Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation


frankie frankie

posted on December 18, 2012 and updated on December 18, 2012

Hi i am looking for information .
I have always have been told my grandmother was Jena choctaw but she was not registered .
I looked on the dawes role their is alot of Frazier’s but I don’t know how to tell if any are family any help would be appricated

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 19, 2012

first thing you should do is read about the dawes roll. it was taken in the state of oklahoma/indian territory 1896-1906 and contains the names of the applicants to the five major tribes. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma and many tribes in other states.

since your family didn’t live in oklahoma 1896-1906, it is doubtful that they applied to a tribe in oklahoma.

tribal enrollment and tribal affiliation at two different topics.

you should look to where your family lived 1830-1930 time period and then look for tribes that were located near where they lived. it is possible that your family didn’t qualify for membership in a tribe.

no years or location in that post.

i don’t have information about them however i do have links that i use to find information.

these are common names. no children in your post.

this family record is on the internet. you should contact anyone who posts about your family, trade information and sources.

53. JAMES A.4 FRAZIER (JOHN MICHAEL3, ISAAC2, ISAAC1)124 was born March 26, 1851 in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana125, and died November 15, 1949 in Henderson County, Texas125. He married (1) MARY JANE ADAMS125 February 17, 1872126. She was born November 12, 1850127, and died August 19, 1884 in Henderson County, Texas127. He married (2) ROSETTA CANZADA MORTON128,129 January 07, 1885130, daughter of DRURY MORTON and MARY HALLMARK. She was born April 25, 1864 in Blount County, Alabama130,131, and died May 25, 1941 in Henderson County, Texas132.

James Frazier (Jim) took his family to Texas in 1875 and settled in Mance, Texas. It is now known as the Cottonwood Community, located six miles from Eustace, Texas.

Burial: Cottonwood Cemetery, Henderson County, Texas133

Burial: Cottonwood Cemetery, Athens, Texas

Children of JAMES FRAZIER and MARY ADAMS are:
i. CHARLIE5 FRAZIER134, b. December 31, 1872134; d. February 01, 1886, Henderson County, Texas134.
Died of self-inflicted gunshot wound. It is not known if it was an accident or not.

Burial: Cottonwood Cemetery, Athens, Texas
ii. PAULINE FRAZIER134, b. October 30, 1874134; d. September 19, 1876, Henderson County, Texas134.

110. iii. EDGAR FRAZIER, b. December 30, 1876; d. April 21, 1969, Pollock, Grant, Louisiana.
111. iv. CORA FRAZIER, b. February 09, 1880; d. September 19, 1968, Dallas, Texas.
112. v. JIM FRAZIER, b. August 19, 1883; d. September 16, 1955, Lubbock, Texas.

113. vi. LELA PEARL5 FRAZIER, b. November 01, 1885, Henderson County, Texas; d. February 20, 1973.
114. vii. JOHN HOMER FRAZIER, b. December 08, 1887, Henderson County, Texas; d. November 20, 1973.
115. viii. MARY BELL FRAZIER, b. January 06, 1890; d. March 27, 1975.
116. ix. DELIA FRAZIER, b. June 26, 1893; d. January 20, 1979, Altoona, Alabama.
117. x. ETTA AMARINTHA FRAZIER, b. April 12, 1896, Henderson County, Texas; d. March 01, 1991, Coleman, Texas.
118. xi. HARPER DREWIE FRAZIER, b. April 08, 1899, Henderson County, Texas; d. October 10, 1975, Bethel, Henderson, Texas.
xii. GROVER ELBERT FRAZIER135, b. February 07, 1902135; d. October 21, 1990; m. GRACE ROBERSON, March 11, 1927; b. December 17, 1906.
xiii. THURMAN FRAZIER135, b. January 31, 1905135; d. May 20, 1908.

i don’t see any reference to oklahoma in that family tree. you should try the jena choctaw tribe and TX tribes, links in this post.

Louisiana Marriages, 1718-1925 about Mary Jane Adams
Name: Mary Jane Adams
Spouse: James Frazer
Marriage Date: 17 Feb 1872
Marriage Place: Catahoula

22. JOHN MICHAEL3 FRAZIER (ISAAC2, ISAAC1)80,81 was born October 26, 1813, and died March 05, 1898. He married AMARINTHA ELIZABETH GIBSON82,83 July 11, 1842. She was born January 28, 1825, and died August 12, 1906.

Burial: Frazier Cemetery, Rogers, LaSalle Parish, Louisiana

Burial: Frazier Cemetery, Rogers, LaSalle Parish, Louisiana

50. i. ELIZA JANE4 FRAZIER, b. October 19, 1844; d. April 29, 1920.
51. ii. MICHAEL JEFFERSON FRAZIER, b. December 07, 1846; d. February 16, 1939.
52. iii. BARBARA JANE FRAZIER, b. April 15, 1849; d. April 08, 1879.
53. iv. JAMES A. FRAZIER, b. March 26, 1851, LaSalle Parish, Louisiana; d. November 15, 1949, Henderson County, Texas.
v. ISAAC FRANKLIN FRAZIER83, b. March 18, 1853; d. October 11, 1877.
Apparently did not marry.

54. vi. STEPHEN LACROIX FRAZIER, b. January 19, 1855; d. October 19, 1940.
55. vii. ROXANNA ELIZABETH FRAZIER, b. March 05, 1857; d. Abt. 1910.
56. viii. MARY FRAZIER, b. July 08, 1859; d. Abt. 1878.
ix. ARARINTHA ROSE FRAZIER83, b. December 07, 1861; m. (1) THOMAS LEONARD SMITH, December 25, 1878; m. (2) JAMES HARP, July 22, 1885.
x. SARAH EMELINE FRAZIER83, b. March 29, 1863; m. JOHN WOOD SCOTT, June 01, 1886.
57. xi. JOHN WILLIAM FRAZIER, b. August 29, 1865; d. December 03, 1934.
58. xii. HARPER GRAY FRAZIER, b. November 27, 1869; d. October 24, 1920.

the downside is that i couldn’t find much information about this family in census records.

1880 United States Federal Census about Harper G. Frazier
Name: Harper G. Frazier
Age: 10
Birth Year: abt 1870
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1880: 6th Ward, Catahoula, Louisiana
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Mike Frazier
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Name: Elizabeth A. Frazier
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farm Laborer
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Mike Frazier 67
Elizabeth A. Frazier 56
Stephen L. Frazier 24
Emaline L. Frazier 17
John W. Frazier 13
Harper G. Frazier 10
Rosa A. Smith 19
Hariet A. Flarity 11
Lucy Flarity 9
Ana L. Flarity 4
Michel Flarity 1
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: 6th Ward, Catahoula, Louisiana; Roll: 451; Family History Film: 1254451; Page: 199C; Enumeration District: 007; Image: 0194.

1880 United States Federal Census about James Frazier
Name: James Frazier
Age: 30
Birth Year: abt 1850
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1880: Athens, Henderson, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Frazier
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
James Frazier 30
Frazier 27
Charley Frazier 7
Edgar Frazier 5
Frazier 6m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Athens, Henderson, Texas; Roll: 1310; Family History Film: 1255310; Page: 122C; Enumeration District: 031; .

1880 United States Federal Census about Frazier
Name: Frazier
Age: 27
Birth Year: abt 1853
Birthplace: Louisiana

there were living off-reservation. if they were living on reservation, they would not have been taxed and would be on native census records. but since they lived off-reservation, they won’t be on native census records.

charley and edgar were b. LA but the baby was b. TX.

you can correct the ancestry name index so that others can find your family.

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about James Frazier
Name: James Frazier
Death Date: 15 Nov 1949
Death County: Henderson
Certificate: 62169

you might be confusing heritage and tribal enrollment. location is a major factor in tribal affiliation.

this book might help you.
E. W. McDonald, The LaCroix Descendants 1611 -1991 From France Via Quebec to Central Louisiana, (Published by E. W. McDonald, 5313 Spaatz Ave. Orlando, FL 32839; Copyright 1992), Page 49.
you might be able to read a copy through your local public library/interlibrary loan program.

i think ararinth, in john michael frazier’s family, might be amarintha.

1860 United States Federal Census about James Frazer
Name: James Frazer
[James Frazier]
Age in 1860: 9
Birth Year: abt 1851
Birthplace: Louisiana
Home in 1860: Pine Woods, Catahoula, Louisiana
Gender: Male
Post Office: White Sulphur Springs
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
M Frazer 46
Amarintha Frazer 36
Michael Frazer 13
Barbary Frazer 11
James Frazer 9
Isaac Frazer 7
Stephen Frazer 5
Elizabeth Frazer 3
Mary Frazer 1
A K Gomes 60
J Gorden 25
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Pine Woods, Catahoula, Louisiana; Roll: M653_410; Page: 536; Image: 112; Family History Library Film: 803410.

i don’t know if this is your relative. if it is, he probably lied about his age. check where this unit was recruited from, whether there are any other records. the 1890 substitute census is about veterans and maybe there is a record for him, if the military knew where he was living in 1890. look at whether he was marking that he was a veteran in the census records. check his headstone or cemetery record as many military veterans had some notation.

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about James A. Frazier
Name: James A. Frazier
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Louisiana
Regiment Name: 28 (Gray’s) Louisiana Inf.
Regiment Name Expanded: 28th Regiment, Louisiana Infantry (Gray’s)
Company: I
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M378 roll 10

Web: Texas, Find A Grave Index, 1836-2011 about Thurman Frazer
Name: Thurman Frazer
Birth Date: 31 Jan 1905
Age at Death: 3
Death Date: 20 May 1908
Burial Place: Eustace, Henderson County, Texas, USA

check for many of these cemetery records.

Rites Slated For James Frazier, 98 Cottonwood PioneerJames Frazier, 98, died at his home in the Cottonwood community Tuesday after a long illness.Mr. Frazier was a pioneer of the Cottonwood Community settling there in 1877. He lived in this community for the remainder of his life. He was a member of the Eustace Methodist Church, and at the time of his death, was a retired farmer.He is survived by five sone, G. E. of Cottonwood, H. D. of Athens, Homer of Houston, J. A. of Lubbock, and Edgar of Pollock, La.; five daughters, Mrs. C. N. Ballard of Gouldbusk, Mrs. A. G. Graham of Cottonwood, Mrs. L.D. Dillard of Altoonie, Alabama, Mrs. L. D. Graham of Cleveland, Mrs. Bell Tyler of Mesquite, and a number of grandchildren.Graveside funeral services were held at 2:00 p.m. Wednesday at the Cottonwood Cemetery.The Hassell-Foster Funeral Home will be in charge of arrangements.Athens Review November 17,1949*Cemetery records Henderson County b. Mar 26,1851 d. Nov 15,1949

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:
many freedmen links on this webpage:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto