Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Reed/ Reid

Hope J Davis Hope J Davis

posted on October 11, 2011

Hello, I am looking for information on my Grandmother Erthel Ida Stevenson. I was told Grandmother was Choctaw. Please Help me if you can, Hope
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1904
Birthplace: Dodd, Marion, Arkansas or James Creek, Marion, Arkansas
Death place Ada, OKlahoma Valley View
Burial in Stonewall, OK
Father’s Name: Robert Riley Stevenson
Father’s Birth Place: Illinois
Father birth date Jun 1869
Mother’s Name: Martha Ellen Reed/ Reid
Mother’s Birth Place: Missouri
Mother’s Birth Date:Jun 1874
Martha Ellen Reed/ Reid or Martha /Myrtle Ellen Reed/ Reid
Father’s Birth Place: Missouri
Mother’s Name: Nancy Mary Anne/Ann Reed/Reid
Mother’s Birth Place: Missouri
Morther’s Estimated Birth Year: abt 1846
Morther’s Birthplace:Missouri/Tennessee
Father’s Birth Place: Missouri

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 11, 2011

i do not see this family on the dawes roll 1896-1906. the dawes roll shows applicants to the five major tribes. but there are 63 tribes in oklahoma. however, i don’t know that your family was living in oklahoma in 1900. many moved into indian territory (oklahoma) because of land rushes, business opportunities.

heritage and tribal enrollment are two different topics.

1900 United States Federal Census about Martha E Stevenson
Name: Martha E Stevenson
Home in 1900: Dodd, Marion, Arkansas
[James Creek, Marion, Arkansas]
Age: 25
Birth Date: Jun 1874
Birthplace: Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relationship to head-of-house: Wife
Father’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother: number of living children: 3
Mother: How many children: 3
Spouse’s Name: Robert R Stevenson
Marriage year: 1891
Marital Status: Married
Years married: 9
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Robert R Stevenson 30
Martha E Stevenson 25
William L Stevenson 6
Mary E Stevenson 4
Martha A Stevenson 1
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Dodd, Marion, Arkansas; Roll: T623_67; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 82.

the children were b. MO.
so this is a family that may have migrated late.
robert riley stevenson’s parents were b. IL and this usually means that the parents were not affiliated with a southeastern tribe.
martha’s parents were b. MO. the trail of tears did go through missouri, but this was also the frontier and many people moved to this area because of political considerations (slavery topic) or available land.

i am not seeing any more information in the 1910 census. i didn’t look at the 1920 census because she may have changed her surname by that time. you give no spouse or children for her.

do you have a copy of her birth record? if she was alive 1/1/1937, she would have applied for social security and submitted a delayed birth certificate or a birth certificate to show proof of age. when you ask for a copy of the birth certificate, you also have to ask for a copy of the delayed birth certificate. this would be at the county vital record or state vital records. old records could be at the state archives.

you give a place of death but with no spouse, i cannot look at that either. do you have a copy of her death certificate? you get this from the state vital records or county vital records office. if the record is very old, the state archives might have such a record.

do you have a copy of her obituary? see your local public library for this, interlibrary loan program.

do you have a cemetery record? or or the rootsweb webprojects might have a listing for this.

could this be robert riley stevenson’s gravestone on findagrave?
Birth: Jun. 11, 1864
Death: May 25, 1912

Leslie Cemetery
Searcy County
Arkansas, USA

i don’t know why i can’t find him in 1910 census records.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto