Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

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goodner, velma: Earl C. intolubbe , colbert preston intolubbe , trying to find my roots

adam rockett INTOLUBBE browning adam rockett INTOLUBBE browning

posted on June 14, 2012

Velma goodner was my g.grandmothers maiden name, she married earl c intolubbe and the traveled to alaska, they were part of the early civilization of alaska, earl and velma were my great grandparents and from what I hear ,they contributed a lot to the school system in Oklahoma as well as the Choctaw nation.

Earl was an artist and has several paintings hanging in my home . I don’t know much bit I know they started a school for eskimos up there, they also have ties to Virginia , Oklahoma, Pirtle (Indian territory)

Also, Earl had a sister named cepha
I believe there was another sister or possible mother named Ada intolubbe,

Anyways, I would greatly appreciate any help I could get in connecting the dots on this

Adam R. Intolubbe-Browning

suzanne hamlet shatto suzanne hamlet shatto

posted on June 14, 2012

no years in this post.

1920 United States Federal Census about Earl Tritolubby
Name: Earl Tritolubby
[Earl Intolubbe]
[Earl Tulolubby]
[Earl Labby]
Age: 14
Birth Year: abt 1906
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Durant Ward 2, Bryan, Oklahoma
Race: Indian (Native American)
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Son
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Birthplace: Oklahoma
Mother’s name: Ada Tritolubby
Mother’s Birthplace: England
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Ada Tritolubby 43
Cepha Tritolubby 16
Earl Tritolubby 14
Naniah Cole 75
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Durant Ward 2, Bryan, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1454; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 15; Image: 36.

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Cole Naamah 0 F 3454 P
Choctaw Cote Daniel 0 M 3454 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Peter 0 M 3454 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Colbert 20 M FULL 3454 NR DURANT BB
Choctaw Intolabbee Ada 25 F IW 3454 NR DURANT BB
Choctaw Intolubbee Sally 0 F 3454 P
bb=by blood
iw=intermarried white, a general nontribal description
p=parent

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Cole Daniel 0 M D991 P
Choctaw Cole Daniel 0 M NR D991 D
Choctaw Cole Naamah 0 F D991 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Ada 25 F IW D991 D
d=doubtful

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Intolabbee Ada 0 F M104 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Colbert 0 M M104 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Earl Colbert 1 M 1/2 M104 63 PIRTLE M

Dawes Card Information

tribe last first middle age sex blood card roll misc type
Choctaw Intolabbee Ada 0 F NB233 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Colbert 0 M NB233 P
Choctaw Intolabbee Cepha 2 F 1/2 NB233 NB236 PIRTLE NB
nb=newborn

earl c. intolubbee:
Birth: Apr. 10, 1905, USA
Death: Jun. 10, 1990, USA

Burial:
Highland Cemetery
Durant
Bryan County
Oklahoma, USA
this is on findagrave.com

this is on ancestry.com’s family records:
Earl Colbert Intolubbe
Birth 10 Apr 1905 in Pirtle, Indian Territory
Death 10 Jun 1990 in Durant, OK

Velma Zoe Goodner
Birth 6 Jul 1912 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Oklahoma
Death 12 Mar 2000 in Durant, Bryan, Oklahoma, USA

Parents

James David Goodner 1869 – 1938 Verlinda Isabelle “Linnie” Standridge 1869 – 1937

Verlinda Isabelle “Linnie” Standridge
Birth 31 Aug 1869 in Mount Ida, Montgomery, Arkansas
Death 18 Jan 1937 in Edmond, Oklahoma, Oklahoma

James David Goodner
Birth 6 Feb 1869 in , Bell, Texas, USA
Death 6 Oct 1938 in Edmond, Oklahoma, Oklahoma, USA

the goodners did not apply for enrollment.

1920 United States Federal Census about Velma Goodner
Name: Velma Goodner
Age: 7
Birth Year: abt 1913
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Home in 1920: Altus, Jackson, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father’s Name: J D Goodner
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Virlenda Goodner
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
J D Goodner 50
Virlenda Goodner 50
Viola Goodner 24
Lester Goodner 21
Ida L Goodner 17
Audine Goodner 13
Velma Goodner 7
Source Citation: Year: 1920; Census Place: Altus, Jackson, Oklahoma; Roll: T625_1457; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 99; Image: 158.

U.S. Public Records Index, Volume 2 about Velma Intolubbe
Name: Velma Intolubbe
Birth Date: 6 Jul 1912
Address: 1222 Baltimore St, Durant, OK, 74701-3244

Social Security Death Index about Velma Z. Intolubbe
Name: Velma Z. Intolubbe
SSN: 579-44-6414
Last Residence: 74701 Durant, Bryan, Oklahoma, United States of America
Born: 6 Jul 1912
Died: 12 Mar 2000
State (Year) SSN issued: District of Columbia (1952)

U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989 (Beta) about Velma Z Intolubbe
Name: Velma Z Intolubbe
Gender: F (Female)
Residence Year: 1940
Street Address: 2200 NW 31st
Residence Place: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Spouse: Earl C Intolubbe
Publication Title: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, City Directory, 1940

1930 United States Federal Census about Velma Goodner
Name: Velma Goodner
Gender: Female
Birth Year: abt 1913
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Race: White
Home in 1930: Edmond, Oklahoma, Oklahoma
View Map
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Father’s Name: James D Goodner
Father’s Birthplace: Texas
Mother’s name: Verlinda Goodner
Mother’s Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents’ birthplace:

View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James D Goodner 61
Verlinda Goodner 60
Lester Goodner 31
Velma Goodner 17
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Edmond, Oklahoma, Oklahoma; Roll: 1917; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 14; Image: 975.0; FHL microfilm: 2341651.

genealogists use names, dates, locations, children and spouses to match records. if you have a common surname, you need to give more information rather than less. if you post about women, it is helpful to include the maiden name and the married name and designate which one is the maiden name.

start with what you know, gather documentation, then you can go backward in time. so get your birth certificate, your parents’ birth certificates and marriage license and then you can start on your grandparents. if someone passed away after 1/1/1937, they probably have a social security application on file. if you ask a government agency for a birth certificate, and they were born before 1929, they might have submitted a delayed birth certificate. death certificates, cemetery information and obituaries are helpful. you can usually get a copy of an obituary, newspaper mentions such as birth of a child or marriage, through the interlibrary loan program – see your local public library for this. i usually start with the death and work toward the person’s birth. military records and pension records can be helpful. census records can tell you where they were at particular times, names of family members. the census records up to 1930 are available, although the 1890 census was largely destroyed. the 1940 census will be public information in 2012.

obituaries through the oklahoma choctaw tribe is through the history link for the tribe:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

social security application for a deceased person:
http://www.ssa.gov/foia/html/foia_guide.htm
form SS-5.

your public library probably has a subscription to heritage quest and ancestry.com. fold3.com is another useful database for native records and military records, but they are a subscription. however, many times their month’s subscription price is less than the price of a dawes packet, however check with accessgenealogy’s database to see if your relative’s dawes packet is exists or is available at fold3.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/dawes.php?s_last=green&s_first=mart&s_middle=&s_tribe=
partial names are allowed.

bear in mind that many records are not online. always collect documents, as just the reference to a relative in an index informs you that a document is available.

death records:
death certificate: state vital records or if very old, state archives. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. you can look at death indices, such as the social security death index 1964-present for a date of death on rootsweb.com or ancestry.com.
obituary: see your local public library, interlibrary loan program. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. approximate date of death is helpful. if old, state historical society or state archives might have historical newspapers.
cemetery record: try findagrave.com or interment.net. ask for the person’s name at the time of death. if you find a relative, you can click on the county or cemetery to see if others with the same surname are buried there.

marriage records:
state vital records office, county clerk or if old, state archives or state historical society.

birth records:
state vital records office, or if old, state archives or state historical society. if the birth was before 1940, ask for a birth certificate or a delayed birth certificate. many people had to get delayed birth certificates when social security came into effect because they had to show proof of age. this will be under the name used at the time of birth.

census records:
you will want to search for census records 1940 on down to the birth of your relative. the federal census was taken every 10 years, however the 1890 census was largely destroyed by fire. there are also some state census records and native census records and native rolls. ancestry.com and heritage quest are two databases that include many census records. many native census records kept by NARA (http://www.archives.gov) are transcribed at accessgenealogy.

first of all, heritage and tribal enrollment are two different things. many times natives didn’t apply for enrollment because 1) they didn’t qualify, 2) they were philosophically opposed to enrollment, 3) they didn’t have documentation, or 4) they were mississippi choctaw and their ancestor had accepted land or benefits in lieu of tribal enrollment.

the dawes roll was taken 1896-1906, so you should trace your ancestors down to that time period. mostly, they had to be living in oklahoma by that time and agree to live there permanently.

history of the dawes roll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawes_Commission
wikipedia entries are sometimes opinionated; entered by volunteers.

helpful information about tribal enrollment
http://www.felihkatubbe.com/ChoctawNation/TribalMembership.html

2 ways to search:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalroll.php
this will let you enter partial names to get card#. click on the card# in the card column and you can see other names in that family.
other resources on the left and at the bottom of this webpage. native census records and databases are especially useful.

http://www.okhistory.org/research/dawes/index.php
this will give you card# (family group) and enrollment #. they have some native marriage records too. other oklahoma records listed at left.
if your relative was enrolled by court action, their name might not be on this list.
if the name is common, you may find too many possible records.
you can order the dawes packet from the oklahoma historical society website.

if you find a relative listed on the dawes roll, fold3 may have filmed the record and could be available online.
http://www.fold3.com/documents/46580455/dawes-packets/
other resources are NARA http://www.archives.gov

the five civilized tribes book put out by the department of the interior has testimony.
http://books.google.com/books/about/Five_civilized_tribes_in_Oklahoma.html?id=chATAAAAYAAJ
and you can read it online

and these are the microfilms at fort worth TX archives.
http://www.archives.gov/southwest/finding-aids/native-american-microfilm.html

there may be additional records about your relative:
contact NARA http://www.archives.gov for these and other records listed on this webpage.

75.23 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES 1852-1919
75.23.1 Records of the Dawes Commission
75.23.2 Records of the U.S. Indian Inspector for Indian Territory
75.23.3 General records of the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html
(Record Group 75)
1793-1989

http://okhistory.cuadra.com/star/public.html
oklahoma newspaper and archives search. some of these resources may be available through interlibrary loan/public library.

the tribe has an excellent information to help you. it is found under genealogy advocacy.
http://choctawnation.com/services/departments/community-services/
some obituaries:
http://www.choctawnation.com/history/obituaries/

NARA http://www.archives.gov/ federal records repository. the fort worth, TX office has archives for oklahoma and texas tribes. atlanta/morrow office has archives for the southwest tribes. many offices have microfilmed records for several tribes. note that this web address has changed recently from nara.gov.

freedmen info:
You can ONLY apply for Choctaw Nation Membership, AFTER you have obtained a CDIB card proving your Choctaw Blood lineage to a direct ancestor who actually enrolled, BY BLOOD. Freedmen DID NOT enroll By Blood. When US Congress closed the Final Dawes Commission Rolls, there were no provisions granting Freedmen any benefits after the Dawes Commission closed. The tribe Constitution states BY BLOOD. however, the documents (application, census card and testimony) may help you find out more about your heritage.

about blood quantum laws:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_quantum_laws
calculations about blood quantum:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wishawa4/Menominee%20Indians/quantum.htm

mississippi choctaw and choctaw tribe explained here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choctaw_Trail_of_Tears
http://www.choctaw.org/

jena choctaw tribe in louisiana:
http://www.jenachoctaw.org/

MOWA tribe
http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1368
http://www.uab.edu/uabmagazine/2009/july/losttribe
http://www.native-american-online.org/MOWA-Choctaw.htm
MOWA Band Of Choctaws Wilford Taylor 1080 Red Fox Road Mount Vernon, AL 36560 (251) 829-5500. E-Mail: chieftaylor@mowachoctaw.com

other choctaw tribes:
http://www.aaanativearts.com/choctaw-indians/index.html

chickasaw historical society
Historic Preservation and Repatriation Office
Phone: (580) 272-5325
Fax: (580) 272-5327
2020 E. Arlington, Suite 4, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

chickasaw tribe
Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
520 East Arlington, Ada, OK 74820
Phone (580) 436-2603
Mailing address: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821
http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

chickasaw genealogy archive center Tribal Library
Phone: (580) 310-6477
Fax: (580) 559-0773
1003 Chamber Loop, Ada, OK 74820
send mail to: P.O. Box 1548, Ada, OK 74821

http://www.okhistory.org/
oklahoma historical society
marriage records
http://www.okhistory.org/research/library/marriage.html
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/chocmarriageindex.htm

other historical societies:
http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/SH-OK-NDX.html
some oklahoma genealogical societies:
http://www.censusfinder.com/oklahoma-genealogy-society.htm
http://www.geneasearch.com/societies/socokla.htm

texas tribes
http://www.native-languages.org/texas.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/index.htm
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.texasindians.com/
http://www.lsjunction.com/places/indians.htm

oklahoma tribes:
http://500nations.com/Oklahoma_Tribes.asp
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oklahoma/index.htm
http://www.cowboy.net/native/tribes.html

some links for the choctaw.
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/choctaw/index.htm
i looked at the land records and those need a lot of work. i have no information about whether or when they will improve some of these categories.

types of records available for native americans:
pages 366-369 in particular although the entire native american chapter is helpful.
The Genealogist’s Companion and Sourcebook:
Guide to the Resources You Need for Unpuzzling Your Past
Emily Anne Croom
you can ask for these particular pages from your local public library. if they don’t have the book, you can get the pages through the interlibrary loan program.
native american records are discussed in pages 352-386.

Tracing ancestors among the Five Civilized Tribes: Southeastern Indians …
By Rachal Mills Lennon
this book could be accessed through the interlibary loan program also.

always find the state archives. some records are online, some records are not. but many times you can find a record not found in other places. you want to see also about newspaper mentions for obituaries, births, marriages in particular.

check courts for probate, civil and criminal cases, marriage records.

if your ancestors lived on a reservation, they might not appear on a federal census because they were not taxed.
http://www.okgenweb.org/~okgarvin/kinard/1860index.htm
1860 census, indian territory.

this book is a good read about the dawes roll and how they implemented it.
The Dawes Commission and the allotment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1893-1914
By Kent Carter
and you can read this book online. your relatives’ testimony might be in the book.
http://www.archive.org/details/fivecivilizedtr00statgoog
see the menu at left. you can download it.

you should look at the enrollment application, census card and testimony. this post will tell you how to do that. these documents will tell you more about your heritage, but it won’t help you if your goal is to be enrolled in the choctaw tribe of oklahoma. some people were classed as mississippi choctaw if the family had a native heritage but didn’t qualify for enrollment in the tribe.

there are 63 tribes in oklahoma but only the five major tribes are on the dawes roll. look at your family’s location around 1900-1930 time period (census will help you there) and see if there was a tribe located nearby. it is possible that your relatives were affiliated with another tribe.

if they were mississippi choctaw, there is probably a land grant in MS/AL to a head of household called choctaw scrip land. this was given in lieu of tribal enrollment 1830-1880 time period. ancestry.com has a database of the MS and AL choctaw scrip land records, called mississippi or alabama land records. there are other land records in those databases too,, so you have to look at the authority/source cited. NARA http://www.archives.gov has those land record packages.

the mississippi choctaw was not removed from oklahoma. but they were largely rejected for tribal enrollment.

this website might help you in your search. some people are trying to transcribe applications.
http://www.us-census.org/native/choctaw_dawes.html
i do not know what they are trying to transcribe, but this is the volunteer page
http://www.us-census.org/states/graphics/status.htm

and this might be of interest to you:
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/choctaw/rights-of-choctaws.htm
Rights of Mississippi Choctaws in the Choctaw Nation

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalrolls/
Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory
the dawes roll is composed of applications to the five major tribes in oklahoma.

good advice about native research:
http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/research2.html

if your relatives came from a different geographic location or belonged to a different tribe, try searching google for the state and tribes. you might find a contact for a state-recognized tribe or a federal recognized tribe.

this page can help you set up a targeted google search.
http://www.searchforancestors.com/google/searcher.html

penny postcards. this is a website that features pictures that were on postcards. click on the state to see the postcards that they have.
http://www.usgwarchives.org/special/ppcs/ppcs.html
if you have a penny postcard, you can click on submissions to add your penny postcard to the collection.

these searches will combine several possible search terms and give you the best matches.

i have collected many resources over the years. if you want to write to me, shamlet76@gmail.com and request the choctaw resource list, i will be glad to send it to you.

i am just a volunteer that wants to empower people to learn how to do genealogy.

suzanne hamlet shatto

adam rockett INTOLUBBE browning adam rockett INTOLUBBE browning

posted on June 15, 2012

Thank you so much !!!!

Phil Johnson Phil Johnson

posted on September 13, 2012

Adam, Your G-Grandparents were my favorite great aunt and uncle. I practically lived with them during my first year in college. Earl had the dryest but sharpest sense of humor of anyone I have ever known, and Velma was just about the world’s nicest person, always into some kind of craft or service project (or both together).

I have a lot of genealogy info for Velma’s side of the family; some for Earl. If you’re looking for anything in particular, just ask.

Meanwhile, here are some articles with interesting info::

From the Choctaw Nation website:

Earl C Intolubbe
Submitted by: Velma Intolubbe

Earl Colbert Intolubbe was born on April 10, 1905 at Pirtle, Indian Territory and was included on one of the last newborn rolls. He was the son of Colbert Intolubbe and Ada Mary Cole Intolubbe, who was also on the rolls as an inter-married citizen.

Colbert had attended Jones Academy and was a bookkeeper for Cheap Jim’s Furniture Store (now Newman’s) in Durant. Earl was an infant when the family, including a sister, Cepha, moved to Durant. His father was accidentally killed when Earl was about two years old and the family moved back to the Pirtle farm and stayed for a while before moving back to Durant.

Earl attended grade school and graduated from Durant High School. He was art editor for the high school annual as he was the next year for Southeastern State College annual. He attended Southeastern for a year and earned a teacher’s certificate. He began his teaching career at a rural school near Broken Bow, Oklahoma. He then taught at Clayton and Bennington, returning to Southeastern each summer to work toward his degree.

In 1927, Earl accepted a position to teach and coach basketball at Omega, OK northwest of Oklahoma City. The next summer, instead of returning to Durant, he enrolled at Central State to continue his studies. He attended Central for two summers and in the fall of 1929; he enrolled for the fall and winter terms and received his B.A. Degree in May 1930. Here, he also served as art editor for the annual, The Bronze Book.

He also met his future wife at Central, Velma Goodner. They were married in 1932. After graduation, Earl accepted a position in the Oklahoma City school system and taught math at Roosevelt Junior High School, meanwhile working on his Master’s Degree in School Administration, attending Oklahoma University during summers and evenings, He received that degree in 1939 and the next year was appointed principal of an Oklahoma City Elementary School. Later he served as principal of Putnam Heights and Linwood Elementary School.

Meanwhile, Earl had placed an application for position in the Bureau of Indian affairs but had not been offered anything comparable in salary or challenge to his current work. But in the fall of 1944, Earl was offered a position as principal of an Indian Service boarding school at Wrangell, Alaska. Although it meant trading a known for an unknown situation, selling a house and furniture and changing schools for a 10-year-old daughter, 8-year-old son and five-year-old son, he decided to accept the offer.

In February 1945, he and Velma (who was also teaching in O.C.) left Oklahoma City in a 37 Ford, drive to Seattle and left on a steamer for Wrangell where he served from February ’45 to February ’50. Earl was then transferred to the Area Office in Juneau as an Education specialist in Guidance and spent the next three or four months traveling by boats, pontoon planes, ski planes and / or dog sleds visiting all the Alaska Native Service in Alaska since the people were not only Indians but Eskimos and Aleuts who objected to being called Indians.

About this time, a vacancy occurred in the BIA headquarters office in Washington, D. C. and again, Earl was offered (and accepted) a promotion-still as an Education Specialist (Guidance). For the next 11 years, he visited virtually every Indian Service school (day and boarding) in the country, offering suggestions for keeping children and youth interested in school.

As a result of his findings and suggestions, Concho Demonstration School was set up in some already existing buildings on the Concho Boarding School campus north of El Reno, Oklahoma, with Earl as Superintendent. Classes were small so every student received the individual help needed. There were both elementary and high school students who were drop-outs from other boarding schools or from public schools and the purpose was to find out why they were drop-outs and try to prepare them to go back to another school. The school was in operation for about six years and the rate of success was about 60%.

Some students stayed only a few weeks and were ready to return to the school they had come from. Some stayed as much as a year and were still not ready to return to the mainstream. A dedicated staff attempted to make each student feel loved and wanted, which accounted for much of the success in getting them back to a regular school. When there was talk of combining Concho Boarding and Concho Demonstration School, Earl wasn’t interested in being Superintendent and decided it as time to retire.

So he retired in July 1968 with the Interior Department Distinguished Service Award. But that was when he could do what he had always wanted to do—paint. His medium was watercolor and before long. he was entering shows, winning awards and selling his paintings. His work was exhibited in shows in Oklahoma, Arkansas and Texas and his pictures hang in homes and in public buildings from Florida to Alaska and from Main to California.

