Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Looking for Choctaw link to Ann Hunt Miller

Sue Sue

posted on March 6, 2011

For many years I have had a copy of an early photo. The back reads Ann Hunt Miller, Choctaw Indian, born March 27th, 1813, Fairfax Co. Va. Dies June 14th, 1894. Married Samuel Tennessee Miller Jan. 28th 1832(appears he is missing hand and forearm). The tenth child Samuel Arthur Miller born Oct 13th, 1853 in Washington Co, Tenn. Samuel Arthur was my great grandfather. An accompanying letter states he was embarrassed by his Indian blood and “hid it in a bible”. Census records bear this out. Records for he and his parents so far list he and his mother as white. Anyone with further ideas to help me prove or disprove this family lore, I thank you in advance. One more thing, I hit a dead end for the Hunt name once I trace back to Ann Hunt on Can’t find her parents.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on March 7, 2011

ann hunt b. 3/27/1813 VA d. 6/14/1894 m. samuel tennessee miller, marries 1/28/1832 place unknown
samuel arthur miller b. 10/13/1853 TN

there are difficulties when tracing females as census up to 1840 lists only head of house.
there are also difficulties with tracing natives, as the war department was in charge of native records 1800-1880. has some of those records transcribed. they are NARA records, national archives and records administration, and the morrow, GA can probably help you most with those.

natives didn’t disclose their heritage until they applied for enrollment, so did any of her children apply to a tribe? there are federally-recognized tribes and state recognized tribes. again, location will be helpful. accessgenealogy gives you an overview, but it is just that. oklahoma, for instance, has 63 tribes. google is helpful here too.

natives didn’t have a written language until the mid 1800’s, so they don’t have early records. local history books and historical newspapers might help here. see your local public library for the interlibrary loan program.

also, land grants to natives in lieu of tribal enrollment can show affiliation. trading post logs might show it.

both surnames are common.

it appears that they might be mississippi choctaw or cherokee, as this is the TN/VA area. it is possible that they are another tribe. but the locations are significant, as natives generally lived in native communities of their band/tribe. search for the location and tribe or native.

you give no information about census records, and where they were found. no date of death for samuel arthur miller or spouse. i usually trace the children if i don’t know much about the parents. childrens’ records point to the parents and fix the family to a location and date.

state archives might be helpful.

i didn’t find an exact match in the 1860 census:
1860 United States Federal Census
about Samuel A Miller
Name: Samuel A Miller
Age in 1860: 4
Birth Year: abt 1856
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1860: Bledsoe, Tennessee
Gender: Male
Post Office: Pikeville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Samuel Miller 30
Margaret Miller 25
Samuel A Miller 4
John Miller 2
Zely Miller 3/12
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Bledsoe, Tennessee; Roll: M653_1240; Page: 382; Image: 214; Family History Library Film: 805240.
tennessee archives

1860 United States Federal Census
about Samuel Miller
Name: Samuel Miller
Age in 1860: 6
Birth Year: abt 1854
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1860: Platte, Andrew, Missouri
Gender: Male
Post Office: Whitesville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Samuel Miller 48
Ann Miller 47
Daniel Miller 20
A M Miller 12
Mary Miller 10
Obadiah Miller 8
Samuel Miller 6
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Platte, Andrew, Missouri; Roll: M653_605; Page: 338; Image: 342; Family History Library Film: 803605.

1870 United States Federal Census
about Samuel Miller
Name: Samuel Miller
Birth Year: abt 1854
Age in 1870: 16
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1870: Platte, Andrew, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Samuel Miller 58
Ann Miller 57
Obediah Miller 18
Samuel Miller 16
Mary A Miller 13
Susan R Miller 12
John Miller 8
Edward Merwin 54
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Platte, Andrew, Missouri; Roll: M593_755; Page: 305B; Image: 618; Family History Library Film: 552254.

samuel miller, head of house, is a farmer, has real property.
mary was b. IA
susan was b. MO, as was john.

missouri archives

homestead records here.
look at the authority, to see if there was a native land grant.
you might need county land records too. see the county clerk in that county to see if he bought land.

since they were both b. VA, by census reports, you might find them there.

also, look for inheritance records, land or wills, in that record.

maybe this is your family.
1880 United States Federal Census
about A. Samuel Miller
Name: A. Samuel Miller
Home in 1880: Duval, Jasper, Missouri
Age: 26
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1854
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Spouse’s Name: Mary Miller
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
A. Samuel Miller 26
Mary Miller 27
Willbert Miller 5m
Anna Hendrix 13
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Duval, Jasper, Missouri; Roll: 694; Family History Film: 1254694; Page: 323C; Enumeration District: 56; Image: 0448.

1880 United States Federal Census
about Ann Miller
Name: Ann Miller
Home in 1880: Galena, Jasper, Missouri
Age: 67
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1813
Birthplace: Virginia
Relation to Head of Household: Wife
Spouse’s Name: Sam. T. Miller
Father’s birthplace: Virginia
Mother’s birthplace: Virginia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Keeps House
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Female
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Sam. T. Miller 68
Ann Miller 67
Susie Miller 22
Alice Miller 18
John Miller 17
John Siener 55
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Galena, Jasper, Missouri; Roll: 695; Family History Film: 1254695; Page: 581C; Enumeration District: 72; Image: 0177.
now susie, alice and john are grandchildren. john is hard of hearing. were they daniel’s children? was daniel in the civil war?

and there are some hunts on this census page. maybe they are related?

here’s more children:
1850 United States Federal Census
about Saml Miller
Name: Saml Miller
Age: 39
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1811
Birth Place: Virginia
Gender: Male
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): Subdivision 4, Washington, Tennessee
Family Number: 2145
Household Members:
Name Age
Saml Miller 39
Ann Miller 38
Wm Miller 17
David Miller 14
Rebecca Miller 13
Danl Miller 11
Susannah Miller 9
Ann M Miller 4
Mary M Miller 2
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Subdivision 4, Washington, Tennessee; Roll: M432_898; Page: 252B; Image: 511.
so you have more males to check for civil war service. and marriage records. and civil war pensions, which were prepared by attorneys and contain genealogical information.

samuel was a farmer, has real property. ann was b. MD, it looks like.
children b. TN
civil war website.
if you find a relative, click on the unit and you might see the unit history.

1840 United States Federal Census
about Samuel Miller
Name: Samuel Miller
County: Washington
State: Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 2
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1
Total – All Persons (Free White, Free Colored, Slaves): 7
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 4
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 3
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 7
Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: , Washington, Tennessee; Roll: 241; Page: 535; Image: 1372; Family History Library Film: 0024549.
this is the best match for the # of children in the family.

Go to New Search
Slave Owners
Name Home in 1850
(City,County,State) View
Census Save
Samuel Miller Subdivision 4, Washington, Tennessee

Slave Information
Age Gender Race View Census
29 Male Black

you might try an obituary for samuel t. miller and ann hunt miller.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname,

you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden

name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate,

your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone

passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government

for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate.

death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary,

newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local

public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records

and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census

records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public

information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for

enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t

have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu

of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they

had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other

names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are

especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other

oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma

and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed

records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will

improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get

the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a

record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births,

marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching

google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized


i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the

choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto