Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation


Kimberly Diulio Kimberly Diulio

posted on July 6, 2012

I’m in the process of researching my American Indian heritage. According to my father, his mother was half Choctaw. She is now deceased.

I don’t know much about her except her last married name and her maiden name. She may have been born in Texas and was living in Oregon at the time of her death. My father doesn’t have much information to supply me nor do his relatives.

I was hoping my daughter might be able to take advantage of her native american heritage as far as college goes. That’s if she is even considered Choctaw at all as far as percentage is concerned.

I understand we need to obtain a registration number with the Choctaw Nation and prove with birth/death certificates that this person did exist. I may be able to obtain a birth or death certificate for my grandmother, but beyond that, I don’t even know who my great-grandparents were, names, etc.

I would assume my great-grandparent would be the one who would have enrolled on this Dawes list, not my grandmother. I’m sure this research would probably take years to accomplish and may not even be possible at all. Any feedback would be appreciated.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 7, 2012

at this time, if your family is eligible to enroll, there are no restrictions on a minimum blood quantum of the choctaw tribe.

you should get a copy of the grandmother’s death certificate from the state vital records. this will give you dates and locations, maybe parents’ names. you don’t disclose what your grandmother’s name is, so i cannot do any preliminary searching. but i can give you a list of resources.

an obituary can be helpful. see your local public library/interlibrary loan program for this.

the great-grandparents names would be on the grandmother’s birth certificate. childrens’ documents fix the family to a location and date.

there are some online websites where you can order birth and death certificates, such as

if you get stuck, you might want to get a copy of her social security application, which would list dates, locations, parents. if the birth or death occurred before 1930, when you request records, you should also request a delayed birth certificate. many people had to submit a delayed birth certificate with their social security application 1/1/1937, when it went into effect. a birth record had to be submitted to show proof of age.

if she came from texas, she might not have applied or been enrolled in an oklahoma tribe. always, look where the ancestors lived 1830-1930 and then look for a nearby tribe. there are some links for texas tribes in this post. if she was born in texas, she might have been mississippi choctaw. so be sure to read all the resources that i list for that tribe.

many mississippi choctaw did not apply for enrollment with any tribe and many did not qualify for the choctaw tribe in oklahoma.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA
fort worth, TX has the south central tribal enrollment records.

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories. i have heard that the family history centers of the latter day saints have taken this project on.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Kimberly Diulio Kimberly Diulio

posted on July 7, 2012


Thank you for this wealth of information. My grandmother’s maiden name was Lucille Fike or “Fyke” and her two married names were “Miller” (which is my maiden name) and “Peden.” My father’s name is Jack Miller, no middle name. I should have included this information within my initial message.

Kim Diulio

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 7, 2012

there are no spouses, dates or locations in your post. these are common names.

is this your relative?

1930 United States Federal Census about Lucile Fyke
Name: Lucile Fyke
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1915
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Precinct 1, Parker, Texas
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: Will H Fyke
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Annie Fyke
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Will H Fyke 40
Annie Fyke 33
Lawrence Fyke 16
Lucile Fyke 15
Ruth Fyke 9
Nona Mae Fyke 0
[1 3/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 1, Parker, Texas; Roll: 2383; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 9; Image: 168.0; FHL microfilm: 2342117.

1920 United States Federal Census about Lucille Fyke
Name: Lucille Fyke
[Lecill Fyke]
Age: 5
Birth Year: abt 1915
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Belton, Bell, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: W H Fyke
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: R A Fyke
Mother’s Birthplace: Texas
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
W H Fyke 30
R A Fyke 28
Lawrence Fyke 6
Lucille Fyke 5

Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Belton, Bell, Texas; Roll: T625_1776; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 4; Image: 156.

if it is, both parents are b. TX. if they are native, they might be mississippi choctaw. in any case, there are texas tribes that might be located nearby, so you should check with them.

Kimberly Diulio Kimberly Diulio

posted on July 8, 2012


This may be my grandmother’s information. I entered the last name within the Dawes Roll, and a few others, with no results on the last name. I’m assuming the “roll” number listed within your notes specifies something other than the Dawes, or other, roll number. I did enter this number regardless with no results either. Not completely sure what to do next.


Kim Diulio

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on July 8, 2012

you should look for genealogical information first, such as vital records.

i posted census information, not native information. the roll on census information indicates the microfilm roll#.

if that if your relative, they were not living in oklahoma. there are many different tribes and i do not know whether your relative belongs to any of them. location is a major factor in tribal affiliation. this is the website of the choctaw tribe in oklahoma.

i think you need to establish your grandmother’s birthdate, birth location, date of death, place of death. if you get stuck, you can ask for a copy of her social security application for anyone who passed away after 1/1/1937. SS-5 form.

generally, look for native records after you have established where she lived, when she was born, who her parents were.

Kimberly Diulio Kimberly Diulio

posted on August 5, 2012

Hi Suzanne!
I thought I would give you an update. I was able to obtain more information regarding my grandmother Mary Lucille Fyke Peden. She was born on 10/13/14 in Weatherford, TX and passd on 4/3/98 in Eugene, OR. Her parents were William Henderson Fyke (4/16/1888-4/19/1943) and Annie Roxie Douglas Fyke (7/6/1897-8/6/1949). They were both born in Texas, and both died in Weatherford, TX.

My great-great grandparents are John Douglas and Roxie Beavers Douglas, both of TX. I found their names on my great-grandmothers death certificate. Trying to obtain their birth information now. By the way, the census information you sent in your earlier message to me was correct, I just didn’t know at the time.

Thanks much,

Kim Diulio

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on August 6, 2012

bear in mind, that if they were living in texas, they were unlikely to be on the dawes roll taken 1896-1906 in indian territory/oklahoma.

there are requirements for enrollment for every tribe.

you should check about the tribes located near where your family lived.

texas tribes

suzanne hamlet shatto

Michelle Miller Michelle Miller

posted on May 30, 2013 and updated on May 30, 2013

HI Suzanne, is there a way to actually speak to someone about this and go over information that I have? It seems there is a lot of research and unless educated, I have documents showing who I am linked to but is there a way to directly go to certain organizations and make the research more concentrated?