Earl is remembered by students and staff in the many schools he served, where his character and his sincere desire to help others along the way were evident. He joined the Methodist Church at an early age and remained a steady and faithful member, still working as long as he was able in the First United Methodist Church in Durant. He was a hard worker in Kiwanis Club and a volunteer in many community projects as long as he was physically able. Through the years, he earned medals and trophies for his painting, swimming, diving, track (half mile and cross country) and bowling.

In 1977 he received a trophy for a poster he entered in a contest for Senior Citizens of Oklahoma. Earl Colbert Intolubbe was a credit to the Choctaw Nation and left three children and their families to follow in his footsteps. He passed away [online article ends there.]

From an article about Earl’s sister:

Cepha Beryl Intolubbe
Submitted by: Barbara Surprenant, daughter

Cepha Beryl Intolubbe was born 4-8-1903 in Pirtle, I.T. Her father was Colbert Preston Intolubbe, a full blood Choctaw. Her mother was Ada Cole Intolubbe who came to this country at age 10 from Brighton, England.

Colbert’s father was Peter Intolubbe, who was the overseer of a stock farm and later a farmer. In 1872, Peter was appointed deputy sheriff of Blue County, I.T. and in 1891; he was a candidate for the office of District Chief, against competitors. This Peter Intolubbe’s father was also named Peter and was a Captain of the Choctaw Light Horse. (See Leaders and Leading Men of the Indian Territory – Vol. 1—American Publishing Association 1891—Osborne. On 4-10-1905, Cepha’s brother, Earl Colbert Intolubbe was born and about this time the young farmer moved to Durant. Colbert was educated at Jones Academy, became bookkeeper of the Cheap Jim Furniture Co., which is now known as Newman Furniture. Colbert died in December of 1907, leaving the young widow with Cephus, age four and Earl, age two. Ada always said that Colbert urged that if anything happened to him, she should see the children go a good education. That was always a principle concern for her. Cepha graduated form Durant High School that Cepha decided to become a teacher. She said that the principal influence in that direction came from her basketball coach and story teacher, Miss Winnie Lewis. Miss Lewis was, incidentally a Choctaw Indian. Cepha began teaching before she earned her degree attending summer school. Her first teaching job was Broken Bow, Oklahoma in McCurtain County. During that time, she met Charles Brent of Broken Bow and they were married in December pf 1923, at her home in Durant. Cepha continued teaching high school English, Speech and Spanish, also coaching girl’s basketball in several communities in southeastern Oklahoma. Her husband owned an operated movie theaters in the area. They had one daughter, Nancy Barbara, who was born in Oklahoma City on 10-30-1930. The couple was divorced in 1936. In 1938, Cepha went to teach in Wayne, Oklahoma and grandmother Ada Intolubba came to live with them to help take care of Barbara during the school year. During the summer, Ada went back to Durant to stay in her own home. Summer, Cepha did graduate work at the University of Oklahoma. It was in Wayne that Cepha met and subsequently married Thomas J. Jesse in 1940. During the next few years, Cepha, Tom, Barbara and grandmother Intolubbe lived mostly in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Barbara graduated from Will Rogers High School and decided to attend the Kansas City Art Institute in 1948. With Barbara safely off to college, Cepha and Tom decided to join the Alaska Native Service for two years, from 1949 to 1951. Cepha’s brother, Earl Intolubbe, was already in Alaska with his family. Cepha and Tom worked and taught among the Aleuts, first in Belkofski and the in Perryville—all native villages with no stores and no roads. They took a year’s supply of groceries with them. Tom was a professional writer and photographer an upon their return from Alaska, he went to work for the Oklahoma Game and Fish Department. Cepha began teaching again in Oklahoma. Then Tom became a Federal Project Leader in the McCurtain County State Game Refuge. For two years, they enjoyed being in the middle of a 15,000-acre virgin wilderness, 37 miles from Broken Bow. Cepha did not teach but helped Tom with his biological studies. As avid Audubon Society members, they also identified and reported some unusual birds. When Tom Jesse was transferred back to Oklahoma City, Cephe resumed teaching by decided to work in elementary education. In 1960, the Jesse Family moved to Rockport, Texas in the ArkansasCounty school system until her retirement at the age of 76. Tom Jesse died in 1974 but Cepha remained in Rockport and in their home a month before her death in August 1994 at he age of 9.