Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the Choctaw Nation

Mat Laxton and Alpha PIGG

Mrs.Darrel Laxton Mrs.Darrel Laxton

posted on June 23, 2012

Having zero luck learning if Althor “Alpha” is the birth Mother for all of the Laxton Children. They were married so young one would think she had to be. Any information would be greatly appreciated.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 23, 2012

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:

social security application for a deceased person:
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on or
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try or ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA ( are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment

2 ways to search:
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
other resources are NARA

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
(Record Group 75)
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
some obituaries:

NARA federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
calculations about blood quantum:

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:

MOWA tribe
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail:

other choctaw tribes:

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
oklahoma historical society
marriage records

other historical societies:
some oklahoma genealogical societies:

texas tribes

oklahoma tribes:

some links for the choctaw.
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page

and this might be of interest to you:
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 24, 2012

this was posted on an ancestry messageboard for surname laxton:
I have a certified copy of the death certificate of James Matthew Laxton, born 3/21/1879, died Hemet, Ca, 2/28/1954. He’s my grandmothers father.

California Death Index, 1940-1997 about James Matthew Laxton
Name: James Matthew Laxton
Social Security #: 0
Sex: Male
Birth Date: 21 Mar 1879
Birthplace: Texas
Death Date: 28 Feb 1954
Death Place: Riverside
Mother’s Maiden Name: Maxwell
Father’s Surname: Laxton

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 about James Matt Laxton
Name: James Matt Laxton
County: McCurtain
State: Oklahoma
Birth Date: 21 Mar 1881
Race: White
FHL Roll Number: 1851808
DraftBoard: 0
it appears he is married to a stella laxton.

there is a j. m. laxton on the chickasaw roll, #198. you might want to contact the chickasaw tribe about this. i don’t know if this is your relative.

someone has tagged this record as your relative:
Name: James M Dauton
[James M Laxton]
Age: 42
Birth Year: abt 1878
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1920: Tyrone, Grant, New Mexico
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Dora Dauton
Father’s Birthplace: United States of America
Mother’s Birthplace: United States of America
Home owned: Own
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James M Dauton 42
Dora Dauton 38
Frank A Dauton 11
Dora P Dauton 9
James M Dauton 8
Joseph E Dauton 4
[4 8/12]
George W Dauton 1
[1 10/12]
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Tyrone, Grant, New Mexico; Roll: T625_1076; Page: 33A; Enumeration District: 196; Image: 930.

1930 United States Federal Census about J M Laxton
Name: J M Laxton
[J M Saxton]
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1882
Birthplace: Texas
Race: White
Home in 1930: Sulphur, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse’s Name: Stella Laxton
Father’s Birthplace: Missouri
Mother’s Birthplace: Missouri


Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
J M Laxton 48
Stella Laxton 42
Emma Lee Burclens 6
Ruth Holmes 30
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Sulphur, Mccurtain, Oklahoma; Roll: 1913; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 28; Image: 568.0; FHL microfilm: 2341647.

i do not even know if these are the same people, in 1920 and 1930 census.

this could be your james m. laxton:

1880 United States Federal Census about J Laukston
Name: J Laukston
Age: 1m
Birth Year: abt 1880
Birthplace: Texas
Home in 1880: Precinct 2, Collin, Texas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: J E Laukston
Father’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Mother’s name: A Laukston
Mother’s Birthplace: Mississippi
Neighbors: View others on page
Cannot read/write:


Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:

View image
Household Members:
Name Age
J E Laukston 27
A Laukston 25
A. J Laukston 6
A. B. Laukston 4
W. H Laukston 3
A. P. Laukston 1
J Laukston 1m
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 2, Collin, Texas; Roll: 1296; Family History Film: 1255296; Page: 104B; Enumeration District: 020; .

1900 United States Federal Census about James Laxton
Name: James Laxton
Age: 31
Birthplace: Arkansas
Home in 1900: Township 7, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
Race: White
Relation to Head of House: Head
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James Laxton 31
John Laxton 5
Visa Laxton 1
Mary Laxton 11/12
Liddie Crane 46
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Township 7, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory; Roll: 1851; Enumeration District: 87; FHL microfilm: 1241851.

and this could be your relative also.

i don’t know. you didn’t give enough information in your post to be sure of anything.

i start with the death and work backwards in time.

suzanne hamlet shatto

Sandra Sandra

posted on January 21, 2014 and updated on January 21, 2014

My Great Grandmother Alther May (Alpha) Pigg It has been hard to get information.
J.M. Laxton was on the #198 but waiting on information that as well. I have a letter from my Grandmother telling stories, Grandma Laxton always said to reconnect the family.

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on January 21, 2014 and updated on January 21, 2014

from an family tree
Alther May (Alpha) Pigg
Birth 1883 in Oklahoma, USA
Death 1909 in Forest Grove, Okla.

Family Members

Isaac J L Pigg
1854 – 1926

Mary Gist
1856 –

Show siblings
Spouse & Children

Mat James Laxton
1881 – 1954

James Franklin Laxton
1900 – 1967

Myrtle Mae Laxton
1902 – 1975

Samuel Edgar Laxton
1904 – 1978

Essie Mae Laxton
1906 – 1998

Ola Mae Laxton
1908 – 1988

Essie Laxton
1910 – 1989

Oklahoma, USA
Marriage to Mat James Laxton
16 May
Age: 14
Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
U.S. Court – Second Judicial Division
Age: 26
Forest Grove, Okla.

start with the death and go backwards in time.
bear in mind that oklahoma became a state in 1907. before that time, it was known as indian territory.

1890 – 1907

COPYRIGHT 27 APR 1992 Mary Kinard

Printed here with the Permission of J.D. Kinard and family for your personal use



AT – ATOKA, ATOKA CO. OK, get copy of marriage from LDS Library

BR – DURANT, BRYAN CO. OK. get copy of marriage from Durant

Lf – POTEAU, LEFLORE CO. OK get copy of marriage from Poteau

Mc – McALESTER, PITSBURY CO. OK get copy of marriage from Indian Archives OKC

WIL – WILBURTON, LATIMER CO. OK you may be able to get copy from Muskogee Ok


er – ERROR


MC – Oklahoma Historical Society
2100 North Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73105-4997
(405) 522-5225
Fax (405) 521-2492

Family Members
James Madison Laxton
1854 – 1929

Tish Maxwell

this tree has some pictures. you should contact anyone who posts about your family.

21 Mar
Montague, Texas, United States
4 Sources
Indian City, Payne, Oklahoma, USA
massacre of the Tonkawa Indians
Stories (1)
Marriage to Alther May (Alpha) Pigg
16 May
Age: 16
Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
U.S. Court – Second Judicial Division
1896 Citizenship Application

National Archives Identifier:273504
1 Source
Marriage to Stella Ives
26 Mar
Age: 30
Red River County, Texas, USA
Age: 49
Sulphur, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
1 Source
Age: 49
Sulphur, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
1 Source
Age: 49
Sulphur, Mccurtain, Oklahoma
1 Source
1 Apr
Age: 59
Sulphur, McCurtain, Oklahoma, United States
1 Source
28 Feb
Age: 72
Hemet, Riverside, California, USA
some links to choctaw records which are at NARA

the 1896 applications will be here very soon.


James Franklin Laxton
1900 – 1967

Myrtle Mae Laxton
1902 – 1975

Samuel Edgar Laxton
1904 – 1978

Essie Mae Laxton
1906 – 1998

Ola Mae Laxton
1908 – 1988

Essie Laxton
1910 – 1989

essie’s birthdate was after altha’s death?

i noticed that all family trees did not have many records. most notably the 1900 census. this is a big problem.

i would suggest that you accumulate records for the children.

i don’t know who the children married so it is difficult for me to go backward in time on them.

U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes (overturned), 1896 about J M Laxton
Name: J M Laxton
Tribe: Chickasaw
Application Number: 198
Roll Number: 1
Roll Description: Roll 01 – Master Index
Source Information: U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes (overturned), 1896 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2008.
Original data: Applications from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Muskogee Area Office, Relating to Enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes under the Act of 1896; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1650, 54 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

but this is just a j. m. laxton and no family. so i am suspicious that this is not the right person. contact the chickasaw tribe for this record. if they don’t have it, try NARA,
appearance on this roll does not entitle someone to membership in a tribe. the dawes process was started over again. this person might have been adopted by the tribe.
with just the initials, i don’t know if this is your relative or someone else.

death records:
cemetery: and and then contact the cemetery.
i don’t know if forest grove is in garvin county, OK.
this might not be correct either, since i see no documentation.

obituary: see your local public library/interlibrary loan program. historical societies and state archives often have historical newspapers.
death certificate: state archives or state vital records.

that’s all the advice i can give at the moment.