Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Gage family

Donna Gage Donna Gage

posted on July 20, 2011

I am searching for information regarding my great grandfather Will Gage Sr. My mom said he was full blooded Choctaw and lived in Atoka Oklahoma. If you have any information please email me at Thank you.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 20, 2011

no dates, no spouse, no children in this post. genealogists use name, dates, location, children and spouse to match records.

i don’t know if this is your relative:
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Gage Joe 0 M MCR 5665 P
Choctaw Gage William 21 M 1/4 MCR 5665 CEDAR CREEK MCR
Choctaw Robinson Sarah 0 F MCR 5665 P
mcr=mississippi choctaw refused. mississippi choctaw is a separate tribe, links in this post. some mississippi choctaw were accepted by the tribe, so you would have to check at the oklahoma historical society to see if he was accepted.

this might be another possibility:
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Gage Betsy 0 F 2885 P
Choctaw Gage Willie 0 M 2885 P
Choctaw Johnson Susan 0 F 2885 P
Choctaw Johnson William 0 M 2885 P
Choctaw Johnson Susan 1 F FULL 2885 NR LODI BB
Choctaw Johnson Leolena 2 F FULL 2885 NR LODI BB
Choctaw Johnson Lizzie 3 F FULL 2885 NR LODI BB
Choctaw Johnson Lula 23 F FULL 2885 NR LODI BB
Choctaw Johnson Arbin 29 M FULL 2885 NR LODI BB
bb=by blood

i don’t know if this is your family, as there are several census records for william gage in oklahoma, but none in atoka county, OK:
1910 United States Federal Census
about William Gage Jr.
Name: William Gage Jr.
Age in 1910: 5
Estimated Birth Year: 1905
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s name: William Gage
Father’s Birth Place: Texas
Mother’s Birth Place: Texas
Home in 1910: Ti, Pittsburg, Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Gage 31
William Gage Jr. 5
Leevema Okletree 14
Chester Okletree 12
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Ti, Pittsburg, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1269; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 0244; Image: 1166; FHL Number: 1375282.

this is the only record for a william gage in atoka county, OK.
World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about William Franklin Gage Jr.
Name: William Franklin Gage Jr.
County: Atoka
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 5 Mar 1898
Race: White
FHL Roll Number: 1851605
DraftBoard: 0
this lists a melba nadine gage as nearest relative and i don’t know if this is a wife or a mother.

the idea of tribal enrollment is different than heritage. many natives didn’t enroll in the tribe because of philosophy or not being qualified under the tribal rules.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses

to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to

give more information rather than less. if you post about

women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the

married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can

go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your

parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you

can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after

1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on

file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and

they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a

delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery

information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a

copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a

child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see

your local public library for this. i usually start with the

death and work toward the person’s birth. military records

and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell

you where they were at particular times. the census records

up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely

destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in


first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different

things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment

because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically

opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or

4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had

accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your

ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be

living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there


helpful information about tribal enrollment


2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on

the card# in the card column and you can see other names in

that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage.

native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #.

they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma

records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is

found under genealogy advocacy.


NARA federal records repository. the

fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas

tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest

tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several

tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you

have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage

to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen

DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final

Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting

Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The

tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents

(application, census card and testimony) may help you find out

more about your heritage.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount

Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:


chickasaw historical society 22
Historic Preservation and
Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center 23
Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i

have no information about whether or when they will improve

some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native

american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public

library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages

through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes:

Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan

program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some

records are not. but many times you can find a record not

found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper

mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage


if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not

appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they

implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized

Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or

belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the

state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-

recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want

to write to me, and request the choctaw

resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn

how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto