Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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Choctaw heritage

Tamy Hall Tamy Hall

posted on July 9, 2012

I’m stuck. My great grandfather always said he was 1/4 Choctaw, through his mother. His name was Mike Z. Davis, b. 1863. His parents were William Davis and Emma Caroline Davis, b.1834. Her parents were Michael M. Miller, b.1805, and Mary D. Pitts, b.about 1805. My grandfather (Mike’s son, Tomie J Davis,b. 1902 in Oklahoma, always said that shortly after he moved to California from Oklahoma he was contacted by the state of Oklahoma about Indian land, but he never followed up on it because that would have meant acknowledging his Indian heritage, something he was not proud of. I am looking for more information on my Indian ancestry because I am tracing my history. ANY help or direction on where to look would be truly appreciated. Thanks to any and all in advance!

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 10, 2012

it sounds like tomie j. davis did not enroll in the choctaw tribe in oklahoma. there is a choctaw tribe in california, i think. tribal heritage and tribal enrollment are two different topics.

there are few locations in this post. there is no spouse for tomie j. davis. since he was born after the enrollment procedures began and before the oklahoma choctaw tribe enrollment closed, he would be the first person i would try to look up.

i would suspect that tomie is thomas or tommie. i cannot find any mike/michael davis on the dawes roll. the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906 in oklahoma and contains the names of the applicants to the five major tribes. there are actually 63 tribes in oklahoma.

maybe this is your family:

1910 United States Federal Census about Tom Davis
Name: Tom Davis
Age in 1910: 7
Birth Year: 1903
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1910: Heavener, Le Flore, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: Mike Davis
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s name: Alice Davis
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mike Davis 48
Alice Davis 49
Walter Davis 19
Myrtle Davis 16
Judia Davis 13
Tom Davis 7
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Heavener, Le Flore, Oklahoma; Roll: T624_1258; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 0150; Image: 302; FHL microfilm: 1375271.

there are others researching this family also. just following the trail that they left on ancestry.com:

California Death Index, 1940-1997 about Tomie J Davis
Name: Tomie J Davis
Social Security #: 447182011
Sex: Male
Birth Date: 15 Sep 1902
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Death Date: 10 Jul 1980
Death Place: San Bernardino
Mother’s Maiden Name: Wadron

i wonder if wadron is waldron.
you may want to get a copy of his death certificate from california vital records, his obituary from a california newspaper. see the local public library/interlibrary loan program for the obituary.

U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006 about Tomie J Davis
Name: Tomie J Davis
Service Info.: PVT US ARMY
Birth Date: 15 Sep 1902
Death Date: 10 Jul 1980
Service Start Date: 11 May 1926
Interment Date: 15 Jul 1980
Cemetery: Riverside National Cemetery
Cemetery Address: 22495 Van Buren Boulevard Riverside, CA 92518
Buried At: Section 2 Site 542

Social Security Death Index about Tomie Davis
Name: Tomie Davis
SSN: 447-18-2011
Last Residence: 92373 Redlands, San Bernardino, California, United States of America
Born: 30 Sep 1902
Last Benefit: 92373 Redlands, San Bernardino, California, United States of America
Died: Jul 1980
State (Year) SSN issued: Oklahoma (Before 1951)

1930 United States Federal Census about Tomie J Davis
Name: Tomie J Davis
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1903
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Lawton, Comanche, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Lodger
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Lawton, Comanche, Oklahoma; Roll: 1899; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 687.0; FHL microfilm: 2341633.
he is a soldier at fort sill military reservation.

if his parents were b. MS, they may have been mississippi choctaw, a separate tribe. see the links in this post.

1900 United States Federal Census about Mike Z Davis
Name: Mike Z Davis
Age: 38
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1900: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Alice Davis
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Mike Z Davis 38
Alice Davis 39
Millie E Davis 13
Lillian T Davis 10
Walter R Davis 9
Lou M Davis 5
Juda C Davis 3
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 5, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; Enumeration District: 88; FHL microfilm: 1241851.

1880 United States Federal Census about Alace R. Walden
Name: Alace R. Walden
Age: 18
Birth Year: abt 1862
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1880: Athens, Monroe, Mississippi
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: A.T. Walden
Father’s Birthplace: North Carolina
Mother’s name: Judith Walden
Mother’s Birthplace: Alabama
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Works On Farm
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
A.T. Walden 42
Judith Walden 41
Alace R. Walden 18
A.T. Walden 16
I.G. Walden 14
Isadore Walden 9
Sarah Walden 7
Minnie Z. Walden 5
Josiah Walden 1
W.P. Cox 23
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Athens, Monroe, Mississippi; Roll: 658; Family History Film: 1254658; Page: 67C; Enumeration District: 127; Image: 0135.

the trail of tears occurred in the late 1830’s from the southeastern reservations to oklahoma.
i saw a reference to AL also, so you will have to check with the MOWA tribe also. location is a strong indication of affiliation to a tribe, so look for nearby tribes.

you may find that the head of household accepted choctaw scrip land grant in lieu of enrollment 1830-1900. this would show affiliation but would not get enrollment in a tribe if your family did not apply for enrollment.

Mississippi Marriages, 1776-1935 about M. Z. Davis
Name: M. Z. Davis
Spouse: Alice Waldon
Marriage Date: 19 Nov 1884
County: Monroe

1870 United States Federal Census about Alice Waldow
Name: Alice Waldow
[Alice Walden]
Age in 1870: 9
Birth Year: abt 1861
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1870: Township 13, Monroe, Mississippi
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Smithville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Alvin Waldow 30
India Waldow 27
John Waldow 11
Alice Waldow 9
Thomas Waldow 4
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Township 13, Monroe, Mississippi; Roll: M593_741; Page: 260B; Image: 527; Family History Library Film: 552240.

1870 United States Federal Census about Michael Davis
Name: Michael Davis
[Mitchel Davis]
Age in 1870: 6
Birth Year: abt 1864
Birthplace: Mississippi
Home in 1870: Beat 4, Simpson, Mississippi
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Bridgeport
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Amos Davis 45
Catharine Davis 44
Louis Davis 19
John Davis 16
Thomas Davis 14
James M Davis 12
Rebecca Davis 8
Michael Davis 6
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Beat 4, Simpson, Mississippi; Roll: M593_748; Page: 333B; Image: 671; Family History Library Film: 552247.

you might want to contact the mississippi archives and the mississippi state historical society. there might be historical newspapers from this period that mention the family. you might be able to get a microfilm through your local public library/interlibrary loan program.

as for choctaw scrip, ancestry.com has two databases for mississippi and alabama that list many of these records, along with homestead records for those state. see mississippi land records and alabama land records for the head of household’s name. those records are kept at NARA http://www.archives.gov

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Tamy Hall Tamy Hall

posted on August 4, 2012

Thanks Suzanne, for all the info. Yes, those records, for the most part, are mine. I have searched through the Dawes Rolls, as well as many other Indian Census records. I have been unable to find any of my family listed there. I’m not looking for enrollment. I want more definitive info on my Native heritage than I have. Is there any way to check on the validity of the claim by my grandfather that he was contacted by the state of Oklahoma stating that he was eligible for Indian land and what other info there was associated with that?? My grandfather and great grandfather always said they were Indian, my great grandfather saying 1/4, but they would not officially acknowledge the fact.
Thanks so much for all your wonderful help and information!!

Sincerely, Tamy Hall

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 4, 2012

the only time natives disclosed their heritage was when they enrolled.

however, it appears you got lucky here:

Mississippi Land Records about Amos Davis
Name: Amos Davis
Land Office: COLUMBUS
Document Number: 26098
Total Acres: 79.97
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: 1 Sep 1844
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Remarks: ASSIGNEE OF GEORGE W BONNELL AND HIRAM CARVER
Land Description:
1 W½NW CHOCTAW No 8N 12E 18
Source Information:
United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Land Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997.
Original data: United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Pre-1908 Patents: Homesteads, Cash Entry, Choctaw Indian Scrip and Chickasaw Cession Lands. General Land Office Automated Records Project, 1997.

Mississippi Land Records about Amos Davis
Name: Amos Davis
Land Office: COLUMBUS
Document Number: 26097
Total Acres: 222.61
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: 1 Oct 1851
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Remarks: ASSIGNEE OF GEORGE W BONNELL AND HIRAM CARVER
Land Description:
1 E½NE CHOCTAW No 8N 11E 13
2 SE CHOCTAW No 8N 11E 13

Mississippi Land Records about Amos Davis
Name: Amos Davis
Land Office: PONTOTOC
Document Number: 12276
Total Acres: 160.95
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: 9 Apr 1842
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description:
1 NE CHICKASAW Yes 13S 2W 1
Source Information:
United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Land Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997.
Original data: United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Pre-1908 Patents: Homesteads, Cash Entry, Choctaw Indian Scrip and Chickasaw Cession Lands. General Land Office Automated Records Project, 1997.

Mississippi Land Records about Amos Davis
Name: Amos Davis
Land Office: PONTOTOC
Document Number: 12556
Total Acres: 160.95
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: 15 Jun 1843
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description:
1 NW CHICKASAW Yes 13S 2W 1
Source Information:
United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Land Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997.
Original data: United States, Bureau of Land Management. Mississippi Pre-1908 Patents: Homesteads, Cash Entry, Choctaw Indian Scrip and Chickasaw Cession Lands. General Land Office Automated Records Project, 1997.

as for the story about he was eligible for land, i don’t know if that was true. the scrip land went to the head of household and it appears amos had claimed it.

land was given in lieu of tribal enrollment.

those land records are at NARA http://www.archives.gov. i do not know what is in the land packet, but i would imagine that there would be some eligibility in order to receive the scrip land.

as for him being contacted by the state of oklahoma, i am not sure that was true. natives that did not go on the trail of tears in the late 1830’s were called mississippi choctaw, and it is likely that this tribe would have been the tribe that they could have enrolled in. however, every tribe had membership requirements and i don’t know if your family tried to enroll in 1929 or if they didn’t meet the membership requirements.

http://www.choctaw.org/

reservation agents in the south did tell people to go up to oklahoma and get enrolled. the problem with that is that it was a lie. each tribe has requirements for membership. the mississippi choctaw were generally excluded from the tribe because they did not go on the trail of tears, many would not agree to live under tribal authority, and some did not have the proof required by the dawes commission. the tribal council “adopted” some of the mississippi choctaw early on in the process but this stopped.

the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma was a list of applicants to the five major tribes. there are 63 tribes in oklahoma.
http://www.theamericanindiancenter.org/oklahoma-tribes

location is a major factor in tribal affiliation.

Tamy Hall Tamy Hall

posted on August 4, 2012

Thank you so much for all the help and wonderful information. Unfortunately, Amos Davis was not my Davis. However, you’ve given me some other places to hunt for info. Thank you!!!!