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murray family

brandy brandy

posted on April 4, 2013

I am looking for info on the Murray family from Tom OK. I have found some but running into walls. My grandmother is Exie Marrie Davis Murray her parents were Lake Erie Davis and Mossey Viola Posey Davis. My grandfather is Hampton Murray and his parents we’re James Ealy Murray and Onar Murray. I am trying to find out if any of their ancestors are listed on the Dawes Rolls. If anyone has info I would greatly appreciate it.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on April 5, 2013

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma and contains the names of applicants to the five major tribes. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma and location is a major factor with tribal affiliation.

your post does not give any years. this is a big handicap to finding information.

it sounds as if you are trying to find out about two sets of grandparents.

lake erie davis m. mossey viola posey
exie marie davis m. hampton murray

james ealy murray m. onar ?
hampton murray

1930 United States Federal Census about Hampton Murray
Name: Hampton Murray
[Hampton Murrey]
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1913
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Son
Father’s Name: J E Murray
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: O* Murray
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
J E Murray 47
O* Murray 48
Bessie Murray 20
Hampton Murray 17
Alton Murray 13
Louise Murray 11
Baby Murray 8
Verlon Murray 6
Timmy Murray 3
[3 4/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: 1913; Page: 13A; Enumeration District: 11; Image: 287.0; FHL microfilm: 2341647.

Social Security Death Index about Hampton Murray
Name: Hampton Murray
SSN: 447-05-5029
Last Residence: 74740 Haworth, Mccurtain, Oklahoma, United States of America
Born: 24 Dec 1913
Last Benefit: 74740 Haworth, Mccurtain, Oklahoma, United States of America
Died: Aug 1982
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (Before 1951)

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Hampton Murray
Name: Hampton Murray
Gender: Male
Age: 32
Birth Year: abt 1914
Residence: Arkinda, Little River, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: Exie Davis
Spouse’s Gender: Female
Spouse’s Age: 19
Spouse’s Residence: Durant, Oklahoma
Marriage Date: 16 Mar 1946
Marriage License Date: 11 Mar 1946
Marriage County: Little River
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1977830

Hampton “Hamp” Murray
Birth: Dec. 24, 1913
McCurtain County
Oklahoma, USA
Death: Aug., 1982
Idabel
McCurtain County
Oklahoma, USA

Son of James Ely and Oner Echols Murray
Husband of Exie Davis

Family links:
Parents:
James Ely Murray (1883 – 1955)
Oner Lee Echols Murray (1885 – 1979)

Spouse: Exie Davis Murray (1928 – 1996)* Children: Charles R. Murray (1950 – 2006)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Tom Cemetery
Tom
McCurtain County
Oklahoma, USA
this cemetery record is on findagrave.com

James Ely “Elie” Murray
Birth: Apr. 7, 1883
Lincoln County
Tennessee, USA
Death: May 14, 1955
Holly Creek
McCurtain County
Oklahoma, USA

Son of Robert F & Ethel Murray;
Husband of Oner Lee Echols;
Father of Katie, Bessie, Claude, Hampton, Alton, Louise,
Bobby, Vurlon, & Delton
Grandfather of Sybil

Family links:
Parents:
Robert F Murray (1853 – 1930)
Ethalinda Wright Murray (1854 – 1920)

Spouse: Oner Lee Echols Murray (1885 – 1979) Children: Katie May Murray Pierce (1905 – 1988)* Hampton Murray (1913 – 1982)* Robert J Murray (1919 – 2000)* Vurlon Murray (1924 – 2006)* Delton Murray (1926 – 1999)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Holly Creek Cemetery
Broken Bow
McCurtain County
Oklahoma, USA
also on findagrave.com

james ely murry didn’t go on the trail of tears in the late 1830s and probably his family lived off-reservation for some time. since that is true, he probably would have had difficulty proving his heritage for tribal enrollment.

1930 United States Federal Census about O* Murray
Name: O* Murray
[Onia Murrey]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1882
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: J E Murray
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Louisiana

given the mother and father’s birthplace, she might be mississippi choctaw or jena choctaw. see the links about those tribes.

1940 United States Federal Census about Ona Lee Murry
Name: Ona Lee Murry
Age: 55
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1885
Gender: Female
Race: White
Birthplace: Texas
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Home in 1940: Frisco, McCurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Inferred Residence in 1935: Frisco, McCurtain, Oklahoma
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Sheet Number: 3A
Attended School or College: No
Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 6th grade
Weeks Worked in 1939: 0
Income: 0
Income Other Sources: No
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James Eaby Murry 56
Ona Lee Murry 55
Vialon Murry 17
Dilton Murry 13
Alton Murry 21
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Frisco, McCurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3309; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 45-12.

