Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

William Henry Hulsey

lewis m. Van Bibber lewis m. Van Bibber

posted on October 29, 2012

MY NAME is Lewis M. Van Bibber. My mother was a Hulsey and her father was William Henry Hulsey b.JULY4,1875 in Alabama. Wife Ruia Hannah Handshew . 2nd wife ? His Father Eli Hulsey b.June 18, 1844. I am looking for connection to Choctaw Nation as in family stories. There are Hulseys in Choctaw rolls in Alabama and Okla. I was with my Grand father W.H. Hulsey when he spoke in Indian language with two men. Any help appeciated as I am new at tis.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on October 29, 2012

tribal heritage and tribal enrollment are two different topics.
there are several tribes in the united states. location is a major factor in tribal affiliation.

in your post, you don’t mention whether your family lived in oklahoma or not.

you should have dates of birth, dates of death, place of birth, place of death, spouse and children. indicating partial information is ok. you have some exact birthdates, so i don’t know which documents you already have.

eli hulsey b. 1844 m. unknown
william henry hulsey b. 1875 AL
m. rula hannah handshew?

i can tell you that eli might have been known by another name or he was born elsewhere. i don’t know which is true.

maybe this was your relative:

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Elisha Hulsey
Name: Elisha Hulsey
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Alabama
Regiment Name: 9 Alabama Infantry.
Regiment Name Expanded: 9th Regiment, Alabama Infantry
Company: B
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M374 roll 22

maybe this is his family:

1870 United States Federal Census about Eli Hulsey
Name: Eli Hulsey
Age in 1870: 25
Birth Year: abt 1845
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1870: Township 3 Range 3, Jackson, Alabama
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Scottsboro
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Hulsey 63
Nancy Hulsey 64
Mahala Hulsey 27
Manson Hulsey 22
Margaret Hulsey 20
Marthia Hulsey 3
Eli Hulsey 25
Jane Hulsey 23
Mary J Hulsey 16
Martilia Hulsey 12
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Township 3 Range 3, Jackson, Alabama; Roll: M593_20; Page: 166B; Image: 334; Family History Library Film: 545519.

is this your family?

1910 United States Federal Census about Eli Hulsey
Name: Eli Hulsey
[Eli Hillsey]
Age in 1910: 65
Birth Year: 1845
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1910: Mason, Yell, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Widowed
Father’s Birthplace: Georgia
Mother’s Birthplace: South Carolina
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Eli Hulsey 65
Rosa L Banett 28
Marshal Thornberry 8
Irene Bennett 4
Ethel Bennett 2
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Mason, Yell, Arkansas; Roll: T624_68; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 0171; Image: 874; FHL microfilm: 1374081.

1900 United States Federal Census about Rosa Hulsey
Name: Rosa Hulsey
Age: 19
Birth Date: abt 1881
Birthplace: Alabama
Home in 1900: Township 10, Creek Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Relation to Head of House: Boarder
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Rachel Thornberry 59
John Thornberry 34
Celestine Thornberry 23
Mark Thornberry 21
Ella Thornberry 13
Jane Severe 7
Louis Pruitt 18
Rosa Hulsey 19
Will Thornberry 40
Jobe Thornberry 13
Lena Thornberry 11
Rachel Thornberry 9
Willie G Thornberry 7
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 10, Creek Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1854; ; Enumeration District: 0069; FHL microfilm: 1241854.

Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Rosa Thornbarry
Name: Rosa Thornbarry
Gender: Female
Age: 22
Birth Year: abt 1883
Residence: Adona, Perry, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: W H Bennett
Spouse’s Gender: Male
Spouse’s Age: 27
Spouse’s Residence: Adona, Perry, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 26 Dec 1905
Marriage License Date: 23 Dec 1905
Marriage County: Perry
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1026188

on someone’s family tree with this family, this appears to be a few indications about eli’s birthplace.

Age: 6

East Chickamauga, Walker, Georgia

1 source citation
Age: 16

Catoosa, Georgia


Henry Hulsey 1806 – 1859 Nancy Carrington 1806 – 1859

Show siblings
Spouse & Children

Jane Francis Bradley 1845 – James Floyd Hulsey 1877 – 1960 Rosie Lee Hulsey 1881 – 1917

Eli Hulsey
Birth 1844 in Georgia
Death 1921

i don’t think rosa was his wife. it appears that rosie was his daughter.
i cannot vouch for the information but other researchers are trying to find records, so you should contact them directly. the family tree was on but might also be on or on the internet generally.

1850 United States Federal Census about Eli Hulsey
Name: Eli Hulsey
Age: 6
Birth Year: abt 1844
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1850: East Chickamauga, Walker, Georgia
Gender: Male
Family Number: 584
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Hulsey 44
Nancy Hulsey 44
James A Hulsey 21
Sarah A Hulsey 20
Mary M Hulsey 17
William A Hulsey 16
Charles J Hulsey 12
Henry W Hulsey 10
Elizabeth M Hulsey 8
Eli Hulsey 6
Manson Hulsey 2
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: East Chickamauga, Walker, Georgia; Roll: M432_85; Page: 384B; Image: 206.

1860 United States Federal Census about E Hulsey
Name: E Hulsey
Age in 1860: 14
Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1860: Catoosa, Georgia
Gender: Male
Post Office: Ringgold
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
H Hulsey 54
N Hulsey 52
S Hulsey 28
M Hulsey 16
E Hulsey 14
M Hulsey 12
L Hulsey 1
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: , Catoosa, Georgia; Roll: M653_114; Page: 980; Image: 356; Family History Library Film: 803114.

it appears to me that the hulsey family was living off-reservation. natives that were living on-reservation were on native census records because they were not taxed and they were not enumerated in the federal census taken every 10 years. so it might be difficult to prove heritage, as natives usually didn’t disclose heritage unless they were applying for enrollment. did any of his children apply for enrollment?

Arkansas, Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1935 about Eli Hulsey
Name: Eli Hulsey
Residence Location: Yell, Arkansas
State Served From: Georgia
Division: Cavalry
Company: K
Regiment: Yell
Vet Application Year: 1911
Comments: approved

this record could help you with heritage. these pension records were usually prepared by attorneys and are fairly comprehensive. NARA has these.

it appears to me that he signed with an “x”.
Georgia, Returns of Qualified Voters and Reconstruction Oath Books, 1867-1869 about Eli Hulsey
Name: Eli Hulsey
Registry Date: 22 Jul 1867
Location: Catoosa
Record Type: Oath Book
Election District: 44

Georgia Marriages to 1850 about Henry Hulsey
Name: Henry Hulsey
Spouse: Nancy Carrington
Marriage Date: 30 Dec 1827
Marriage County: Henry
Marriage State: Georgia

there’s a henry w. hulsey and a henry hulsey. they may be the same person.

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Henry Hulsey
Name: Henry Hulsey
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Georgia
Regiment Name: 11 Georgia Infantry
Regiment Name Expanded: 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry
Company: E,G
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M226 roll 31

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Henry W. Hulsey
Name: Henry W. Hulsey
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Georgia
Regiment Name: 11 Georgia Infantry
Regiment Name Expanded: 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry
Company: E,G
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Alternate Name: Henry/Hulsey
Film Number: M226 roll 31

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Henry Hulsey
Name: Henry Hulsey
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: Alabama
Regiment Name: 9 Alabama Infantry.
Regiment Name Expanded: 9th Regiment, Alabama Infantry
Company: B
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M374 roll 22

there is another henry hulsey in the south, so you will have to verify details in order to get the right records. i think the other henry hulsey has a wife jemimah.

i don’t see an alabama land record for henry hulsey. i was hoping that one of the family had received a land grant called choctaw scrip, so that you know with which tribe your family is associated.

i don’t see a native record. you can look at native census records and native databases and rolls on accessgenealogy, menu on the left.
but it appears to me that the family lived off-reservation, so you might not find a record.

since rosie was living in the creek nation in 1900, that tribe might be more likely. the creek nation did live around GA.

other possibilities: mississippi choctaw tribe and MOWA tribe, links in this post.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.
several helpful links for records in the choctaw territory

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

for those people who do not yet have a card, you should research the 1900-1940 census to know approximate dates of birth, birthplaces, family members. this will also tell you if someone is more likely to be on the freedman roll or as applicants to the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma for the five major tribes.

applicants can be found here:
partial names are ok. look at the guide link for explanation of the codes.

when you find a possible name, then click on the card# in the card column to see the family group. if it is your family group, and they were likely enrolled, then you can search the oklahoma historical society’s dawes roll link to get the enrollment #’s for particular family members.

if your family was enrolled by council action early in the process or was enrolled by lawsuit, they might not appear on the oklahoma historical society website. you would have to check with the tribe on that.

even if your family was rejected by the dawes process, you may want the testimony, census card, application information for your genealogical purposes.

the federal census will also help you decide which state to contact for vital records.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

freedmen information:
many freedmen links on this webpage:

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Debra Wilson Debra Wilson

posted on November 24, 2013

I believe these are copies of the work of Lou Pero, who did extensive work on many branches of the Hulsey family.