Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation


Jim Odell Richardson Jim Odell Richardson

posted on December 21, 2010

My paternal great-grandfather was Walter Thomas (W.T.) Gibson, an original Choctaw enrollee who was allotted land near Foster, OK in Garvin County.
W.T.‘s father was Reuben Gibson who had a twin brother named Calvin. Reuben’s father was James Gibson and his mother was (Maria?), both listed as Choctaw.
W.T.‘s mother was Nicey (Waters). Nicey’s father was George Waters, who is listed at one place as being on the Chickasaw roll, and Nicey’s mother’s name and tribal affiliation is not certain.
Research past this point has brought up little or nothing.
I would appreciate any information that goes farther back on the Gibson and Waters lineage.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on December 22, 2010

do you have the enrollment documents, the census card and the testimony? you can get these from NARA or oklahoma historical society or (if accessgenealogy says they have the packet).
there are other native records, such as census records, databases and rolls.

james gibson m. maria ?
reuben gibson m.. nicey waters (george waters), and calvin gibson
walter thomas gibson

but no dates in this post. no spouse or children for walter thomas gibson.
it is very difficult to find these peoples’ names when i don’t know which records to look in because there is no date.

it appears that he had a brother named thomas?
Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Gibson Nicey 0 F 5565 P
Choctaw Gibson Reuben 0 M 5565 P
Choctaw Gibson Etta 1 F 1/4 5565 NR BURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Jesse 1 M 1/4 5565 NR BURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Verda 1 F 1/4 5565 NR BURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Ada 3 F 1/4 5565 NR BURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Laura 20 F IW 5565 NR BURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Thomas 26 M 1/2 5565 NR BURDY BB
Choctaw Hale Mollie 0 F 5565 P
Choctaw Hale Newt 0 M 5565 P
iw-intermarried white, a general nontribal classification.
bb-by blood

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Gibson James 0 M 83 P
Choctaw Gibson Maria 0 F 83 P
Choctaw Gibson Robert E Lee 14 M 1/2 83 152 PURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Nicey 53 F 1/2 83 151 PURDY BB
Choctaw Gibson Ruben 55 M 1/2 83 150 PURDY BB
Choctaw Waters George 0 M 83 P

i’m not sure why i can’t find walter thomas’ enrollment card. maybe you can find it.

1900 United States Federal Census
about Ruben Gibson
Name: Ruben Gibson
Home in 1900: Township 2, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
Age: 55
Birthplace: Indian Territory, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Relationship to Head of House: Cousin
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Hayes 67
Belle Hayes 50
Henry Parnell 17
Ruben Gibson 55
Nicie Gibson 53
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 2, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: T623_1849; Enumeration District: 162.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have sumitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Trish Trish

posted on March 25, 2011

I have a Nicey Gibson in my family. I have her maiden name as Gibson. They were also in the Foster, Ok. area. I know she has a connection to a Silas Gibson who could be a brother or such. Their roll #’s are only 2 digits difference. Let me know if I can help you.