Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Hattie C. Anderson

Nancy Myers Nancy Myers

posted on September 25, 2012 and updated on February 7, 2013

I am looking for my father’s family. Hattie C Anderson was my great-grandmother. Her sister’s name was Mildred Anderson. They were from Mississippi and were of Choctaw descent. Their father’s name was Joseph Anderson. Joseph was in the Confederate Army from the time Hattie was an infant until 4 years old. Hattie C. or Harriet Anderson was born in 1862. She married Joseph Bruce Wright in 1879,Navarro County Texas. Mildred Anderson was born in 1855 and was married to William Wallace Wright in 1878 in Navarro County Texas. In our records, it states that Hattie and Mildred was part Scottish and Choctaw. When I researched Joseph Anderson, I found Joseph Anderson’s father was Daniel Anderson born 1770 born in Virginia, his mother was Louisa Battiest,born in 1780 Choctaw Nation East, Spring Creek Choctaw and was a full blooded Choctaw. Dawes Roll No. 10128. I am hoping that I was able to connect all the family but this is just from my research on the internet without paying someone to join a website.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on September 25, 2012

who were hattie and mildred’s spouses? when were they born? who were their children? this is a common surname so you need more information.

females only have their maiden names until they marry. i looked in census records 1860-1940 in mississippi, all records that included a mildred and a henrietta/hattie, and only found these records.

1940 United States Federal Census about Mildred Anderson
Name: Mildred Anderson
Age: 9
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1931
Gender: Female
Race: Negro (Black)
Birthplace: Mississippi
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Home in 1940: Livingston, Madison, Mississippi
View Map
Inferred Residence in 1935: Livingston, Madison, Mississippi
Residence in 1935: Same House
Sheet Number: 2A
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Levi Anderson 38
Hatie Anderson 32
May Anderson 14
Charles Anderson 12
Mildred Anderson 9
Hatie Anderson 8
Levi Anderson 5
Odean Anderson 3
Sherman Anderson 1
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: Livingston, Madison, Mississippi; Roll: T627_2047; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 45-18.

1940 United States Federal Census about Mildred Anderson
Name: Mildred Anderson
Age: 6
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1934
Gender: Female
Race: Negro (Black)
Birthplace: Mississippi
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Home in 1940: Coahoma, Mississippi
View Map
Inferred Residence in 1935: Rural, Coahoma, Mississippi
Residence in 1935: Rural, Coahoma, Mississippi
Sheet Number: 4A
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Delbert Anderson 59
Daisy Anderson 43
Leon Anderson 18
Richard Anderson 15
Heniretta Anderson 13
Thomas Ed Anderson 8
Mildred Anderson 6
Hazel Anderson 4
James L Anderson 8/1
Source Citation: Year: 1940; Census Place: , Coahoma, Mississippi; Roll: T627_2017; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 14-36.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1940 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.
you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Nancy Myers Nancy Myers

posted on February 7, 2013

Thank you so much for the information. I have added some information to my post. I would like to pass our history to my children and grandchildren. I feel like I have the soul of a native and am very interested in researching our heritage.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 7, 2013

regarding: I found Joseph Anderson’s father was Daniel Anderson born 1770 born in Virginia, his mother was Louisa Battiest,born in 1780 Choctaw Nation East, Spring Creek Choctaw and was a full blooded Choctaw. Dawes Roll No. 10128.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in oklahoma/indian territory.
http://www.marciesalaskaweb.com/descendants_of_daniel_anderson.htm

Last Name First Name Age Sex Blood Census Card No. Tribe & Enrollment
Hampton Julius C. 42 Male 1-2 CC# 3590 Page 61 Enr# 10128 Choctaws – by Blood

basically, you have common names. where were people living in 1900? this would be a good indication whether they might have applied to an oklahoma tribe.

there are some common threads in your inquiry:
1) internet information can often be used as a guide but should probably not be used as fact unless you collect your own documents. people do post their conclusions or speculate on what might be.
2) tribal enrollment and tribal affiliation are two different topics. you need to look at the qualifications for membership in a tribe. likewise, you should look at the the content of information in the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in the state of oklahoma/indian territory.
3) genealogy involves the accumulation of facts. so you have to collect documents. it is definitely insufficient to rely only on the internet to collect facts.
4) in 1800-1890 time period, natives were not on the federal census if they lived on-reservation because they were not taxed. natives in this time period were on native census records. so, if you find your family in federal census records 1800-1890, that would be an indication that they were not living on a reservation. see the accessgenealogy link and look at the menu on the left and look at native census records, native databases and rolls.
in 1900, natives were on indian population census within the federal census. this is an important census year, as the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906.
1910-1940, there was only one census and it included people living on reservation and off reservation.

i think your goal is GREAT. i do not want to discourage you. you might consider using legacy software to keep track of your family. you might post a family tree online because people might find your relatives and contact you, share links and sources.
several people have made heritage books for their children, once you have some information.

1900 United States Federal Census about Joseph B Wright
Name: Joseph B Wright
[Joseph Bruce Wright]
Age: 45
Birth Date: Feb 1855
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Montague, Texas
[Montague]
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Hattie Wright
Marriage Year: 1880
Years Married: 20
Father’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother’s Birthplace: Tennessee
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Joseph B Wright 45
Hattie Wright 38
Myrtle Wright 19
Marvin Wright 17
Eulalia Wright 16
Oscar Wright 14
Joseph Wright 12
Wallis Wright 10
Loyd Wright 7
Nina Wright 5
Gladis Wright 2
Bruce Wright 8/12
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Montague, Texas; Roll: 1660; Page: 22B; Enumeration District: 0052; FHL microfilm: 1241660.
Name: Hattie Wright
[Harriet C Wright]
[Hattie Anderson]
Age: 38
Birth Date: Aug 1861
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1900: Justice Precinct 4, Montague, Texas
[Montague]
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Joseph B Wright
Marriage Year: 1880
Years Married: 20
Father’s Birthplace: Louisiana
Mother’s Birthplace: Kentucky

hattie was born aug 1861 MS, and this is well after the trail of tears in the late 1830’s. so she may be mississippi choctaw.

the family is not living in oklahoma/indian territory, so they probably didn’t apply to an oklahoma/indian territory tribe. one of the requirements is that natives had to be living in oklahoma/indian territory permanently by 1900.

you can look for a texas tribe.

Texas Death Index, 1903-2000 about Harriet Anderson Wright
Name: Harriet Anderson Wright
Death Date: 25 Oct 1947
Death County: Wichita
Certificate: 44478

on ancestry.com, some people have tagged records that are unlikely, such as an illinois death record for hattie.

i start from the death and work backwards.
obituary: see your local public library/interlibrary loan program.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net online. contact the cemetery.
birth, death, marriage certificate: state vital records
old records might be in the state archives or with a county clerk.
childrens’ records point to the parents, fix a family to a date or location.

the census can help you with family members and approximate dates and locations. the 1890 census was largely destroyed, but there is a federal census every 10 years. unfortunately, the native census records were taken less often.

the mississippi choctaw tribe stayed in AL/MS and did not go on the trail of tears in the late 1830s. they accepted land grants in lieu of tribal enrollment. some choctaw were living off-reservation in the 1830s and continued to live off-reservation. most of those natives did not get land grants and may not have gone on the trail of tears.

tribes were associated bands of natives.

Nancy Myers Nancy Myers

posted on February 11, 2013

Thank you so much for your help. I do think that Hattie’s mother was from the Mississippi Choctaw band. You have great advice. Over the weekend, I joined Ancestry.com. to my disappointment, I could not find anything about Hattie’s mom. I found some errors on my part including Joseph Anderson’s information. The Joseph Anderson that was mentioned above died before Hattie was born. It only list Hattie’s mom as Mildred Jane? I am disappointed that I could not find out more. Going forward… Backward…I am still proud to say that somewhere in our bloodline we are related to the Choctaw.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on February 11, 2013

ancestry.com is an excellent place to put a family tree. many do that. one of the reasons is that you can directly link resources, upload photographs, and when others look for relatives, they could find your tree and communicate with you.

if hattie and her family was living on reservation land, then you can look for them on accessgenealogy.com – at native databases and rolls, at native census records. i don’t know if that will help. some of the records are transliterated names (english spelling of the native language). natives living on reservation in the 1800’s were not taxed, so they are not on the federal census.

agreed, it is slow-going on records before 1850. that is true of female records in general and native or slave records. genealogists have to value little bits of information.

if you don’t have enough information on hattie, you should look at the documents you have for the children and see if there are any clues.

and don’t forget local history books/newspapers. try your local public library interlibrary loan program for that. state historical societies and state archives often have historical newspapers and local history books.

you might want to look at the names of your ancestors and members of their family and see if they applied for membership in one of the five major tribes of oklahoma.

always check for tribal affiliation with tribes that are located near your family’s location 1830-1930 or so.

suzanne hamlet shatto