1900 United States Federal Census about James Murry
Name: James Murry
Age: 15
Birth Date: Dec 1884
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1900: Civil District 6, Williamson, Tennessee
[Williamson]
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: Josie Murry
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Josie Murry 40
Easil Murry 20
Carrie Murry 18
James Murry 15
Rebecca Murry 14
Josephine Murry 11
Squire Murry 8
German Brown 12
Rena Brown 4
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Civil District 6, Williamson, Tennessee; Roll: 1605; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 0114; FHL microfilm: 1241605.

1910 United States Federal Census about Ona Murray
Name: Ona Murray
Age in 1910: 23
Birth Year: abt 1887
1887
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1910: Township 2, McCurtain, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Caly Murray
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Caly Murray 25
Ona Murray 23
Katie B Murray 5
Claude L Murray 2
Maud I Murray 0
[0/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Township 2, McCurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1261; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 0178; FHL microfilm: 1375274.

Social Security Death Index about Oner Murray
Name: Oner Murray
SSN: 442-52-8607
Last Residence: 74745 Idabel, Mccurtain, Oklahoma, United States of America
Born: 9 Jul 1885
Died: Apr 1979
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (1965)

1900 United States Federal Census about Ono Eckals
Name: Ono Eckals
[Ono Eckols]
Age: 14
Birth Date: Jul 1885
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Wood, Texas
[Wood]
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Eckals
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: Annie Eckals
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Eckals 45
Annie Eckals 54
Samuel Eckals 22
George Eckals 18
Ono Eckals 14
Stokely Eckals 11
Homer Eckals 10
Florence Eckals 7
Hester Eckals 4
Docia Eckals 21
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Wood, Texas; Roll: 1681; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 0145; FHL microfilm: 1241681.

this family did not apply to any of the five major tribes in oklahoma because they are not listed on the dawes roll.

since william echols’ spouse, annie/fannie, may have come from AL, you should also check into the MOWA tribe in AL. her family did not go on the trail of tears from MS/AL to oklahoma/indian territory.

1880 United States Federal Census about Samuel Echols
Name: Samuel Echols
Age: 1
Birth Year: abt 1879
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1880: Precinct 4, Wood, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: William Echols
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Name: Annie Echols
Mother’s Birthplace: Georgia
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
William Echols 24
Annie Echols 23
Lula E. Echols 4
Samuel Echols 1
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 4, Wood, Texas; Roll: 1334; Family History Film: 1255334; Page: 345A; Enumeration District: 127.

possible annie’s family has also been living off-reservation for some time, since this census says that her birthplace was GA.

there are some echols (various spellings) on the dawes roll but this family was not listed. the echols families on the dawes roll were classed as mississippi choctaw. i don’t know if any of those people are related to your family.

1870 United States Federal Census about Ann Price
Name: Ann Price
[Ann Grice]
Age in 1870: 14
Birth Year: abt 1856
Birthplace: Ala
Home in 1870: Precinct 4, Wood, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Quitman
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
John Price 37
Lucinda Price 37
William Price 15
Ann Price 14
Mary Price 11
Sarah Price 9
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Precinct 4, Wood, Texas; Roll: M593_1609; Page: 582B; Image: 517; Family History Library Film: 553108.

ok, now the davis/posey family:

1940 United States Federal Census about Exie Davis
Name: Exie Davis
Age: 13
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1927
Gender: Female
Race: White
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Home in 1940: Frisco, McCurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Street: South Of Tom
Inferred Residence in 1935: Frisco, McCurtain, Oklahoma
Residence in 1935: Same Place
Sheet Number: 7B
Attended School or College: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Leke E Davis 39
Wossey Davis 35
Exie Davis 13
Nala Davis 12
Louise Davis 10
Betty S Davis 7
Edan R Davis 6
Daby J Davis 2
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Frisco, McCurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: T627_3309; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 45-13.

1930 United States Federal Census about Exis Davis
Name: Exis Davis
[Exie Davis]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1927
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: L E Davis
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Name: Massey Davis
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Occupation:

Education:

Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
L E Davis 28
Massey Davis 23
Exis Davis 3
Nola Davis 2
[2 3/12]
Hellen Davis 0
[4/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: 1913; Page: 17A; Enumeration District: 11; Image: 295.0; FHL microfilm: 2341647.

i am not seeing a record before the 1930 census. you might have to get some documents about lake davis, such as death certificate, obituary, social security application, delayed birth certificate.

1930 United States Federal Census about Massey Davis
Name: Massey Davis
[MAsey Davis]
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1907
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Spouse’s Name: L E Davis
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee

texas was not on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s however there were many unofficial migrations from the southeastern areas to/through texas.
mossey’s mother’s birthplace of tennessee indicates her family was living off-reservation for some time. her father’s birthplace indicates that he might have also lived off-reservation.
you should look at tribes near where the family lived.
she was born in TX around 1907, so her family was probably not living in oklahoma at the time of most of the enrollments.

i don’t know if her family was affiliated with texas tribes.

there are some poseys on the dawes roll, but the choctaw poseys were classed as mississippi choctaw tribe.

1930 United States Federal Census about L E Davis
Name: L E Davis
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1902
Birthplace: Oklahoma
[Ohio]
Race: White
Home in 1930: Frisco, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Massey Davis
Father’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas

arkansas was on the trail of tears so you need to look closer at his family.

U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about Lake Eris Davis
Name: Lake Eris Davis
County: McCurtain
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 5 Oct 1899
Race: White
lake e. davis
Birth: 1900, USA
Death: 1963, USA

Burial:
Tom Cemetery
Tom
McCurtain County
Oklahoma, USA
this is his cemetery entry on findagrave.com

Lake Erie Davis
Birth 5 aug 1900 in Little River, Little River, Arkansas, United States
Death 23 Aug, 1963 in Eagletown, McCurtain, Oklahoma, United States

this is a user-entered family tree on ancestry.com.

this person has not posted many documents but that doesn’t mean that they don’t have documents. sometimes they just don’t post them.

parents listed:
Andrew Jackson Davis
Birth oct 1859 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States
Death abt 1908 in Richland, Little River, Arkansas, USA

Rose Etta Waymack
Birth aug 1865 in Pulaski County, Arkansas
Death in Haworth, Oklahoma, USA

i see no record for andrew jackson davis that fits with the right dates and spouse. i don’t see a rose davis that fits either.

1880 United States Federal Census about Rose Waymack
Name: Rose Waymack
Age: 15
Birth Year: abt 1865
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1880: Union, Jackson, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Work On Farm
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Ezra Babbs 25
Nancy E. Babbs 21
Albert Babbs 7m
Florence R. Tidwell 6
Allice Welch 4m
Richard Travis 27
Rose Waymack 15
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Union, Jackson, Arkansas; Roll: 47; Family History Film: 1254047; Page: 450D; Enumeration District: 133; Image: 0674.

1870 United States Federal Census about Rosette Waymack
Name: Rosette Waymack
Age in 1870: 6
Birth Year: abt 1864
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1870: Bayou Meto, Pulaski, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Little Rock
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Wm Waymack 40
Elizabeth Waymack 35
Mack Waymack 20
Emaline Waymack 15
William Waymack 10
Rosette Waymack 6
John Waymack 3
William Hopper 16
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Bayou Meto, Pulaski, Arkansas; Roll: M593_62; Page: 28A; Image: 58; Family History Library Film: 545561.

1880 United States Federal Census about Andrew Davis
Name: Andrew Davis
Age: 20
Birth Year: abt 1860
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1880: Bear Creek, Searcy, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Luke Davis
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Name: Caroline Davis
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Laborer On Farm
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Luke Davis 67
Caroline Davis 43
Andrew Davis 20
Emlie Davis 8
Thomas Davis 5
Sarah Davis 2
John Davis 18
Eldora Davis 14
Cordelia Davis 12
George Hanvil 19
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Bear Creek, Searcy, Arkansas; Roll: 56; Family History Film: 1254056; Page: 456A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 0597.

in the 1800s, natives who were living on reservation were on native census records, kept by the war department and now located at NARA http://www.archives.gov. they were not taxed.

but if natives were living off-reservation, they were on the regular federal census because they were taxed. however, if natives are on the federal census and not living on reservation, it would have been more difficult to prove they were of a particular tribe because they were more loosely affiliated with a tribe.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

you will need to know who the family members were 1830-1930 or so, where they were located. a good way to do this is by census records.
the first time period to concentrate on is 1900-1930 because most tribes enrolled during this period.
federal census records can help you here. you can get access through your local public library – two databases: 1) heritage quest, 2) ancestry.com.

the dawes roll shows the applicants to the five major tribes 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma. if your family applied for this, there would be a census card, dawes application, other supporting documents and testimony. these are located at NARA
http://www.archives.gov
try the fort worth, TX office.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times, their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet. you can google fold3 and your ancestor’s name to see if your relative’s dawes packet is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

freedmen information:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ewyatt/_borders/
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/F/FR016.html
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/8-chocfreed.htm
http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southeast tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html
http://yvwiiusdinvnohii.net/OKTribes.htm

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto