pebworth—-GG grandfather Thomas Jefferson Pebworth 1901-1970—- G Grandmother Omega Naoma Pebworth 1926-1961—-grandfather Gary Clay Rogers 1952-1978 —-John Paul Rogers:
These birth Cert. Starting with Thomas Jefferson Pebworth along with his adoption Cert. would allow your son and his brother to apply for Certificate of Degree of Indain Blood.
Our linage is traced back to the tears of trail when three Pebwoth brothers came from England two traveled the with the Indains settling into Indain life and marrying Indain women in Miss. area, A son from this marriage relocated to Oklahoma Indain Nation had two marriages/familys in Oklahoma (T.J. Pebworth was born in one) then, his name was Henry Pebworth relocated back to Alabama had another family and is buried their. When He relocated to Alabama it was to an Indain land allotment his father had applied for before he was killed during a hunting trip in Ark. at which time Henry was about 13, and was raised by Ark. Indains before going to Oklahoma.
John R Rogers

john paul rogers john paul rogers

posted on February 26, 2013

thank you for the info uncle J.B . Kayse and Emily are seeking as well as Jarod Clay Rogers . All this is being picked Up by the oldest daughter of John P. Rogers(Kayse Rogers-Cartwright ) who is with child and continuing the Rogers family line. She is in direct contact with Jarod and Emily Rogers. God Bless and thanks for responding to Mr Barwick, and helping my adopted son find his self.

Kayse Cartwright (Rogers) Kayse Cartwright (Rogers)

posted on February 26, 2013

I am the daughter of John Paul Rogers, and the grand daughter of Gary Clay Rogers. If there is anything I can do to help please contact me and let me know. Id love to get to know these brothers of mine and help out as much as I can with any questions or if they would just like to get to know their sister. MY younger sister and I had suspicions about other sibling when we were younger and started looking we found Jared and also heard rumors of these two boys you speak of. I hope to hear from yall soon. I know my younger sister will be greatful aswell. 318-771-0891

Kayse Cartwright (Rogers) Kayse Cartwright (Rogers)

posted on February 26, 2013

I am the daughter of John Paul Rogers, and the grand daughter of Gary Clay Rogers. If there is anything I can do to help please contact me and let me know. Id love to get to know these brothers of mine and help out as much as I can with any questions or if they would just like to get to know their sister. MY younger sister and I had suspicions about other sibling when we were younger and started looking we found Jared and also heard rumors of these two boys you speak of. I hope to hear from yall soon. I know my younger sister will be greatful aswell. 318-771-0891

john paul rogers john paul rogers

posted on February 27, 2013