Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Searching for my Ancestors

Linda Pendley Linda Pendley

posted on August 25, 2012

I am trying to trace my Choctaw heritage, I have found the following information from roots web Native American Data for Emma Barber. Card # MCR4528; lists my Great-Great-grand Parents; Elmira Barber-Joe Barber. Children are listed as 1/2 Blood. This is all I can find. I don’t know how Margaret and Paton Rodgers fit in, but they are listed as parents, but so are Elmira and Joe Barber.
It is listed as follows;
Choctaw
Database = Native American Data
SELECT surname,fNative American Data for Emma Barber
Name: Barber, Emma
Tribe: Choctaw
Record Type: enrollment
Sex: F
Enrollment Type: MCR (Minor)
Blood %: 1/2
Card No.: MCR4528
Credit belongs to the staff of SW National Archives, Fort Worth, Texas, who compiled the names from the Dawes Enrollment Cards for its National Archives
Others with this Family:
Surname First Name Type Sex Age Blood %
Barber Elmira P (Parent) F
Barber Emma MCR (Minor) F 1/2
Barber Joe P (Parent) M
Rodgers Margaret P (Parent) F
Rodgers Paton P (Parent) M
Barber John MCR (Minor) M 38 1/2
Barber Ora MCR (Minor) F 16 1/2
Barber Eugene MCR (Minor) M 12 1/2
Barber Roscoe MCR (Minor) M 10 1/2
Barber Arthur MCR (Minor) M 8 1/2
Barber Annie May MCR (Minor)F 6 1/2
Barber Regina MCR (Minor) F 2 1/2
Can you tell from this where they were located, or where I should look from here?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 25, 2012

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/enroll/guide.htm
this will give you some codes.
the documents at NARA are available from NARA fort worth, TX office.
this is only the index. there is the enrollment application, supporting documents, census card.

this says that john barber was the parent, and his parents were listed: elmira p. barber and joe p. barber. margaret p. rodgers and paton p. rodgers were listed so the female’s name had a maiden name of rodgers.

is this your family?

1900 United States Federal Census about Ora Barber
Name: Ora Barber
Age: 11
Birth Date: Nov 1888
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 3, Cass, Texas
[Cass]
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John Barber
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Emma Barber
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John Barber 35
Emma Barber 34
Ora Barber 11
Eugene Barber 6
William Barber 5
Chester A Barber 3
Annie May Barber 1
Burl Barner 26
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 3, Cass, Texas; Roll: 1618; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 24; FHL microfilm: 1241618.

the trail of tears did not go through texas but there were many unofficial migrations from the southeastern reservations through texas. the trail of tears occurred in the late 1830’s.

it is important to find your family in the 1900-1940 census records so that you know who the family members are, where they lived, approximate birthdates.

MCR=mississippi choctaw refused.

you might find testimony in the five civilized tribes book in this post. google books has the book available online.

1900 United States Federal Census about Emma Barber
Name: Emma Barber
Age: 34
Birth Date: Feb 1866
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 3, Cass, Texas
[Cass]
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: John Barber
Marriage Year: 1884
Years Married: 16
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Virginia

1900 United States Federal Census about John Barber
Name: John Barber
Age: 35
Birth Date: Nov 1865
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 3, Cass, Texas
[Cass]
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Emma Barber
Marriage Year: 1884
Years Married: 16
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia

these people might have been living off-reservation for some time.
census records are self-report and you will find them varying as to details.

john barber and emma barber are common names, so you need more information about them rather than less.

1910 United States Federal Census about Roscoe Barber
Name: Roscoe Barber
Age in 1910: 15
Birth Year: 1895
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Justice Precinct 3, Cass, Texas
Race: Mulatto
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John Barber
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Emma Barber
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John Barber 46
Emma Barber 45
Eugene Barber 17
Roscoe Barber 15
Author Barber 13
Annie Barber 11
Uggie Barber 9
Lonie Barber 3
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 3, Cass, Texas; Roll: T624_1537; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0030; Image: 863; FHL microfilm: 1375550.
in this record, both john and emma say that their parents were b. TX.

texas was a frontier in the 1880’s and usually a neighbor kept records for the county.

the choctaw dawes roll record might record emma as a minor in error. that might be a transcription error.

dawes packets information here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/enroll/info.htm

if your relative was involved in criminal activity, he might have an arrest/trial record with fort smith. the fort worth, TX NARA office might also have info on that. be aware that little genealogical information would be in this record and john barber is a common name.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Linda Pendley Linda Pendley

posted on September 1, 2012

I don’t think the Barbers you mentioned are my relations. Emma Barber married J K Shannon and had several children, one of which was my grandmother, Ruthie Lucille Shannon Kelly, race white.Emma’s parents were Elmira and Joe Barber not John as far as I know.
What does this mean; MCR=mississippi choctaw refused.
Here is what I have found from my membership @ancestry.com
J K Barber
spouse: Emma Barber
child: Ruthie Lucille Kelly
name: Ruthie Lucille Kelly
death date: 17 Mar 1960
death place: Little River, Bell, Texas
gender: Female
race: white
death age: 44 years
birth date: 27 Mar 1915
birthplace: Texas
marital status: Married
father’s name: J. K. Shannon
mother’s name: Emma Barber
occupation: Housewife
place of residence: Brownwood, Brown, Texas
cemetery: Rising Star
burial place: Rising Star, Texas
burial date: 17 Mar 1960
additional relatives: X
digital film number: 4135999
J K Shannon
Texas, Deaths (New Index, New Images),
1890-1976
spouse: Emma Barber
child: Ruthie Lucille Kelly
name: Ruthie Lucille Kelly
event: Death
event date: 17 Mar 1960
event place: Little River, Bell, Texas, United
States
gender: Female
marital status: Married
birth date: 27 Mar 1915
birthplace: , Texas
father’s name: J K Shannon
mother’s name: Emma Barber
certificate number: 14101
digital folder
number: 005145107
Search Results—FamilySearch.org — Free Family History and Genealo… https://familysearch.org/search/records/index#count=20&query=+given…
Emma was also listed as Francis Shannon in 1920 US Federal Census, children listed;
Norene, Lois, Lucille (my grandmother), Shelby and Mary.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 1, 2012

MCR is the code that was used by the dawes commission to indicate that although the person was native, they were refused enrollment. they classified the person as mississippi choctaw tribe.

but, from your post today, it that your family was not living in oklahoma, so i am wondering why you think that someone living in texas might have applied to a tribe in oklahoma 1896-1906. you should look at tribes nearer where your family lived. there is a list of texas tribes in my earlier post.
texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

many natives did not enroll during this time period because they were philosophically opposed or they didn’t qualify for enrollment. tribal enrollment is a different topic than tribal heritage.

do you have the census records 1900-1940?

your post doesn’t have any documentation except the death certificate #. do you actually have the death certificate of ruthie?

you need documents about this family to be able to search for them. their names are very common.

your post about the 1920 census omits the location.

1920 United States Federal Census about Norene Shannon
Name: Norene Shannon
Age: 13
Birth Year: abt 1907
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Justice Precinct 6, Nolan, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John K Shannon
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Francis Shannon
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John K Shannon 35
Francis Shannon 31
Norene Shannon 13
Lois Shannon 10
Lucile Shannon 6
4
Shelby Shannon 4
[4 11/12]
Mary Shannon 1
[1 10/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Justice Precinct 6, Nolan, Texas; Roll: T625_1837; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 183; Image: 814.

line 30, farm, dwelling 98, household 103
john k. shannon, head, white male age 33, married, b. texas, father b.? mother b.?
frances, wife, white female, age 31, married, reads and writes, b. TX, father b. KY, mother b. TX
norene, daughter, white female, age 13, single, reads and writes, attends school, b. TX
lois, daughter, white female, age 10, single, reads and writes, attends school, b. TX
lucile, daughter, white female, age 6, single, b. TX
shelby, son, white male, age 4, single, b. TX
mary, daughter, white female, age 1? months, single, b. TX

1910 United States Federal Census about Norena Shannon
Name: Norena Shannon
Age in 1910: 2
Birth Year: 1908
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Paris Ward 2, Lamar, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: John Shannon
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Francis Shannon
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
John Shannon 27
Francis Shannon 19
Norena Shannon 2
Lois Shannon 1/12
0
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Paris Ward 2, Lamar, Texas; Roll: T624_1571; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 0083; Image: 1093; FHL microfilm: 1375584.

1910 United States Federal Census about Francis Shannon
Name: Francis Shannon
Age in 1910: 19
Birth Year: 1891
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Paris Ward 2, Lamar, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: John Shannon
Father’s Birthplace: Kentucky
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas

1910 United States Federal Census about John Shannon
Name: John Shannon
Age in 1910: 27
Birth Year: 1883
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Paris Ward 2, Lamar, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Francis Shannon
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama

john’s parents’ birthplaces appear to be more in line with native heritage from the southeastern reservations. he might have been mississippi choctaw or MOWA.

the trail of tears in the late 1830’s did not go through texas but many unofficial migrations did.

1900 United States Federal Census about John Shannon
Name: John Shannon
Age: 17
Birth Date: May 1883
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Lamar, Texas
[Lamar]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Brother
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph W Shannon 23
Lela Shannon 22
Maudie Shannon 1
John Shannon 17
Jackson Shannon 15
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Lamar, Texas; Roll: 1652; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 80; FHL microfilm: 1241652.

1900 United States Federal Census about Jackson Shannon
Name: Jackson Shannon
Age: 15
Birth Date: Feb 1885
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Lamar, Texas
[Lamar]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Brother
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana

there were also some choctaw in LA called jena choctaw.

before you pursue native records, it would be wise to have all the census records 1900-1930 so that you know where to look for a native tribe.

Linda Pendley Linda Pendley

posted on September 7, 2012

Thank you Suzanne, I am new at this and will get all census records from 1900*1930 and go from there. I found Joe and Elmira Barber here but it has MCR so I need to hunt elsewhere. Thanks I will check back when I get all info on them.
Best regards Linda Pendley

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 7, 2012

when you find the census records, this will tell you where they lived. then look for a tribe nearby.

many natives did not apply for enrollment in tribes because they didn’t qualify or opposed enrollment philosophically.

the dawes roll only applies to the five major tribes in oklahoma 1896-1906. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma. there are several tribes in other states. location is very important in tribal affiliation.

gl.