natives living on reservation were in the native census records because they were not taxed. they are not in the federal census records. arkansas territory included indian territory in the 1800’s. indian territory was sometimes referred to as oklahoma and arkansas territory. oklahoma became a state in 1907.
this is a common name, however i cannot find that he applied to one of the five major tribes in oklahoma 1896-1906.
i do see some goforths on the dawes roll, but i don’t know if they are related or not.
i also see some criminal records under goforth for fort smith. NARA has these.
Ft Smith Criminal Records Results
Total Records: 5 Last First Charge Year Jacket Aka Etal Unk
Goforth General Counterfeit 1870 78 G163
Goforth James Larceny 1891 247 G163
Goforth Jim Larceny 1891 324 E G163
Goforth Silas Larceny 1885 78 G163
Goforth Thomas Larceny 1879 78 G163
go here, look at the menu on the left. look for databases and rolls and native census records. see if any of your relatives were listed there.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma and location is a major factor in tribal affiliation, so look for a nearby tribe. there are some resources for this in this post.
there are others researching this family on ancestry.com and probably rootsweb.com. you should contact people who are researching your family, trade information and resources.
1900 United States Federal Census about Robert B Goforth
Name: Robert B Goforth
Birth Date: abt 1865
Home in 1900: Township 4, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Jane Goforth
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Robert B Goforth 35
Jane Goforth 26
Lena Goforth 6
Curtis Goforth 4
Bertice Goforth 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 4, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; ; Enumeration District: 0094; FHL microfilm: 1241851.
lena was b. indian territory, so they have been living there at least 6 years.
rita jane goforth was b. AR and it appears that they were married in AR.
Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about R J Hargraves
Name: R J Hargraves
Birth Year: abt 1873
Residence: Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Spouse’s Name: R G Goforth
Spouse’s Gender: Male
Spouse’s Age: 24
Spouse’s Residence: Cameron, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Marriage Date: 20 Nov 1892
Marriage License Date: 17 Nov 1892
Marriage County: Sebastian
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1034043
robert’s middle name might be bluford.
but this appears to be a different robert goforth:
1910 United States Federal Census about Bluford Goforth
Name: Bluford Goforth
Age in 1910: 40
Birth Year: abt 1870
Home in 1910: Cravens, Latimer, Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Angie Goforth
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Bluford Goforth 40
Angie Goforth 22
Lena Goforth 16
Curtis Goforth 14
Burtice Goforth 12
Gye Goforth 7
Florence Goforth 5
Garvin Goforth 0
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Cravens, Latimer, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1257; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0132; ; FHL microfilm: 1375270.
you will have to resolve this.
the children in 1900 do appear to be the same as the 1910 census record.
you can also see that we have different birthplaces in the 1900 and 1910 census. this gives you additional places to look.
1920 United States Federal Census about Florence Goforth
Name: Florence Goforth
Birth Year: abt 1906
Home in 1920: Ti, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: R B Goforth
Father’s Birthplace: Kansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
R B Goforth 53
Guy Goforth 16
Florence Goforth 14
Carvin Goforth 11
Henry Goforth 4
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Ti, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1484; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 222; Image: 600.
and here is another birthplace.
do you have a death certificate for robert goforth? a cemetery record? an obituary?
death certificate might be available from oklahoma vital records. cemetery record might be on findagrave.com or interment.net. rootsweb also has location records, such as state/county, and they often list cemetery records.
obituaries might be in historical newspapers for the area. see the local public library/interlibrary loan program or state historical society or state archives for these.
there are several researchers on ancestry.com, some with pictures of him.
Robert Blueford Goforth
Birth may 1865 in Arkansas, USA
Death 16 Dec 1935 in Snow, Pushmataha, Oklahoma, United States
Andrew J Goforth 1818 – 1882
Lydia Stuart 1824 – 1870
Margaret Goforth1846 –
Angelina Goforth1848 –
Nancy Goforth1850 –
Cecelia Goforth1853 –
John Goforth1854 –
James F Goforth1856 – 1923
Martha Goforth1860 – 1929
William B Goforth1862 – 1909
Mary Goforth1865 –
Dora Goforth1872 –
from what i can see, the documentation for the family is very light. it is possible that people only considered online sources. as you can see, online sources conflict, so i would encourage you to resolve them.
Andrew J Goforth
Birth 1818 in North Carolina, United States
Death 1882 in Cameron, Le Flore, Oklahoma, United States
Isaac Goforth 1786 – 1870
Sarah Clements 1759 – 1842
Isacc GOFORTH1786 – 1870
Cornelius Goforth1809 – 1863
Margaret Elizabeth Goforth1810 – 1895
daughter Goforth1810 –
Nancy Goforth1812 – 1880
James Preston Goforth1819 – 1870
Sarah Matilda Goforth1824 – 1880
Birth 1824 in Tennessee, United States
Death 1870 in Sulphur, Sebastian, Arkansas, United States
Tennessee, United States
2 source citations
Marriage to Andrew J Goforth
Tennessee, United States
Subdivision 23, McMinn, Tennessee
1 source citation
Sulphur, Sebastian, Arkansas, United States
1 source citation
Sulphur, Sebastian, Arkansas, United States
if the family were living that far north, it is unlikely that they were living on a native reservation for many years. they could have been living in a native community. state archives, state historical societies may have more information. as i have said, location is a major factor in affiliation.
genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.
start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.
obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
social security application for a deceased person:
your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.
bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory
first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.
for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.
applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.
when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.
even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.
the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.
the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.
history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.
helpful information about tribal enrollment
many freedmen links on this webpage: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.
if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov
the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online
and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.
75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.
the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.
about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:
mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
other choctaw tribes:
chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.
types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.
Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.
always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.
check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.
if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.
this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.
there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.
if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.
the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.
this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.
good advice about native research:
if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.
this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.
these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.
i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, email@example.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.
i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.
suzanne hamlet shatto