Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Looking for relatives to Brokeshoulder

Nick Brokeshoulder Nick Brokeshoulder

posted on August 30, 2012


My name is Nick Brokeshoulder and I am a descendent of Harrell Brokeshoulder of Ardmore, Oklahoma (1/2 Absentee Shawnee / 1/2 Choctaw). I have met many of the Brokeshoulder family relatives that reside in Oklahoma and Texas, but have always wondered if there are any other relatives who live in Philadelphia, MS or areas east of Oklahoma territory after many Choctaws left to Indian Territory?…My late Grandfather was named Clifton Brokeshoulder born near 1915, and the earliest Brokeshoulder who was a part of the removal act was named Adam Brokeshoulder in 1897-92?….is there anyone who was left behind that is a relative? Just looking back! Please write back?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 31, 2012

there are some dates in this post, but no spouses. i am not sure how some of these names relate to each other. there are some locations named but not sure which relatives would have been living there at the time.

adam brokeshoulder b.~1892/1897 location unknown, m. unknown female
clifton brokeshoulder b. ~1915 location unknown m. unknown female.

1920 United States Federal Census about Clifton Brokenshoulder
Name: Clifton Brokenshoulder
[Clifton Brokeshouleler]
[Clifton Brokeshoneder]
[Clifton Brokeshoulder]
Age: 10
Birth Year: abt 1910
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Wilson, Carter, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Adam Brokenshoulder
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Name: Sweeney Brokenshoulder
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Adam Brokenshoulder 30
Sweeney Brokenshoulder 22
Clifton Brokenshoulder 10
Vesta Brokenshoulder 6
Thomas C Brokenshoulder 4
Andrew L Brokenshoulder 2
James C Brokenshoulder 0
Mellissa Johns 75
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Wilson, Carter, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1455; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 60; Image: 543.

melissa johns is adam’s widowed mother-in-law.

1920 United States Federal Census about Mellissa Johns
Name: Mellissa Johns
Age: 75
Birth Year: abt 1845
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1920: Wilson, Carter, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Mother-in-law
Marital Status: Widowed
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi

1920 United States Federal Census about Sweeney Brokenshoulder
Name: Sweeney Brokenshoulder
[Sweeney Brokeshouleler]
[Sweeney Brokeshoneder]
[Sweeney Brokeshoulder]
[Sweeney Johns]
Age: 22
Birth Year: abt 1898
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1920: Wilson, Carter, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Female

1920 United States Federal Census about Adam Brokenshoulder
Name: Adam Brokenshoulder
[Adam Brokeshouleler]
[Adam Brokeshoneder]
[Adam Brokeshoulder]
Age: 30
Birth Year: abt 1890
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1920: Wilson, Carter, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male

1930 United States Federal Census about Adam Brokeshanldes
Name: Adam Brokeshanldes
[Adam Brokeshoulder]
[Adam Brokeshauldg]
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1889
Birthplace: Mississippi
Race: Indian (Native American)
Home in 1930: Taliaferro, Marshall, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Father’s Birthplace: Full
Mother’s Birthplace: Choctaw


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Adam Brokeshanldes 41
Nesta Brokeshanldes 16
Thomas Brokeshoulder 14
Andrew Brokeshoulder 12
Lorrin Brokeshoulder 9
Frances Racha 39
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Taliaferro, Marshall, Oklahoma; Roll: 1915; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 9; Image: 162.0; FHL microfilm: 2341649.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Adam Brokeshoulder Jr.
Name: Adam Brokeshoulder Jr.
County: Carter
State: Oklahoma
Birthplace: Mississippi,United States of America
Birth Date: 7 Jun 1888
Race: Caucasian (White)
FHL Roll Number: 1851693
on june 5, 1917, he said he was born in dekalb, MS. has a wife and 3 children.

clifton was b. OK so the move must have occurred after 1910.

there are brokeshoulders on the dawes roll but they are classified as mississippi choctaw refused. the enrollment application, testimony, census card might be useful to you, if any are relatives.

U.S. Native American Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914 about Adam Brokeshoulder Jr
Name: Adam Brokeshoulder Jr
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1890
Age at Census Enrollment: 12
Enrollment Date: 25 Sep 1902
Tribal Affiliation: Mississippi Choctaw
Census Card #: 0
Dawes’ Roll #: 1384

i saw this listing on but i don’t know what it means. you might have to ask the tribe about it.

1910 United States Federal Census about Adam Brodeshueller
Name: Adam Brodeshueller
[Adam Brokeshuelder]
Age in 1910: 21
Birth Year: 1889
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1910: Kiowa, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
[Self (Head)]
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Alince Brodeshueller
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Adam Brodeshueller 21
Alince Brodeshueller 18
Clifton Brodeshueller 1
Ida Rena Tookolor 6
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Kiowa, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1270; Page: 20A; Enumeration District: 0226; Image: 44; FHL microfilm: 1375283.

you can correct the name index at so that others can find your family.

U.S. Native American Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914 about Ida Rena Tookolo
Name: Ida Rena Tookolo
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1904
Age at Census Enrollment: 2
Enrollment Date: 4 Mar 1906
Tribal Affiliation: Mississippi Choctaw New Born and Minor By Blood
Census Card #: 12
Dawes’ Roll #: 125

i don’t know where they were living in 1900.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to

give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married

name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your

parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after

1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate,

and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery

information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a

child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the

death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you

where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the

1890 census was largely destroyed.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database

for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price

is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes

packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index

informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you

can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death.

approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a

relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a

birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security

came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every

10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census

records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native

census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment

because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or

4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be

living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in

that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma

records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several

tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to

a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final

Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The

tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out

more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve

some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages

through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not

found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these

documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe

of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for

enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around

1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your

relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land.

this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw

scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so

you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the

state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards

that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw

resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto