Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Mary Wortham-David Buck- Burns family history

Kalee Kalee

posted on June 6, 2012

Hello All-looking for anyone connected to the Wortham family of red river texas. My great-great grandmother Mary Wortham was a Choctaw indian who married a full blooded Irishman named George Burns, their son was John Thomas Burns of Broken Bow, Ok. Mary was ‘born’ in Red River, TX but there’s also a story that her mother (Rachel?)was from Mississippi originally & adopted off of the trail of tears by a white family-has anyone else stories from their elders that sound familiar to mine?

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 6, 2012

there is a tree on mytrees.com with these people. i searched for john t. burns. but i didn’t want to sign up for an account with them.

this might be a record on the red river, TX email group:
http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/TXREDRIV/2002-01/1012076471

there are five family trees mentioning these people on ancestry.com. your local public library probably has a subscription to this database.

George W Burns
Birth Jul 1858 in Arkansas, United States
Death 17 Mar 1934 in Crittenden, Arkansas

Mary Emaline Wortham
Birth 1855 in Texas, United States
Death abt 1891 in Arkansas, USA

parents:
David Buck Wortham 1826 – 1880
Martha L Stinson 1816 – 1900

Spouse & Children

George W Burns 1858 – 1934 Mary Ann Burns 1879 – 1962 John Thomas Burns 1881 – 1953 George D Burns 1883 – Martha D Burns 1887 – William A Burns 1891 –

Martha L Stinson
Birth Jun 1816 in South Carolina, United States
Death 1900 in Texas, United States

David Buck Wortham
Birth 1826 in Alabama, United States
Death 1880 in Texas, United States

if david is native, he might be mississippi choctaw or MOWA. see the links in this post for those tribes.

his parents:
Parents

David Burns 1824 – Rachel 1827 – 1914

Rachel ?
Birth 1830s in Choctaw/Cherokee from Mississippi-Arkansas
Death Dec 1914? in Sevier, Arkansas

i don’t see that any of the trees has a maiden name for rachel, so probably no one has found a marriage license for david burns and rachel.

david burns was b. ~1824 IL.

you can see that all people were rather light in documentation, since many of the details do not agree. so i would suggest you gather documents. i start with the death and work backwards. this post will give you ideas of what kind of documentation to pursue.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. it sounds as if your family didn’t live in oklahoma by 1900.

you should look for a tribe near where the family lived. you may be able to find heritage information but that might not help you with enrollment in a particular tribe. usually, you must be directly related to an original enrollee of a tribe to be considered for membership.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common

surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to

include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth

certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your

grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on

file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might

have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are

helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or

marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start

with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful.

census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census

records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be

public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another

useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times

their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with

accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a

relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the

time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a

date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time

of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might

have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if

you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are

buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before

1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth

certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be

under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census

was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state

census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two

databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA

(http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they

didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or

benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly,

they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see

other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are

especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available

online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary

loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for

oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have

microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw

Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When

US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any

benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents

(application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they

will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can

get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find

a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not

taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to

do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to

be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the

family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your

family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe

located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called

choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a

database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there

are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA

http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal

enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching

google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal

recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to

see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request

the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Kalee Kalee

posted on June 9, 2012

Thankyou! Much of this I have already done-there are stories but little documentation and my grandfather did not embrace his ‘Choctaw’ as it were. He could pass for white and preferred to do so, sad, but understandable given the era he grew up in. Rachel’s story is that she’s from Mississippi and was an orphan. My aunt says, “great grandma was a Choctaw woman” which isn’t much to go on- my grandfather said, “we played with our cousin on the reservation [broken bow, ok] but dad didn’t take a number”…

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 9, 2012

natives went on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s and that didn’t go through texas. but many unofficial migrations did.

you should look for a tribe near where they lived 1830-1930. location is a strong factor in tribal affiliation.

you may find that tribal heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things.

it was difficult to do genealogy generally in the 1800s because the records are fairly poor. this is true of the women, and true of the natives. NARA has the war department records from the 1800’s. http://www.archives.gov

you should be sure you have documents for the children, as childrens’ documents point to the parents and fix the family to a date and time.

i start with the death and work backwards in time.

when you don’t have much information, back up a generation and look at the childrens’ information.

Kalee Kalee

posted on June 14, 2012

The stories I am getting is about a massacre around rabbit creek (?) in which my great great great gma was orphaned, traveled with Cherokees, somehow ended up in Red River Texas, back and forth between Oklahoma-she was originally from Mississippi but the rest is just stories from family pasted together. Also heard she was taken in by a white family at one point but was with a group of emigrating Cherokee on the trail of tears. SHe had no last name. My great great gma is remembered by my aunts and uncles, she was definately Choctaw but they didn’t know her history or name. What I’ve discovered about the Texas, Broken Bow, OK is a connection having to do with lumber mills-I’ve been researching my relatives occupations and one of my aunts mentioned my gfather moved to find work in lumber mills and carpentry. It sheds some light on why the different places-Broken Bow was lumber town and builders often relocated to towns that were being built up (Like red river, TX)…anyways, I’m not concerned with getting a roll # so much as just wanting to know more about the ‘small dark woman’ I’ve heard stories of. SHe enjoyed snuff and chewing tobacco which I thought was odd until I found out this was not entirely unusual back then for an old Choctaw woman…

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 15, 2012

this is all i know about rabbit creek.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Dancing_Rabbit_Creek

the trail of tears
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trail_of_Tears

mississippi choctaw tribe
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_Band_of_Choctaw_Indians
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw#Mississippi_Choctaw

perhaps an ancestor had accepted a land grant called choctaw scrip land in lieu of tribal enrollment.