Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Mingo/Apushim Pushmataha

David L Parrish David L Parrish

posted on September 13, 2012 and updated on September 15, 2012

I just found out that Mingo/Apushim Pushmataha was my 5th great grandfather and I am trying to find all the information about him and any realtives I may still have. I am related to Mary “Running Deer” Shacklefoot as well. Any help would be appriecated. I am trying to make sure my kids know where they come from and even if its a slight line I want them to be proud of their Native American lineage.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 14, 2012

there are no years or locations in this post. it would be better to start trying to accumulate records from a nearer time period and then this will give you clues to parents, fix the family to a location and date.

you could build a heritage book for your family.
this lady does excellent genealogy.

mary shacklefoot is not known to me and there are no dates or locations or children or spouse in your post. i don’t know if shacklefoot is a maiden name or a married name.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

David L Parrish David L Parrish

posted on September 15, 2012

Here is my line….
My Mom (Helen Agnes Parrish)
Her mom (Alice Tevis)
Her Father (Gilbert Jackson)
His mother (Luzana Taylor)
Her Father (Allen Taylor)
His Mother (Mary Shacklefoot)
Her Parents (Chief Pushmataha and Chamay (CHMOY)

My pedigree chart is attached


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 15, 2012

Page Not Found

The page you were looking for could not be located on this site.

there are no dates or locations or spouse names in your post. several of the people are females and i don’t know if you used the maiden name or married name.

if your surname is parrish, it appears that you used your mother’s married name. this is why it is more difficult to use maiden name and include name of spouse. that way someone can find them in records more easily. then you might have changed the way that you refer to alice tevis to use her maiden name. so this is more confusing to me, since that doesn’t help me figure out the names of the other females in your post.

helen agnes jackson? m. ? parrish
alice tevis m. gilbert jackson
luzana unknown m. allen taylor (mother mary shacklefoot)
chief pushmataha m. chamay?

someone put a family tree on the internet:
Mary Shacklefoot832. She married John Taylor.

Children of Mary Shacklefoot and John Taylor are:

+Allen Taylor, b. June 09, 1798, Virginia832, d. February 14, 1888, Clark County, Indiana832.

natives had an oral tradition. choctaw didn’t become a written language until the mid 1800’s. the war department kept some records 1800-about 1930 and those are kept at NARA. try the fort worth, TX branch if you are asking for records of the central tribes.

obviously allen taylor was living off-reservation. so you should look for tribes nearer to where he lived.

Allen Taylor (son of John Taylor and Mary Shacklefoot)925, 926 was born June 09, 1798 in Virginia926, and died February 14, 1888 in Clark County, Indiana926. He married Mary Jane Cox on November 15, 1844 in Anderson, Kentucky926, daughter of William Cox and Mildred Shackelford.

More About Allen Taylor:
Date born 2: Abt. 1803, Virginia.927, 928
Residence: 1880, Monroe, Clark, Indiana, United States.929, 930

More About Allen Taylor and Mary Jane Cox:
Marriage: November 15, 1844, Anderson, Kentucky.930

Children of Allen Taylor and Mary Jane Cox are:

+Zachariah T. Taylor, b. September 16, 1848, Clark County, Indiana930, d. December 01, 1929, Clark County, Indiana930.

since they lived off-reservation, they would probably be found in federal census records taken every 10 years. if they were living on-reservation, they would be found in native census records because they were not taxed. this also means that there might be vital records at state archives, state vital records and/or state historical organizations. you should look also for local history books and mentions in local newspapers.

1850 United States Federal Census about Zachary T Taylor
Name: Zachary T Taylor
Age: 1
Birth Year: abt 1849
Birthplace: Indiana
Home in 1850: Charlestown, Clark, Indiana
Gender: Male
Family Number: 319
Household Members:
Name Age
Allen Taylor 30
Mary Taylor 23
Margaret Taylor 7
Mary Taylor 5
George Taylor 3
Zachary T Taylor 1
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Charlestown, Clark, Indiana; Roll: M432_138; Page: 113A; Image: 231.

1860 United States Federal Census about Zachariah Taylor
Name: Zachariah Taylor
Age in 1860: 11
Birth Year: abt 1849
Birthplace: Indiana
Home in 1860: Monroe, Clark, Indiana
Gender: Male
Post Office: Henryville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Allen Taylor 53
Mary Ann Taylor 34
Mary Jane Taylor 14
George Taylor 12
Zachariah Taylor 11
Dalila A Taylor 9
Marion Taylor 6
Luzana Taylor 5
William R Taylor 2
Margaret V Haughton 16
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Monroe, Clark, Indiana; Roll: M653_248; Page: 98; Image: 100; Family History Library Film: 803248.

1860 United States Federal Census about Allen Taylor
Name: Allen Taylor
Age in 1860: 53
Birth Year: abt 1807
[Abt 1798]
Birthplace: Virginia

1860 United States Federal Census about Mary Ann Taylor
Name: Mary Ann Taylor
Age in 1860: 34
Birth Year: abt 1826
[Abt 1821]
Birthplace: North Carolina

Indiana Deaths, 1882-1920 about Mary Ann Taylor
Name: Mary Ann Taylor
Date: 30 Sep 1903
Location: Clark County
Age: 82 Yr
Gender: Female
Race: White
Source Location: County Health Office, M Varble
Source notes: The source of this record is the book H-27 on page 18 within the series produced by the Indiana Works Progress Administration.

1870 United States Federal Census about Mary Ann Taylor
Name: Mary Ann Taylor
Age in 1870: 45
Birth Year: abt 1825
[Abt 1821]
Birthplace: North Carolina
Home in 1870: Monroe, Clark, Indiana
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Blue Lick
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Allen Taylor 68
Mary Ann Taylor 45
Lily Ann Taylor 17
James M Taylor 16
Luzena Taylor 14
William R Taylor 12
Allen Lincoln Taylor 10
Savanah Taylor 5
John H Taylor 2
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Monroe, Clark, Indiana; Roll: M593_303; Page: 512A; Image: 399; Family History Library Film: 545802.

1880 United States Federal Census about Mary Taylor
Name: Mary Taylor
Age: 62
Birth Year: abt 1818
[Abt 1821]
Birthplace: North Carolina
Home in 1880: Monroe, Clark, Indiana
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Allen Taylor
Father’s Birthplace: North Carolina
Mother’s Birthplace: North Carolina
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Keeps House
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Allen Taylor 77
Mary Taylor 62
Lincoln Taylor 20
Savanah Taylor 15
Elizabeth Taylor 20
Henry Taylor 12
Lorin Bartle 45
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Monroe, Clark, Indiana; Roll: 269; Family History Film: 1254269; Page: 196A; Enumeration District: 031; Image: 0395.

since they were living off-reservation and their name was common, it might be harder for you to discover tribal affiliation.

in the 1850 census record, you can see their migration pattern.
Margaret Taylor 7 b. TN
Mary Taylor 5 b. KY
George Taylor 3 b. IN

so you can try looking in TN, VA and NC for a marriage record for mary jane cox and allen taylor.

this might be your allen taylor and might not.

1840 United States Federal Census about Allen Taylor
Name: Allen Taylor
Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Jefferson, Kentucky
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 2
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 2
Free White Persons – Males – 30 thru 39: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1
Slaves – Males – 10 thru 23: 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 2
Free White Persons – Under 20: 6
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 8
Total Slaves: 1
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 9
Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: , Jefferson, Kentucky; Roll: 115; Page: 154; Image: 312; Family History Library Film: 0007828.
the thing that counts against this record is that this allen taylor has two children, while the 1850 record doesn’t show them. this could mean that they grew up and left home.

1830 United States Federal Census about Allen Tyler
Name: Allen Tyler
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Jefferson, Kentucky
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 2
Free White Persons – Males – 30 thru 39: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 2
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 30 thru 39: 1
Slaves – Males – 10 thru 23: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 5
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total Slaves: 1
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 8
Source Citation: 1830 US Census; Census Place: Jefferson, Kentucky; Page: 137; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 38; Family History Film: 0007817.

of course, he could have been married previously, had a family with first wife.

Kentucky Marriages, 1802-1850 about Phebe Allen Blankenbecker Tyler
Spouse 1: Blankenbecker, Phebe
Spouse 2: Tyler, Allen
Marriage Date: 6 Jul 1812
Marriage Location: Kentucky
Jefferson County

i think this might be a different allen taylor.

Kentucky Census, 1810-90 about Allen Tyler
Name: Allen Tyler
State: KY
County: Jefferson County
Township: District 1
Year: 1850
Record Type: Slave Schedule
Page: 944
Database: KY 1850 Slave Schedule

Clark County, Indiana Census, 1880 about Allen A. Taylor
District: 31
Page: 1
Line: 44
Family: 11
Name, Last: Taylor
Name, First: Allen A.
Color: w
Sex: M (Male)
Age: 77
Marital Status: married
Occupation: farmer
Place of Birth: Virginia
Father’s Place of Birth: Virginia
Mother’s Place of Birth: Virginia
Township: Monroe

U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 about Allen C Taylor
Name: Allen C Taylor
State: Indiana
Tax Year: 1864
Roll Title: District 3; Annual and Monthly Lists; 1864
NARA Series: M765
NARA Roll: 9

there is an allen taylor with a hog farm in six mile, IN and an allen taylor with a cattle and hog farm in scipio, IN. since there are no ages, i don’t know whether these are father and son or what.

Web: Indiana, Find A Grave Index, 1800-2011 about Allen Taylor
Name: Allen Taylor
Birth Date: 1798
Age at Death: 90
Death Date: 1888
Burial Place: Memphis, Clark County, Indiana, USA
there could be a grave listing on
this also means that you might be able to find an obituary in historical newspapers. check with your local public library/interlibrary loan for that. state historical society or state archives usually have historical newspapers.

that allen taylor agricultural record appears to be a different allen c. taylor who married an eliza lewis. so look to the other record for your ancestor.

Looking for info on Mary Jane Cox b. Dec. 1, 1823 Caswell Co. NC, daughter of William Cox and Mildred Shackelford. Married Allen Taylor b. june 9, 1798 in VA. They married Nov. 15, 1844 in Anderson KY?/TN. Any info would be appreciated. Thanks.
this was a messageboard post.

I have lots of info on both Mary and Allen. E-mail me at just let me know what you need.

this person’s name is susan smith.

Marion, please contact me at The story was that John Taylor came from Scotland and married an Indiana princess named Shackelfoot. I have information on Allen that he married Mary Jane Cox, daughter of William Cox and Mildred Schackelford. Charlene Robbins

so allen taylor might have married a cousin.
i don’t think natives had “princesses” by the way. it’s kind of a european concept.

David L Parrish David L Parrish

posted on September 16, 2012

the only married name I used was my mother (Helen Parrish) she was a Cox.

David L Parrish David L Parrish

posted on September 16, 2012

perhaps this would better show my line:

David Lee Parrish b.28 Apr 1967, son of:
Father Unknown and Helen Agnes Cox b.4 Nov 31 d.3 Mar 88, Helen was the daughter of:
Edward Hale Cox b. 21 Mar 1902 d.5 Jan 1975 and Alice Melvina Tevis b. 17 Dec 1909 d.abt 15 Feb 1952 m. before 1930, Alice was the daughter of:
Gilbert Thomas Jackson b. 22 Dec 1889 d. 05/1977 and Dora Mae Tevis b 28 Aug 1892 d 01 Apr 1957. Gilbert’s parents were:
John A Jackson b Sep 1849 d 1928 and Luzana Taylor b Apr 1855 d 1932. Luzanna’s parents were:
Allen Taylor b 09 Jun 1798 d 14 Feb 1888 and Mary Ann Cox b 01 Dec 1823 d 30 Sep 1903. Allen’s parents were:
John Taylor b Scotland and Mary Shacklefoot. Mary’s parents were:
Chief Pushmataha b 1760 d 24 Dec 1824 and Chamay (RedWing) (Pushmataha) b 1750 d 1831