Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Samuel Hickman and Ada mae Freeman Hickman

Caleb Ewing Caleb Ewing

posted on August 22, 2011

Ada Mae Freeman Hickman was my Grandmothers oldest sister. Mariah Jane McCasson Freeman is my GGrandmother. Samuel Hickman and Ada Mae Freeman divorced in Ardmord Ok in 1930 on grounds of his abandoment of her and their three small children He was also Native American I am looking for information on their three chldren. Any help would be greatly appreciated. his pic is posted


suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 23, 2011

Name: Samuel Hickman
Home in 1920: Heavener, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Age: 22
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1898
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Ada Hickman
Father’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Mother’s Birth Place: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Rent
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Samuel Hickman 22
Ada Hickman 21
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Heavener, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1468; Page: 17A; Enumeration District: 103; Image: 252

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Samuel Hickman
Name: Samuel Hickman
County: Le Flore
State: Oklahoma
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 5 Jun 1896
Race: Indian (Native American)
FHL Roll Number: 1851804
DraftBoard: 0

Name: Samuel Hickman
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 3
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relationship to head-of-house: Son
Father’s name: Joshua Hickman
Mother’s name: Betsy Hickman
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1851; Enumeration District: 88

on 6/5/1917, when he was registered for the world war I draft, he says he was born near howe, OK. he says he is single and is a farmer.

this person has a family tree on
Ada Mae Freeman
Scattered to the Wind
BIRTH: 12 Sep 1902 – Choctaw, Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
MARRIAGE: Abt 1919 – Heavener, Le Flore, Oklahoma, USA
DEATH: Oct 1989 – Tulsa, Osage, Oklahoma, USA
PARENTS: Jasper Newton Sr. Freeman, Mariah Jane McCasson
SPOUSE: Samuel Hickman

you should look for a copy of her obituary. contact your local public library for that. they can get a copy through interlibrary loan.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

social security application for a deceased person:

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

arcouch arcouch

posted on October 5, 2011

My name is Audra and my great grandmother was Ada…my grandmother is her daughter…

Caleb Ewing Caleb Ewing

posted on November 27, 2011

Hello cousin
I am Caleb, Ada’s youngest choctaw sister’s grandson.Would love to talk This is a picture of your ggrandmother Ada. She is the tallest girl. The picture was about 1910. My grandmother was about one. She is the baby.


Linda Freeman Linda Freeman

posted on November 27, 2011

I am your Freeman cousin, Linda. For years, our cousin Rebecca Freeman Hickman, and I researched the descandents of Michael Daniel Freeman aka Daniel M. Freeman with many hits and misses. Then Cousin Caleb Ewing found an old post on one of the Oklahoma sites and we have been able to add much more about the Freeman/McCasson/Hickman etal families. I have a private tree “Scattered to the Wind” at It is no longer public because I used it for research and misled some researchers when following possible leads on Ada Mae.

My email address is Please write to that address and I will send you a genealogy report.

Did Ada Mae ever marry a Haddon?

We are looking forward to hearing from you.

sandi hickman sandi hickman

posted on November 27, 2012

jack carlyle hickman is one of samuel son and jack had 3 kid one is my fatherinlaw william hickman we have been looking for info. and family name my email is my name is sandi